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Nazi Rise To Power Timeline

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Tiana Patillo

on 8 November 2012

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Transcript of Nazi Rise To Power Timeline

April 20th 1889 Adolf Hitler is Born Hitler was born in Austria but at the age of three moved to Germany with his family. Even though he was Austrian-born, Hitler took extreme pride in German nationalism from a very young age. There are rumors that his mother and father are possibly cousins but no one has been able to prove it for sure. In 1894 his family once again relocated which caused conflicts between him and his father. Hitler also began losing interest in school and became harder to work with when his father wouldn’t accept his dream of becoming an architect. Once his mother died in 1903 Hitler’s performance at school deteriorated immensely. Hitler dropped out at the age of 17. Later on in 1907 and 1908 Hitler was rejected from The Academy of Fine Arts Vienna twice. Fall of 1905 - May 1913 Hitler lives in Vienna Hitler lived a bohemian life in Vienna, financed by orphan’s benefits and support from his mother. He sold watercolors and postcards for work. In 1907 and 1908 Hitler applied to the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna but was rejected both times. With nowhere else to go, Hitler lived as a homeless man in various shelters. July 28 1914 The First World War Begins Hitler was a resident of Munich at the outbreak of the war. He volunteered to serve in the Bavarian Army as an Austrian citizen. He served as dispatch runner on the Western Front in France and Belgium. By the end of the war Hitler will be sent to spy on a small group called the National Socialists German Workers’ Party, aka the Nazi party. November 7 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia This Revolution took place in Petrograd, Russia and stemmed off of the February Revolution. The provisional government at the time was very weak and unpopular. Once it was attacked, nobody was prepared to defend it. There was also a slogan ‘Peace, Bread, Land, and All Power to the Soviets’ that was heard frequently promised from the Bolshevik party. November 11 1918 Armistice Ends First World War This was an agreement that ended the fighting in the First World War and marked a victory for the Allies and a complete defeat for Germany. German propaganda had not prepared the nation for defeat, resulting in a sense of injured German national pride. The created the “stab in the back” theory because many Germans felt that technically they had not lost the war. January 4 - January 15 1919 Spartacist Uprising This was a General strike in Germany that marked the end of the German Revolution. Several workers spontaneously seized the editorial office of one newspaper in Berlin and erected barricades on the streets. This attracted more workers who blocked further streets in the newspaper quarter. June 28 1919 Treaty of Versailles signed This treaty officially ended World War I. Germany was required to accept responsibility for causing the war and under the terms of articles 231-248 to disarm, give up territories, and pay heavy reparations to certain countries. This infuriated Hitler, who was devastated when Germany surrendered and accepted the terms of the treaty. He blamed the Jews and communists for losing the war, and aspired to rebuild Germany into a world power. August 11 1919 Creation of the Weimar Republic Following World War I, the republic was emerging from the German Revolution. A national assembly got together in the city of Weimar, where a new constitution for the German Reich was written. It was given the name “Weimar” because it was the city where the constitutional assembly took place. Late September 1919 Hitler Joins German Workers' Party On September 12th 1919 Hitler was ordered by the army to spy on the DAP. While there, he got into a violent argument with one guest. Anton Drexler was impressed with Hitler’s speaking skills, handed him a 40 page pamphlet, and asked him to join the party. After some thinking, Hitler left the army and accepted the invitation in late September. January 1920 Kapp Putsch Fails Led by Dr. Wolfgang Kapp, the Kapp Putsch was aimed at overthrowing the Weimar Republic. It failed because once they took control of Berlin and attempted to establish a new government, the strike brought the city to a total standstill. All public services were halted such as the post, transport, and telephone lines. Due to lack of cooperation with the people of Berlin and lack of communication between the citizens and the Kapp government, it failed. July 29 1921 Hitler becomes head of the NSDAP Hitler joined the small German Workers’ Party in 1919 and rose to leadership through his emotional and captivating speeches by 1921. He encouraged national pride, militarism, and commitment to a racially “pure” Germany. October 22 - 29 1922 Fascist Party's March on
Rome installs Benito Mussolini
