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Transcript of Maria Montessori
Project Montessori's Family Maria and her parents got along greatly. She specially got along with her dad, Alessandro Montessori, even though they disagreed about her continuing her studies because it was unusual in that time. and the Montessori System -"Google." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. Not much is know about Renilde Stoppani, the mother of Maria, except that she may have related to Antonio Stoppani. Education Maria moved from Chiaravalle to Florence and then to Rome due to her father job as a an official of the Ministry of Finance .She entered elementary at the age of 6, but her grades were not memorable. Still, she won good behavior awards. Elementary Secondary School (Middle School) Maria enrolled at Regia Scuola Tecnica Michelangelo Buonarroti at the age of 13. There she learned Italian, arithmetic (math), algebra, geometry, accounting, history, geography, and different branches of science. She graduated with good grades. High School At the age of 16 she began studying at Regio Istituto Tecnico Leonardo da Vinci and studied many subjects among them were Italian, mathematics, history, many different sciences, and two foreign languages. She first wanted to study engineering, but when she received an award at math and science, she decided to study medicine instead. -"File:Maria Montessori1913.jpg." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. University of Rome Maria kept her dream of studying medicine. In 1890, she began studying medicine at the University of Rome. In 1892, she passed the following subjects: botany, zoology, experimental physics, histology, anatomy, general and organic chemistry and earned a diploma of license. This degree, along with other studies allowed her to get into the medical program of that University in 1893.The other medical students there acted unfriendly due to her gender. She had to work after class because it was inappropriate for her to be in a class of boys and study a naked body. The smell of formaldehyde (a gas used to preserve corpses) was very disgusting, so she smoked tobacco to hide the odor. In her first year she won an academic prize which secured a place as a hospital assistant, thus, earning early medical experience. In her last two years she studied pediatrics and psychiatry,, and became an expert in pediatric medicine. she graduated in 1895, and
her thesis was published the year after. The Montessori Teaching System - "Google." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. - "The Free Automatic Bibliography and Citation Maker."
EasyBib. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. - "Google." Www.Google.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb.
The Montessori Teaching System
is mostly about letting children work freely and teachers supervising their work. Tools are used like the ones below to work on problems. The one on the top left corner of the picture is used for the times table. The red cubes are used to compare the size of things and develop the mind Important Dates in Dr. Montessori's Life August 31, 1870
Maria Montessori is born in Chieravalle, Italy 1870 1896 Dr. Montessori got a degree which qualified her to assist a medical program of that university (University of Rome). 1897 1899-
1900 1952 Montessori Died on May 6, 1952 of a cerebral hemorrhage at the age of 81. She got buried in Noordwijk aan Zee, the Netherlands. -"Dr. Maria Montessori's Time Line." Montessori Education (UK) LTD. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2013. <http://www.montessorieducationuk.org/?q=who-was-maria-montessori/maria-montessoris-time-line/maria-montessori-time-line>. 1890-92 Dr. Montessori started to make a name for her self by publishing books nationally and internationally, and traveling, studying and giving speeches in different parts of the world. March 31, 1898, Maria gave birth to her only child Mario Montessori who lived from March 31, 1898 to 1982, but gave him up for foster care. Dr. Montessori started applying her methods of teaching to mentally normal children in a school inside an apartment building. It was soon a success and 1 more was made. 1915-
1936 The Montessori teaching system was recognized worldwide and was planned to be used in many countries. The Montessori teaching system was no longer supported by the government and it was "frozen" until a new government stepped in, but war made her move out of Italy permanently. 1909-12 Dr. Montessori worked in the University's clinic and visited other "asylums" in the city of Rome. 1898 Dr. Montessori joined the newly created National League for the Protection of Retarded Children (NLPRC). One year later the NLPRC opened an Orthophrenic school for teachers to learn how to teach mentally disabled kids. She was co-director. Sixty-four teachers enrolled the first year. The Montessori Teaching System was adapted from her work but can now deal with children without mental conditions. Montessori's Work With Children When Dr. Montessori graduated from the University, she started working in its psychiatric clinic as an assistant. She visited other mental hospitals for her work for her work.
A few years later in 1907, she was invited to teach mentally normal children in apartments of a family with low income. There were about 50 to 60 children that enrolled either 2 or 3 years old and 6 or 7 years old. At first, the classroom was composed of with the teacher's table with blackboard, a stove, small chairs with group tables for the children, and a locked cabinet for the materials that Montessori had made at the Orthophrenic School. Her school was soon a success and a second was made.
In the beginnings 1909 her teaching method was recognized. Her teaching method was officially used in public schools of Italy and the Netherlands and was planned to be used in the U.K. By 1912, Montessori schools had opened in Paris and many other Western European cities, and were planned for Argentina, Australia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Switzerland, Syria, the United States, and New Zealand. 1907 -Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 06 Mar.