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Quick and Dirty SEEDS 101

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by

Leah Wagner

on 22 February 2017

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Transcript of Quick and Dirty SEEDS 101

with leah wagner
sow what?
Healthier Plants
Better Varieties
More Control
Less Expensive
simple seed saving for the
everyday home gardener
Quick and Dirty SEEDS 101
Open-Pollinated:
Produced through traditional breeding methods using simple home techniques.
OP, Landrace, Heirloom

Hybrid:
Produced by crossing two inbred genetic lines to create a superior variety.
F1, F2

Genetically Modified:
Produced by having DNA engineered in a laboratory. This can include splicing in genetic material from other scientific kingdoms.
GM, GMO, GE
Growing from Seed
Sourcing Good Seed
Seeds are food security at
its source.
Since 1906, we have lost nearly 96% of the diversity in our food supply. Currently, 12 plant crops equal 75% of the food consumed worldwide

Homegrown seed
Food Security
Traditional Knowledge
Sustainability
Bio-regional Adaptability

Climate
Relevant
open-
pollinated
Farm-
direct
Grow only one variety.
Maintain isolation distances.
Use bagging and caging techniques.
Simple germination tests can be done at home to test the viability of your seed.
Seeds should be stored in a dark, dry place under 45F.
keep it simple
The questions
1. What is my plant family?

we can cross pollinate!
Brassica Oleracea
Eruca sativa
we can't!
2. Am i an annual or biennial seed producer?
I produce seed
every year
I take two seasons
to produce seed
4. Do i have perfect or imperfect flowers?
boy parts
Girl parts
3. Am I monoecious or dioecious?
The perfect flower
There is separate
boy spinach and
girl spinach
dioecious
monoecious
male and female flowers are on the same plant
3. Do insects or wind move my pollen?
the wind carries my pollen over 2 miles
insects can carry my
pollen nearly one mile
5. Do I produce a seed pod or fruiting body?
seed pod
fruit
Bagging
Caging
grow true seed
Follow minimum planting requirements
Reintroduce new seeds if signs of inbreeding depression occur
Sacrifice your best plants and fruit
Select for
desirable traits
Rogue for negative traits or any signs of disease
wet processing
dry processing
Preserving for Next Season
Wet processing takes seeds
through a week-long fermentation
process to clean fruit material off the seed.
Dry processing involves threshing and winnowing the chaff of the plant to separate out the seed.
haste makes waste
"Whoever could make two ears of corn, or two blades of grass, to grow upon a spot of ground where only one grew before, would deserve better of mankind, and do more essential service to his country, than the whole race of politicians put together."

- Jo
nathan Swift, Gulliver's Travels
www.foundroot.com
questions, comments, concerns?
keep in touch:
www.facebook.com/Foundroot
instagram.com/foundroot
twitter.com/FoundrootSeeds

big ag Discovers seeds
US Patent and Trade Office begins seed distribution
program

First commercial seed crop becomes available

American Seed Trade is formed

US Patent and Trade Office had an annual distribution of 1.1 billion seed packets.

Seed distribution programs is eliminated after 40 years of lobbying by the ASTA
1850
1866
1883
1897
1924
Lettuce
pea
Pepper
tomato
Full transcript