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National Growth and Expansion

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by

Jerrid Harris

on 21 October 2013

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Transcript of National Growth and Expansion

Standard 6a - 6e
Territorial Expansion and Population Growth
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
-One of the first "Land Laws" in American History
- Established a Process for Future Statehood
- Prohibited Slavery
- Mandated Free and Public Education
- Provided fair treatment for Native Americans

RESULTED IN THE MASSIVE MIGRATION OF AMERICANS INTO THE WEST
LOUISIANA PURCHASE
WAR OF 1812
NEW YORK AND THE ERIE CANAL
- Finished in 1825...it connected New York with the Great Lakes

MAJOR RESULTS
- Westward Migration of Americans
- New towns and cities
- Population and Commerce booms in New York
- led to the invention of the Steam Boat by Robert Fulton
- Gave birth to the "American System" and Henry Clay's political career
- Largest land acquisition in American History (2x American size)
- Jefferson was conflicted about purchasing the land...due to his party ideologies
- Corps of Discovery
- Lewis and Clark survey the land for its resources and Native American presence

RESULTS IN THE MASSIVE MIGRATION OF AMERICANS INTO THE WEST
AP Extension
- The "Revolution of 1800"
- nickname for Jefferson's Election in 1800
- Marbury v. Madison (James)
- refuted the "Midnight Judges"
- established "Judicial Review"
- Tripolitan War
- American Navy/Marines is sent to fight pirates in North Africa
- Embargo Act of 1807
- Jefferson's attempt at diplomatic solution to French Revolution...fails horribly...replaced by Non-Intercourse Act of 1809
- Known as the 2nd American Revolution
Causes
- British Impressment and Harassment
- The Chesapeake Affair
Course
- Naval battles in Great Lakes (losses)
- William Henry Harrison
- Washington D.C. is burned (loss)
- Francis Scott Key writes Star Spangled Banner
- Battle of New Orleans (Victory!!!)
- Andrew Jackson
Consequences
RESULTS IN AMERICAN NATIONALISM
AP EXTENSION
- War Hawks
- younger, newly elected congressmen that wanted to go to war against Britain in 1812
- Significant Battles during war of 1812
- Battle of Tippecanoe
- Battle of Fort McHenry
- Battle of New Orleans
- Treaty of Ghent
- ended War of 1812, reinforced American independence
- Hartford Convention
- killed Federalist party
- Rush-Bagot Agreement
- left American-Canadian border deilitarized
AP EXTENSION
- Era of Good Feelings
- James Monroe's Presidency
- Only 1 Party
- Heightened Nationalism in America
- Tariff of 1816
- First Tariff in American History
- raised rates to 25%
- Panic of 1819
- First "Panic" in American History
- caused by OVER-SPECULATION of land value in the West
- National Bank foreclosed numerous farms and homes in the West
THE MONROE DOCTRINE
- America's First Foreign Policy
- James Monroe delivered the speech in 1823 following a near war between American and Russia in the Oregon Terrtory
- Major Points
- Non-Colonization - no more European nations were allowed to colonize in the Western Hemisphere
- Non-Intervention - no more European nations were allowed to interfere in any way in the western hemisphere, even if problems arose within their former colonies
AP EXTENSION
(John) Marshall Courts
- All will achieve a Federalist Agenda within the Supreme Court System
- Marbury v. Madison
- established Judicial Review
- McCullough v. Maryland
- National Bank is constitutional and CAN tax
- States must obey
- Cohens v. Virginia
- reinforced "Judicial Review" of States Court decision
- Gibbons v. Ogden
- Congress alone has control of interstate commerce
- Fletcher v. Peck
- States CANNOT impair contracts
- Dartmouth College v. Woodward
- States CANNOT impair contracts
- Florida Purchase Treaty
- The U.S. acquires Florida from the Spanish...mostly due to Andrew Jackson

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