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Dagohoy's Revolt

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ines singidas

on 15 December 2013

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Transcript of Dagohoy's Revolt

Dagohoy's Revolt
Bust of Dagohoy
Introduction
Dagohoy's Revolt was led by Inabanga's cabeza de barangay, Francisco Sendrijas (alias Dagohoy, concatenation of the Bisayan phrase, Dagon sa huyuhoy or talisman of the breeze)

The revolt took place in Bohol
Some Causes
The revolt was NOT a religious conflict

Like most of the early revolts, Dagohoy's Revolt was caused by the injustices of the Spanish colonial government (forced labor, oppression, excessive tax collection, bandala, and payment of tributes)
Immediate Cause
The uprising started on January 24, 1744 with the killing of the Italian Jesuit curate of Jagna, Father Guiseppe Lamberti

Not long after, Dagohoy killed Father Morales
Killing Morales
Father Gaspar Morales, the Jesuit curate of Inabanga, refused to give Dagohoy's brother, Sagarino Sendrijo, a Christian burial

So Dagohoy killed Father Morales and rebelled against the Spanish colonial government and their injustices and abuses
Refusal to Give Burial
Father Morales, ordered Sagarino, a constable, to capture a man who abandoned his abandoned his Christian religion

Sagarino pursued the fugitive, but the latter resisted and killed him
Refusal to Give Burial
Morales refused to give Sagarino a Christian burial because he had died in a duel and this was banned by the Church

Sagarino also did not receive the last rites or the sacrament of extreme unction, hence, giving him a Christian burial was contrary to religious practices at that time
Dagohoy's Reaction
When Dagohoy learned about his brother's death, he looked for his body, brought the remains back and placed the corpse in front of the Church to change Morales's mind

When Morales, continued to refuse a burial for Sagarino, Dagohoy eventually buried him and vowed to correct the wrong done to him
Organizing the Revolt
In the process of correcting the wrong done to Sagarino, Dagohoy stopped paying tribute to the Spaniards and refused to render the required "forced" labor

He also called upon relatives, friends and residents to do the same, and he instigated the people to rise in arms
Uprise Against Spain
The uprising started in January 1744 with the killing of the Father Lamberti and Father Morales, and soon after, the rebellion swept over the entire island
Bishop's Reaction
In vain, the Bishop of Cebu, Miguel Lino de Espeleta, tried to calm down the situation and restore Spanish rule

However, Dagohoy defeated the Spanish and Filipino forces sent against him
Proclaiming Freedom
3000 Boholanos joined Dagohoy's rebellion

Dagohoy established a free government in the mountains of Talibon and Inabanga, and with his followers, was able to control much of the island

His 3000 followers soon became 20,000
Dagohoy's Death
It is unknown when and how he died

It is probable that he died of old age or sickness a little before or after the 1800s

What is certain is that the revolution did not end with his death
Revolt's Continuation
Even after Dagohoy died the revolt continued

During the first 26 years of the rebellion, 30,000 revolutionaries took place

Twenty Spanish governor-generals tried to quell the rebellion, but all of them failed
Ending the Revolt
In April 1828, three years after the arrival of Governor-General Mariano Ricafort, the Spaniards finally sent its strongest expedition

Spain probably put an end to the revolt to help save its face after its defeats from the forces of Dagohoy and its loss of colonies
Ending the Revolt
It was a hard time for Spain which was no longer a world superpower

Spain could not quell the Dagohoy revolt, and it was experiencing problems in its other colonies in the 19th century
Ending the Revolt
The revolt officially ended on Aug. 31, 1829

Manuel Sanz, commander of the Spanish forces, reported that 3000 escaped to other islands, 19,420 surrendered, 395 died in battle, and 98 were exiled
Dagohoy's Legacy
Dagohoy's Revolt is featured on Bohol's provincial flag as one of the two bolos (native swords with handle and hand-guards on top)

The town of Dagohoy, Bohol and the Dagohoy Memorial National High School are named in his honor and memory
Bohol's Flag
The bolos depict the Dagohoy and Tamblot revolts, symbolizing that "a true Boholano will rise and fight if supervening factors embroil them into something beyond reason or tolerance"
Summary
Although it was ultimately a Spanish victory, Dagohoy will always be known, not only as a good brother and a heroic man, but also as the leader of the longest Filipino insurrection on record which lasted 85 years (1744–1829)
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