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Sonoran Desert

Our amazing project about awesomeness

Sean Gade

on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of Sonoran Desert

By: Sean Gade, Matteo Cugliari, Alexxa Duguay & Carissa Gobbi. The Sonoran Desert GEOGRAPHY The Sonoran Desert is located in the Southwest part of North America. It’s the largest and hottest desert in North America. The Sonoran Desert covers large parts of Arizona, California, Northwest Mexico and Baja California Sur. In total, this desert has an area of 311 000 km. WEATHER PLANTS ANIMALS The Barrel cactus can be easily distinguished from other cacti. The cactus usually reaches from around five to eleven feet tall, and at that height it is one of the largest cacti in the North American deserts. The cactus is covered with dangerously sharp 3-4 inch spines. The barrel cactus is also a flowering plant. It has rings of yellow-green or red blossoms at its top. The chain fruit cholla is a shrubby cactus. The vines are covered with a dense layer of sharp spines which when the plant matures they change from a yellow to a gray. The vines act as a sunlight protector for animals and plants. This plant can grow to a height of 15 feet, and they can be up to 6 feet across. The hedgehog cactus has clusters of three spines along its ribs. Each spine can be 2 to 3 inches long.
The stems of this Crimson hedgehog are
shorter and more tightly packed together than other hedgehog cacti.
The flowers are a beautiful deep red, with many petals that form the shape of a cup. The fruits are red, and edible. The flowers bloom from April through June, and are the first to bloom in the desert. The Soaptree Yucca is a tall 10-18 foot plant with palm treelike leaves. These leaves are at the base of the plant. They are very similar to those of a palm tree except the palm trees leaves pop out and the Yucca trees leaves almost fold in. The stalk shoots up and small white flowers cover the top. During the summer the fruit of the plant goes into a brown bag and then splits and black seeds come out. The bark of velvet mesquite is reddish-brown and smooth when young. On older trees the bark becomes gray-brown, rough, thick, and shredded into long, narrow strips. Leaves grow alternately on the branch. 3-6 inches long, and pointed. The flowers are yellow-green, drooping about 2-3 inches long. In summer this tree looks very beautiful. Rain The Sonoran desert has 4 seasons just as we do, but only 2 rain seasons, 1 in the summer & 1 in the winter. It only rains an average 12cm-40cm a year. Seasons coyotes Temperature coyotes coyotes can grow up to be 4 feet long and weigh 30 pounds. They eat other animals such as rabbits, deer and sheep musk hog Musk hogs look like a bigger sized pig. They can grow up to 5 feet long and up to 60 pounds. They eat stuff like mushrooms, fruit like berries and fllowers. This hog is the only type of wild pig in north America roadrunner Roadrunners are not what most of u think they are not a BIG bird that runs from a coyote. They only grow up to 56cm long. They mostly eat bugs and small reptiles but they also like parts of the cactus desert bighorn sheep The bighorn are something you call a ruminants witch means they can digest stuff like grass, leafs and other plants. the females can grow to be 1.5 meters long and the males can grow up to almost 2 metres long sonoran toad The male toad during the spring time attract the female toad so they can mate at one time the female toad can lay up to 8000 eggs after 2-12 day all the eggs will have hatched and there will be 8000 tadpoles. Summer = 48+ degrees C. Fall= 21-35 degrees C. Winter= 4-21 degrees C. Spring= 10-27 degrees C. These temperatures are all quite hot, & during the day but at night the temperature can go as low 0 degrees C. Spring= February - April Summer=May - Mid-September Fall= Mid-September - November Winter= December & January The best time to visit the Sonoran Desert is in the fall, because the temperature is not too hot or too cool.
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