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Nazi Rise To Power Timeline
Transcript of Nazi Rise To Power Timeline
Rome installs Benito Mussolini
as Italian Prime Minister Mussolini was inspired greatly by the Roman Empire. He considered this to be a time of strength and prosperity. Therefore he wanted to recreate that time. He was successful sworn in as Prime Minister. Back in Germany Hitler was in awe of what Mussolini was able to accomplish and wanted to do the same in his country. Mussolini was Hitler’s inspiration. January 1923 Ruhr Crisis Begins After World War I, the Treaty of Versailles required Germany to pay $33 billion in reparations. Germany didn’t have that type of money, so France and Belgium invaded the Ruhr region, taking all the goods that were produced. The German government encouraged the workers to go on strike and began printing out money to give the citizens who were striking. Over time this brought the value of the German mark down and led to hyperinflation, essentially making the mark worthless. Many Germans were desperate and ready to support extremists’ parties such as the Nazis. November 9 1923 Beer Hall Putsch fails This was Adolf Hitler’s failed attempt at an armed overthrow of local authorities in Munich. Hitler was thrown in jail and charged with high treason. Hitler used the courtroom at his public trial as a propaganda platform arguing against the Weimar Republic. The right-wing judges sympathized with Hitler and only sentenced him to five years in prison. Hitler ended up being released after just one year for good behavior. August 1924 Dawes Plan Adopted Dawes Plan Adopted This plan was put in place to help Germany pay off their war debt. It was a staggered payment plan. Germany was suffering deeply from hyperinflation at the time. This plan was put in place to help Germany pay off their war debt. It was a staggered payment plan. Germany was suffering deeply from hyperinflation at the time. December 20 1924 Hitler released from Prison;
Rebuilds Nazi Party Hitler was released from Landsberg Prison after serving just nine months of his five year sentence. After his release he felt that he had to rebuild and organization that could take power legally. Now he was just waiting for the opportune time to gain political power. July 18 1925 Hitler publishes Mein Kamf Hitler wrote this book, detailing his radical ideas of German nationalism, anti-Semitism, and anti-Bolshevism, during his time spent in prison. It combined elements of autobiography with an exposition of Hitler’s political ideology. This book became the ideological base for the Nazi Party’s racist beliefs and murderous practices. October 29 1929 Black Tuesday begins the Great Depression The Great Depression brought about worldwide economic, social, and psychological consequences. The Weimar democracy was unable to cope during this period. Unemployment went from just three million to six million by 1932. Paul von Hindenburg, the president, created a new government, made up of a chancellor and cabinet ministers, to rule by emergency decrees instead of by laws. This began the demise of the Weimar democracy. By September 1930, there were new elections and the Nazi Party was able to win an important victory, capturing 18.3% of the vote to make it the second largest party in the Reichstag. January 1930 Young Plan adopted This was a program for the settlement of German reparations debts after World War I. After the Dawes Plan was put in place in 1924 it became clear that Germany couldn’t meet the huge annual payments. The Young plan would set the total reparations at 112 billion Gold Marks, when at the time equaled about $8 billion. The money was set to be paid over 59 years with the equivalent of $473 million paid each year. January 1933 Hindenburg appoints Hitler as Chancellor of Weimar Republic Hindenburg personally opposed Hitler. He was persuaded to run for re-election in 1932 because he was the only candidate who could defeat Adolf Hitler. Hindenburg initially appointed him as Chancellor to keep an eye on him. Hindenburg believed in keeping his friends close and enemies closer. February 27 1933 Reichstag Fire This was an arson attack on the Reichstag building in Berlin. After police conducted a thorough search inside the building, they found Marinus Van der Lubbe, a council communist and unemployed bricklayer who had recently arrived in Germany, supposedly there to carry out political activities. The fire was used as evidence by the Nazis that the Communists were beginning a plot against the german government. Van der Lubbe and four Communist leaders were arrested. March 22 1933 Dachau Opens Opening just 51 days after Hitler took power, it was the first regular concentration camp established by the Nazi Party. Located in Dachau, Germany, it was considered by Heinrich Himmler to be "the first concentration camp for political prisoners." March 23 1933 Enabling Act passed This was a law that made Hitler dictator of Nazi Germany. It was signed by President Hindenburg. July 14 1933 The Nazis disband all other political parties On this day, the Nazi government officially declared itself the only political party i Germany and outlawed the formation of any other parties. The Nazi government passed the Law Against the establishment of Parties. Jun 30 - July 2 1934 Night of the Long Knives This was a purge that took place in Nazi Germany when the Nazi regime carried out a series of political murders. Many people killed were leaders of the Sturmabteilung (SA), the paramilitary brownshirts. At least 85 people died during the purge, but no one is sure of the exact number August 2 1934 Death of President Hindenbug; Hitler combines chancellorship with presidency to become Fuhrer of Germany Hindenburg died from lung cancer at his home in Neudeck, East Prussia. When Hitler found out Hindenburg was on his deathbed on August 1st, he had the cabinet pass a law that would merge the presidency with the office of Chancellor under the title of Fuhrer. Just two hours after Hindenburg’s death, it was announced that as a result of this law, Hitler was now both Chancellor and President of Germany. This also made it so that Hitler couldn’t legally be removed from office. THE END !!