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Chinese Calligraphy

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Jillian Nelson

on 3 June 2010

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Transcript of Chinese Calligraphy

Chinese Calligraphy Question 1:

What does the Chinese calligraphic alphabet look like? Calligraphy is basically currently classified as one of China’s many arts. This art, that is one of China’s main featured headers, is well-known by most if not all people from and in China. There are two different Chinese Calligraphy types. There is the traditional Chinese version that refers to the modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters. This first version of tradition is used all over China in places like Taiwan and Hong Kong. The second option in Chinese Calligraphy consists of the simplified Chinese version. Over all, both types of calligraphy are considered a scriptural evolution and refinement. In simplest terms, this art is cultural brush writing that is practiced within a strict framework and governed by restrictive rules. Even though there is technically a set alphabet for the chinese calligraphy art, there are also chinese calligraphic words. Words such as love, powerful, peace, knowledge, lucky, wisdom, faith, passion, and freedom have their own singular word in the calligraphic dictionary. Question 2:

What are the necessary supplies for writing Chinese Calligraphy and what are their uses? Necessary Supplies are:

Brush
Paper
Paperweights
Desk Pad
Ink/Inkstick
Inkstone
Seal/Seal Paste Specific types of paper are preferred by most calligraphy artists. It can be made with various materials including rice, bamboo, hemp, wheat, or one of the many other options. Traditional writing implement in East Asian Calligraphy. The body of the brush can be made from bamboo, red sandalwood, glass, ivory, silver, or gold. The head of the brush can be made from fur or feathers from animals such as weasel, rabbit, deer, chicken, duck, goat, pig, tiger, etc. There is also a tradition in China of making a brush using the hair of a newborn, as once-in-a-lifetime souvenir for the child. However, calligraphy brushes have a wide range of variety considering the materials and thicknesses of all of the different choices and combinations. Paperweights are used by most if not all of the calligraphists, to hold down their paper while they are writing. The paperweight is often placed at the top to hold their paper down, however, most people use their left hand on the bottom corner to hold it down as well. Paperweights come in several shapes and types: some are oblong wooden blocks carved with calligraphic or pictorial designs; others are essentially small sculptures of people or animals. This is basically a lap pad some have grids on them so when they put their paper on it they can assure themselves of the correct placement and size of their ink characters. The pads that have grids are ONLY for student artists however all pads come with a large option of size, shape, as well as color. The ink is made from soot and binders and comes in what is called inksticks. The inkstick must be rubbed on what is called an inkstone until the right consistency is created. However, pre-mixed bottles are now available to buy versus having to do the extra labor in order to get to correct consistency. However, the inksticks are considered higher quality and the bottles are normally used for practice only. Traditionally, East Asian calligraphy is written only in black ink, but modern calligraphers sometimes use other colors. Calligraphy teachers use a bright orange or red ink to practice characters on which students trace, or to correct students' work. A regular rock or ceramic made stone used to soften the inkstick into liquid ink and contain the ink until needed. Inkstones are highly prized possessions in the Chinese tradition. Calligraphic works are usually completed by the calligrapher putting his or her seal at the very end, in red ink. The seal serves the function of a signature. Question 3:

Are there multiple ‘correct’ ways of writing it? If so, what are they called? Yes, in this Chinese script, there are five correct ways of writing the Chinese Calligraphy. In the history of China, the following types are listed in chronological order: seal script, clerical script, cursive script, semi-cursive script, and regular script.
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