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Transcript of Macbeth
A Tragedy by William Shakespeare
What is a Tragic Hero?
Is Macbeth a Tragic Hero...Or Just a Tragic?
Yay or Nay?
A tragic hero is:
A character in a work of fiction (Macbeth) who commits an action or makes a mistake.
This mistake eventually leads to his or her defeat.
Literary Devices to Consider
Downfall of Macbeth due to Hamartia
Tragic Hero discovers his faults and consequences
A mighty and ambitious warrior, Macbeth is a tragic hero, with a mind of deep conscience, unable to forget his faults.
KEY WORD: TRAGEDY
What makes Macbeth A Tragic Hero?!
Macbeth fulfills the requisite elements of a Tragic Hero:
noble stature (Thane of Glamis) usually of noble birth
Macbeth is initially good. Aware of good and bad.
His downfall results from his act of injustice (hamartia)
His growing ambition and pride to kill for a position demonstrates the peak of Macbeth's downfall.
Macbeth's downfall is, however, his fault.
Causes of his downfall could be:
peer pressure and wrong influence from others (Lady Macbeth)
Human nature: the natural desire to be superior
Macbeth's punishment is not wholly deserved, where punishment exceeds the crime.
Shakespeare's tragedy does NOT intend for the hero to get what they deserve, but to be saddened by the waste of human potential.
Despite his error in judgement, he must make them for his grand stature.
At the beginning of the play, Macbeth is aware of good morals and conduct. The thought of killing Duncan taunts him.
Implanted with the foretold prophecies of the three Witches, he is led to his downfall by his wife, Lady Macbeth, and his growing yearn for superiority.
Once gained, Macbeth is not satisfied as King.
Macbeth's final soliloquy evidently displays his knowledge of his wrong doings, his lesson learned, and the recognition for his loss.
He lives to learn his faults, and accepts them. His gained understanding of his defeat arouse sympathy for the tragic hero - who's great intention was to fulfill his prophecy as king.
"Present fears / Are less than horrible imaginings. / My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical, / Shakes so my single state of man."
- Begins to think about murdering Duncan after hearing the prophesies of the witches. However, still has his morals.
"What beast was't, then, / That made you break this enterprise to me? / When you durst do it, then you were a man"
- Lady Macbeth begins to influence Macbeth.
"Then, prophet-like, / They hailed him father to a line of kings. / Upon my head they placed a fruitless crown / And put a barren scepter in my grip, / Thence to be wrenched with an unlineal hand, / No son of mine suceeding."
- Once achieved, the title as "king" serves no meaning to him.
"To leave no rubs nor botches in the work- / Fleance, his son, that keeps him company"
"Give to th' edge o' th' sword / His wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls / That trace him in his line."
- Macbeth plans the deaths of Banquo, Fleance, and everyone in Macduff's castle including his wife and son.
-Symbolizes his ambitious trait.
Bianca Balut, Karen Nguyen, Sam Tapdasan, & Tyrus Rehanek
"What he hath lost, noble Macbeth hath won."
- In the beginning Macbeth is noble given the title Thane of Cawdor.
"He shall spurn fate, scorn death, and bear / His hopes 'bove wisdom, grace, and fear. / And you all know, security / Is mortals' chiffest enemy"
-Macbeth thinks he will be able to change his own fate.
"Yet I will try the last. Before my body, / I throw my warlike shield "
-He realizes his failure and knows it is too late.
Hectate tells us Macbeth will be over-ambitious.