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Transcript of Personality Theories
Developed by Sigmund Freud
States that human personality is the result of largely unconscious, internal conflicts among the structures of the human mind.
: Strongly predict human actions
Raised issues with many of Freud's theories and methods, including: structure of the mind, human sexuality, and treatment of free association
States that portions of an individual's knowledge can be related to observing others within the context of social interactions and other experiences.
George Kelly, Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck are cognitive theorists.
Allowed for growth in the fields of learning and personality.
Not a unified theory (aspects of the theory do not tie together)
I agree with....
Out of the four theories, I agree the most with the social cognitive theory. I firmly believe that we gain most our personality based knowledge from learning from others and abserving different behaviors. We also are influenced a lot by social media, which ties in with the SOCIAL cognitive theory.
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Discusses how to identify an individual
George Allport, Henry Murray, and Raymond Cattell are trait theorists.
able to categorize observable behaviors, uses objective criteria to categorize and measure behavior.
does not predict behavior in every situation, requires self observation, or self reports, does not explain why an individual behaves the way he/she does.
Belief in the basic goodness and respect of mankind.
The understanding and acceptance of one's own existence and responsibility.
Abraham Maslow and Carl Roges are humanistic theorists.
Research has taught us a lot about how people think and perceive, and it has gained popularity.
No agreed upon definition of the theory, does not provide solid understanding of development.
Before I started this unit, I believed personality came from external enviornment, enduring characteristics, and temperament. These choices that I chose before align pretty well with what I have learned throughout this unit. Personality is based on what is going on around us (social cognitive) and enduring characteristics (trait theory). Temperament has a little to do with your personality, but not as much as the othrer two.