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Elements of Art

The seven elements.

AnnaMarie Antillon

on 6 January 2016

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Transcript of Elements of Art

Elements of Art
The Elements of Art Include:
The Elements of art are important so that we can create and view art.
What is balance?
There are five main types of lines:
A shape has two dimensions, height and width.
Color is what we see because of reflected light.
Value, or tone, refers to the use of light and dark, shade and highlight, in an artwork.
LBJ Middle School Art
Why are these elements important?
Balance is when the art piece doesn't just have 1 focal point, but the focus is even throughout the art piece. If your eyes are attracted to a specific area of the picture, this means the image is not balanced.
There are 3 types of balance:
Symmetrical balance is whenever you can draw an imaginary line across the middle of the picture, (horizontal or vertical), and each side will be exactly (or almost) the same. Each side will be opposite, just as if you were staring at yourself in the mirror.
Asymmetrical balance means that there is no invisible line that can be traced in the center, but the piece still feels balanced. You must use your senses to achieve asymmetrical balance.
-Dark values are heavier than light values
-A textured form is heavier than a smooth form
-A complex form is heavier than a simple form
-Two or more smaller forms balance one large form
-A smaller darker form balances a larger lighter form
-Objects toward the edge or corner of the composition appear heavier
-Intense colors are heavier than muted colors
The third type of balance is radial balance, where all elements radiate out from a center point in a circular fashion. It is very easy to maintain a focal point in radial balance, since all the elements lead your eye toward the center.
1) Horizontal

2) Vertical

3) Diagonal

4) Curved

5) Zigzag
A line connects two or more points. A line is
used to create/define space, contours, and outlines. It can also suggest mass or volume.
Usually an outline.
Not really there but guide the eye or organize the image.
Created by the edge of things
What are Geometric Shapes?
Where there lines
are less defined.
Such as clouds or plants.

A form has three dimensions (3D) and encloses space. It is similar to shape, as it has height and width, but it also has an important characteristic, which is depth.
Like shapes, forms are also described as organic or geometric.
On the left, a pyramid is shown. As you can see, this is a prime example of form, as the three-dimensional shape brings you depth and allows the picture to be much more interesting, opposed to a basic triangle.
Primary Colors
Secondary Colors
Color Wheel
How bright or how dull a color is.
Intense colors are bright, while dull colors are created by mixing complementary colors.
Colors that are directly
opposite from each other on the color wheel


, and
When there is one color, but there is different values of the specific color.
Colors that are adjacent to each other on the color wheel. This includes one dominant color (either primary or secondary), and two complimentary colors, which are tertiary.

, and
Actual line:
Implied line:
Contour line:
Complementary colors:
Analogous colors

Cool colors:
Warm colors:
Texture is how something feels. This can be real or implied.
Real Texture: Real texture is the actual texture of an object. Artists may create real texture in art to give it visual interest or to promote feeling.
Implied Texture: A two dimensional piece of art is made to look like a certain texture.
The distance, or area around, between or within a work of art.
The most common types of space are:
Negative Space
Positive Space
Space also can be considered as an illusion. When we see objects that over lap another, we view them as being "behind" the object. This allows us to believe that the ones on top are closer, (like the triangles in the picture on the left), while the ones behind are further away.

Usually a quick drawing that shows the basic shape of the drawing.
What are Organic Shapes?
Shapes like circles, squares, and triangles.
Organic shapes
What are the 3 Cool Colors?
What are the 3 Warm Colors?
The Elements of Art are the building blocks used by artists to create a work of art.
Time to play a game!
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