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Future Time Reference in English
Transcript of Future Time Reference in English
prediction, volition, promise, certainty, spontaneous decision
be going to + verb
- present intention/plan
- prediction with clear evidence
regular or scheduled situations/events with time adverbials
Future-Referring Expressions in English
pick you up later.
's going to
her for coffee tomorrow.
platform five in ten minutes.
will be getting
on the train at five p.m.
by Minjeong Son
(e.g., meetings, reservations, dates)
prediction with or without evidence
intention or promise
carry your bag.
be a good English teacher.
call you tomorrow.
Take it. This pill
make you feel better.
clean up after the party?) I
Look at those clouds. It'
s going to
(cf., It will rain tomorrow. )
am going to
smoking this year.
am going to
a party next month.
will be V-ing
action/event in progress in future time
Be to+ verb
future actions/events arranged by someone else other than the subject (e.g., authority)
arrangement (e.g., meetings, dates, reservations)
a client at that time. Can we make it later?
that movie with my girlfriend tonight.
at 7:30 am tomorrow.
at 5 pm this afternoon.
on the 25th. I have no idea what she is going to do after that.
The Prime Minister
fly to Washington this evening.
meet the President tomorrow.
will be meeting
a client at 9 am tomorrow morning.
At this time tomorrow I
will be lying
on the beach.
Different ways to express future events/actions
going on a holiday/lost in the desert -
what will you take
winning the lottery (
what will you do?
predicting what others will be like in X years.
role-play (e.g., trying to get out of the date from hell):
making holiday/birthday party plans
planning successful future careers