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Social Studies

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Josh O'Neal

on 6 May 2010

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Transcript of Social Studies

Chapter 13 sec. 1-4 Section 1 Many men that went up into the mountains were known as Mountain Men. Along with them were Jedediah Smith and Jim Beckwourth. Their legened said they were independant loners when most of their trades were economically connected to the businessmen who bought their furs. The Mountain Men and the Rendezvous Mountain Men open the West During this time trappers worked the streams so much that it killed almost all the animals. So they moved out to find new streams. That is how people found trails to move west. One of the trails they traveled was called South Pass. It was wide and less steep. The Lure of the West people were moving west for several reasons some to get away from debt while others were looking for better land to farm. The Trail to Santa Fe Trappers' moved west to find markets. After Mexico gained independance, they opened their borders to all American traders. Which led to the Santa Fe Trail. Oregon Fever This was when settelers moved west along the Oregon Trail. This trail ran from Independance, Missouri to Oregon Territory. Section 2 Spanish Texas The spanish land called Tejas bordered the United States territory called Louisiana. The land was rich and desirable. It had forests in the east, rich soil for growing corn and cotton, and great grassy plains for grazing animals. Mexican Independence Changes Texas After Stephan Austin arrived in Texas in 1821 Mexico won their inependance from spain making Tejas their home and part of Mexico. Rising Tensions in Texas
As more americans settled in Texas the tensions between them and the Tejanonos incresed. Texans Revolt Against Mexico When Mexico put Stephan in jail, this made the Americans in Texas at the time outraged. So they did what the letter said and revolted. This battle is now known as the Battle of the Alamo. The fight for the Alamo On March 1st and 2nd, of 1836, Texans met at
Washington-on-the-Brazos to decide what to do about Santa Anna and his troops. Sam Houston the only man at the meeting with military experience, was placed in commanded of the Texas army. On the 13th day Santa Anna ordered about 2000 men to charge into the fortress. The Texans were there to meet them with cannons and gun fire. At day's end all but five Texans were dead. The Battle of the Alamo was finished. Section 3 Americans Support manifest destiny The abundance of land in the West seemed to hold great promise for Americans. Although with populated Native Americans and Mexicans, those lands were viewed by white settelers as unoccupied. Many Americans wanted to settle those lands. TRoubles in mexico Polk had a good reason of avoiding war with Britain over Oregon. By 1846, he had much bigger troubles brewing in Mexico over Texas/Tejas. Capturing New Mexico and California Not long after the war began, General Stephan Kearny a U.S Army officer and his men left Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He had orders to occupy New Mexico. John C. Fremont rebelled against Mexican rule in the Bear Flag Revolt. Section 4 Before the Gold Rush Before the rush California Most of california was populated by Californios (people from Spanish and Mexican Decent) and Native Americans. one Californio Mariano Vallejo who owned 250,000 acres of land. Rush for gold During the California gold rush lots of people came to california. Pushing the Californios and Native Americans out of California. Life In the Mining Camps Every day people where killed, hung, and whipped out of greed and anger. miners from around the world Most of the miners were Americans, Californios, and Native Americans. Others were Chinese, slaves, free blacks, and Mexicans.
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