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Future Time Reference in English

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by

Minjeong Son

on 9 October 2014

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Transcript of Future Time Reference in English

Simple Future
will
prediction, volition, promise, certainty, spontaneous decision
be going to + verb
- present intention/plan
- prediction with clear evidence

Present progressive
:
be V-ing
Simple Present
regular or scheduled situations/events with time adverbials
Future-Referring Expressions in English
I
will
pick you up later.
It
's going to
rain later.
I
am meeting
her for coffee tomorrow.
The train
leaves
platform five in ten minutes.
I
will be getting
on the train at five p.m.



by Minjeong Son
ILP, UiT

Future?
arrangement
(e.g., meetings, reservations, dates)
planning
prediction with or without evidence
intention or promise
I
will
carry your bag.
You
will
be a good English teacher.
I
will
call you tomorrow.
Take it. This pill
will
make you feel better.
(Who
will
clean up after the party?) I
will
(do it).
It
will
rain tomorrow.
Look at those clouds. It'
s going to

rain
soon.
(cf., It will rain tomorrow. )
I
am going to

quit
smoking this year.
I
am going to

throw
a party next month.

Future Continuous
will be V-ing

action/event in progress in future time
Be to+ verb
future actions/events arranged by someone else other than the subject (e.g., authority)
arrangement (e.g., meetings, dates, reservations)
I
am meeting
a client at that time. Can we make it later?
I
am watching
that movie with my girlfriend tonight.
The sun
rises
at 7:30 am tomorrow.
The train
leaves
at 5 pm this afternoon.
Ingrid
graduates
on the 25th. I have no idea what she is going to do after that.


The Prime Minister
is to
fly to Washington this evening.
I
am to
meet the President tomorrow.
I
will be meeting
a client at 9 am tomorrow morning.
At this time tomorrow I
will be lying
on the beach.

Different ways to express future events/actions

Teaching ideas
fortune telling/palm-reading
going on a holiday/lost in the desert -
what will you take
?
winning the lottery (
what will you do?
)
predicting what others will be like in X years.
role-play (e.g., trying to get out of the date from hell):
future continuous
making holiday/birthday party plans
planning successful future careers
....

Full transcript