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Humanistic Approach to Teaching: Student-Centered Instruction

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Amelia Jakobsen

on 2 May 2011

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Transcript of Humanistic Approach to Teaching: Student-Centered Instruction

The Humanisitc Approach to Teaching Student Centered Instruction Pays attention to the role of noncognitive variables in learning:
students' needs, emotions, values and self-perceptions. When classroom material is personally meaningul to the studetns they will be motivated to learn.
Students must understand reasons for their own behavior.
Students must believe the classroom environment supports their efforts to learn. This approach strives to help students better undestand them selves and create a positive classroom environment that activates the desire to learn. Support for the Humanistic Approach 1) Learning is influenced as much by how students feel as by how "smart" they are.
2) This approach has the support of both teachers and parents. Who came up this stuff? Abraham Maslow: Let Children Grow
Help students develop their potential by satisfying their needs
Carl Rogers: Learner-Centered Education
Establish condition that allow self-directed learning Arthur Combs: The Teacher as Facilitator
Help students develop positive self concept
Six Characteristics of Good Teachers Teaching from a Humanistic Orientation Teachers primary goal is the understand their students needs, values, motives, and self-perceptions...most importantly the teachers goal is to help the student learn Humanistic atmosphere is established in the classroom by the teacher expressing genuine interest in each student. In a humanistic setting students are more likely to openly discuss their opinions, feelings and problems with learning The teacher guides the students into the correct action, she does not "tell" them what to do. Pause & Reflect Can you recall any teachers who used the humanistic technique? Did you like these teachers? Did you feel you learned from them? Would you model yourself after these teachers? The Humanistic Model Defining the Helping Situation Exploring the Problem Developing Insight Planning and Decision Making Integration Using the Humanistic model for instruction leads to students who believe their teachers care about them as people, this results in studetns who are highly motivated and happy learners Producing happy students Happiness should be an explicit and high-priority goal of educators, happy students are proven to be more motivated learners, and have a greater sence of self-esteem, leading them to push their educational boundries and explore. What is a Happy Classroom? Satifys the physical needs of the children
Are clean and maintained, well lit and physically safe
Are those in which learning is exciting, meaningful and pleasurable
Are those in which children have an opportunity to learn through play
Avoid the use of sarcasm, humiliation and fear
Capitalize on students' interests
Foster intellectual growth
Foster development of character
Foster interpersonal growth Research on Aspects of Humanistic Education Some belive that students emotional needs are best met at home, not in the classroom setting.
Why does this do a disservice to our students? Reason 1: Teachers play an important role in helping to satisfy the need to belong, consider that almost the whole day is spent with the teacher and the other students in the classroom.
Reason 2: Positive relationships between satisfaction of the need to belong and school related outcomes:
Strong sense of competence
Stronger sense of identity
Higher expetation of success
Higher levels of achievement
Feelings of rejection or a sence that one does not belong lead to:
Behavior problems
lower interest in school
lower achievement
dropping out of school Education in Japan Japanese classrooms marked by humanistic orientation, high scores on international math and science tests. Why? Using Technology to Support Humanistic Approaches to Instruction Educational technology is becoming more learner centered. These technologies can link classroom concepts to real world expierences for the students. For example:
Hand-held computers and microcomputer laboratory equipment can allow students to depict data collected from a polluted stream or pond in their local area, encouraging them to take an interest in the environment around them.
Web conferencing with students in a different country, city or state for discussions enabling students to get opinions outside of their own.
How could you use technology to support a humanistic classroom? They are well infomed about their subject
They are sensitive to the Feelings of students and colleagues
They believe that students can learn
They have a positive self-concept
They believe in helping all students do their best
They use many different methods of instruction
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