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Camera Movement, Shots & Angles
Transcript of Camera Movement, Shots & Angles
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
(cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr
(cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
This is the most common view, being the real-world angle that we are all used to. It shows subjects as we would expect to see them in real life. It is a fairly neutral shot.
the camera looks down at a character, making the viewer feel more powerful than him or her, or suggesting an air of detachment.
A low angle shot places camera below the character, exaggerating his or her importance. An overhead shot is one made from a position directly above the action.
Also known as a dutch tilt or canted angle. A tilted shot is when the camera is tilted on its axis so that normally vertical lines appear slanted to the left or right. Ordinary expectations are frustrated. Such shots are often used in mystery and suspense films to create a
sense of unease
in the viewer
The scene is shown from directly above. This is a completely different and somewhat unnatural point of view which can be used for dramatic effect or for showing a different spatial perspective.
In drama it can be used to show the positions and motions of different characters and objects, enabling the viewer to see things the characters can't.
The bird's-eye view is also very useful in sports, documentaries, etc
The field size defines how much of the subject and its surrounding area is visible within the camera’s field of view, and is determined by two factors:
Camera-to-subject distance and focal length of a lens
. It's what we call DISTANZA APPARENTE
An identical field size can be achieved at varied camera-subject distances by using a lens with a different focal length, and at varied focal lengths by choosing a different camera-subject distance.
Learn from the Masters!
1 point perspective
Extreme Long Shot (ELS
) establishing shot - In this type of shot the camera is at its furthest distance from the subject, emphasising the background.
Long shot (LS)
establishing shot. Shot which shows all or most of a fairly large subject (for example, a person) and usually much of the surroundings.
. A type of long shot which includes the human body in full, with the head near the top of the frame and the feet near the bottom
Medium Long Shot (MLS) or American shot
: In the case of a standing actor, the lower frame line cuts off his feet and ankles
Medium Shot or Mid-Shot (MS)
. In such a shot the subject or actor and its setting occupy equal areas in the frame. In the case of the standing actor, the lower frame passes through the waist. There is space for hand gestures to be seen.
Medium Close-Up (MCU).
Head and shoulders
The character's face fill the screen.
It abstracts the subject from a context. It shows the character's emotions.
Close-ups are used for distinguishing main characters. Major characters are often given a close-up when they are introduced as a way of indicating their importance
Close-ups focus attention on a person's feelings or reactions, and are sometimes used to show people in a state of emotional excitement, grief or joy.
It allow the viewer to enter the character’s intimate space and feel sympathy for
Extreme or Big Close-Up (ECU).
The shot is so tight that only a detail of the subject, such as someone's eyes, can be seen. It’s often Forehead to chin.
The direction and height from which the camera takes the scene
Horizontal movement of the camera from a static position
The camera swivels (in the same base position) to follow a moving subject. A space is left in front of the subject.
Tracking involves the camera itself being moved smoothly towards or away from the subject.
(like zooming) draws the viewer into a closer, more intense relationship with the subject;
tends to create emotional distance.
The speed of tracking may affect the viewer's mood.
There’s also the
Following tracking shot
, where the subject being filmed is seemingly pursued by the camera
(or side tracking shot).
The camera moves (crabs) right or left.
A vertical movement of the camera - up or down - while the camera mounting stays fixed.
the camera does not move; the lens is focused down from a long-shot to a close-up.
reveals more of the scene (perhaps where a character is, or to whom he or she is speaking) as the shot widens.
Now have a look at some great examples