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Interpersonal - Family Violence

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tito tito

on 19 May 2014

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Transcript of Interpersonal - Family Violence

Cultural Norms
family lines are based on patriarchal family structures
men have a strong sense of importance and entitlement (Lee & Au, 1998)
male violence against women in the form of physical abuses are often justified based on culturally acceptable reasons because the culture supports male supremacy and dominance over women.
China
violence against women and domestic violence are commonly reported to occur (Human Rights Watch, 1999)
face the threat of multiple forms of violence: physical and sexual abuse.
family members and state agents
poor and middle classes because of their lack of financial resources
Pakistan
• Causing physical harm to threat the other person to comprise to one's demand. (Ex. Hurting your wife to get her money)

• Sexual assaults on their offspring/partner.

• As a result of civil war, the physical/sexual assault of the opposition's wife to inflict shame.



• Domestic violence is very common, and could be easily found in everyday news.

Real life examples
Interpersonal: Family Violence
expected attitudes and behaviors in a society or culture

Preventing Violence
1. Changing social and cultural norms that support violence.
interventions that challenge social and cultural norms supportive of violence can prevent acts of violence
raise awareness of dating violence and reinforcing shared norms of non- violent behavior
2. Individual/Group Therapy
individual therapy for perpetrator
anger management courses
What is family violence?
"A pattern of behavior which involves abuse by one partner against another within a intimate relationship." This includes child abuse.
Statistics of domestic violence
Domestic violence happens all around the world.
In the U.S.
• 25% of women have experienced domestic violence.

• It is estimated that domestic violence incidents happen 960,000 times per year.

• Of all the violence, 85% Women while 15% Men

• Health costs of domestic violence is at $5.8 billion per year.

• Child abuse happens every 10 seconds. And more than four children die every day as a result of
it.
Types of violence
• Physical violence the most prominent type of violence.

• Collective violence done in the the past, however is less as of late.
Effects of (physical) domestic violence
Child Abuse

Short Term: Isolation, Physical changes, Becoming a bully, Becoming uncertain about oneself, low self image, and being exposed to drugs at a young age. Not being able to study well at school.

Long Term: Replicating the actions they faced on their own child, Bad relationship, depression, low self-esteem.





Abuse on partner

Short term: Bad relationship, Physical changes, Fear.

Long term: Separation and Poor child health.
Totten, 2003
Aim: to explore how young girlfriend abusers used violence to construct their masculinity.
Procedure:
30 abusive adolescent males from a large city in Canada
they all had pro-abusive beliefs, masculine ideals, and admitted to using violence towards their girlfriends.
average age 15.6
6 belonged to ethnic minority group, the rest were white.
many were gang members and most had dropped out of school early
researchers used semi-structured interviews to collect data
Results:
adolescent backgrounds had similar features
all exposed to violent behavior
they saw this as justified and even necessary
their fathers all had authoritarian beliefs
fathers all used violence to control family members or to defend family honor.
Duckworth, Hale, Clair, Adams (2000)

Influence of interpersonal violence and community chaos on stress reactions in children
Aim: To find and evaluate the contributions of "violent victimization, witnessed violence, and community chaos" to children.

Participant: 181 African American youths (low income)

Procedure: Analyze the problems through asking questions, covertly spectating actions, etc.

Findings: Direct victimization has a high chance of resulting in behavior problems in children, while community chaos is most predictive of post traumatic stress in children.


Crowne, Duggan, Merritt (2007)
Aim: To determine the relationship (correllation) between intimate partner violence and child problems.

Participant: 209 "at-risk" families

Procedure: Interviewed mothers near the time of a child's birth, and again when the child is one year old.

Results: Mothers who "disclosed" their information about intimate partner violence, is less likely to have a healthy child.
Dietrich & Schuett, 2013
Culture of Honor and Attitudes Toward Intimate Partner Violence in Latinos
Participants:
recruited from 3 organizations from St. Paul, Minnesota, chosen specifically for their services for the Latino population.
72 adults (45 women and 27 men)
Research suggest that high honor culture adherence may be associated with more tolerance for IPV.
Method: complete questionnaires on culture of honor and attitudes toward various aspects of IPV (attitudes toward violence itself, toward perpetrator, toward the victim, and toward victim help-seeking.
Results:
participants who adhere more to the culture of honor are more accepting of IPV, more approving of the perpetrator and less approving of seeking help.

Culture of Honor: A cultural norm where people need to maintain their reputation by not excepting improper conduct from others, such as insults.
Duluth Model
Thank you for watching our presentation.
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