as Italian Prime Minister Mussolini was inspired greatly by the Roman Empire. He considered this to be a time of strength and prosperity. Therefore he wanted to recreate that time. He was successful sworn in as Prime Minister. Back in Germany Hitler was in awe of what Mussolini was able to accomplish and wanted to do the same in his country. Mussolini was Hitler’s inspiration. January 1923 Ruhr Crisis Begins After World War I, the Treaty of Versailles required Germany to pay $33 billion in reparations. Germany didn’t have that type of money, so France and Belgium invaded the Ruhr region, taking all the goods that were produced. The German government encouraged the workers to go on strike and began printing out money to give the citizens who were striking. Over time this brought the value of the German mark down and led to hyperinflation, essentially making the mark worthless. Many Germans were desperate and ready to support extremists’ parties such as the Nazis. November 9 1923 Beer Hall Putsch fails This was Adolf Hitler’s failed attempt at an armed overthrow of local authorities in Munich. Hitler was thrown in jail and charged with high treason. Hitler used the courtroom at his public trial as a propaganda platform arguing against the Weimar Republic. The right-wing judges sympathized with Hitler and only sentenced him to five years in prison. Hitler ended up being released after just one year for good behavior. August 1924 Dawes Plan Adopted Dawes Plan Adopted This plan was put in place to help Germany pay off their war debt. It was a staggered payment plan. Germany was suffering deeply from hyperinflation at the time. This plan was put in place to help Germany pay off their war debt. It was a staggered payment plan. Germany was suffering deeply from hyperinflation at the time. December 20 1924 Hitler released from Prison;
Rebuilds Nazi Party Hitler was released from Landsberg Prison after serving just nine months of his five year sentence. After his release he felt that he had to rebuild and organization that could take power legally. Now he was just waiting for the opportune time to gain political power. July 18 1925 Hitler publishes Mein Kamf Hitler wrote this book, detailing his radical ideas of German nationalism, anti-Semitism, and anti-Bolshevism, during his time spent in prison. It combined elements of autobiography with an exposition of Hitler’s political ideology. This book became the ideological base for the Nazi Party’s racist beliefs and murderous practices. October 29 1929 Black Tuesday begins the Great Depression The Great Depression brought about worldwide economic, social, and psychological consequences. The Weimar democracy was unable to cope during this period. Unemployment went from just three million to six million by 1932. Paul von Hindenburg, the president, created a new government, made up of a chancellor and cabinet ministers, to rule by emergency decrees instead of by laws. This began the demise of the Weimar democracy. By September 1930, there were new elections and the Nazi Party was able to win an important victory, capturing 18.3% of the vote to make it the second largest party in the Reichstag. January 1930 Young Plan adopted This was a program for the settlement of German reparations debts after World War I. After the Dawes Plan was put in place in 1924 it became clear that Germany couldn’t meet the huge annual payments. The Young plan would set the total reparations at 112 billion Gold Marks, when at the time equaled about $8 billion. The money was set to be paid over 59 years with the equivalent of $473 million paid each year. January 1933 Hindenburg appoints Hitler as Chancellor of Weimar Republic Hindenburg personally opposed Hitler. He was persuaded to run for re-election in 1932 because he was the only candidate who could defeat Adolf Hitler. Hindenburg initially appointed him as Chancellor to keep an eye on him. Hindenburg believed in keeping his friends close and enemies closer. February 27 1933 Reichstag Fire This was an arson attack on the Reichstag building in Berlin. After police conducted a thorough search inside the building, they found Marinus Van der Lubbe, a council communist and unemployed bricklayer who had recently arrived in Germany, supposedly there to carry out political activities. The fire was used as evidence by the Nazis that the Communists were beginning a plot against the german government. Van der Lubbe and four Communist leaders were arrested. March 22 1933 Dachau Opens Opening just 51 days after Hitler took power, it was the first regular concentration camp established by the Nazi Party. Located in Dachau, Germany, it was considered by Heinrich Himmler to be "the first concentration camp for political prisoners." March 23 1933 Enabling Act passed This was a law that made Hitler dictator of Nazi Germany. It was signed by President Hindenburg. July 14 1933 The Nazis disband all other political parties On this day, the Nazi government officially declared itself the only political party i Germany and outlawed the formation of any other parties. The Nazi government passed the Law Against the establishment of Parties. Jun 30 - July 2 1934 Night of the Long Knives This was a purge that took place in Nazi Germany when the Nazi regime carried out a series of political murders. Many people killed were leaders of the Sturmabteilung (SA), the paramilitary brownshirts. At least 85 people died during the purge, but no one is sure of the exact number August 2 1934 Death of President Hindenbug; Hitler combines chancellorship with presidency to become Fuhrer of Germany Hindenburg died from lung cancer at his home in Neudeck, East Prussia. When Hitler found out Hindenburg was on his deathbed on August 1st, he had the cabinet pass a law that would merge the presidency with the office of Chancellor under the title of Fuhrer. Just two hours after Hindenburg’s death, it was announced that as a result of this law, Hitler was now both Chancellor and President of Germany. This also made it so that Hitler couldn’t legally be removed from office. THE END !!
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