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Copy of Arabic Calligraphy

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by

Suzan Lili

on 7 April 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Arabic Calligraphy

- "Kufa" in Iraq
- three types: floral, square, and archaic
- used earlier for Qur'an; now written on metal,
wood, tile, glass, bricks, etc.
- horizontal lines and wider
Calligraphy
T.Sawsan
Styles of Calligraphy
Deewani
Kufi
Thuluth
Deewani
Naskh
Calligraphy
Origin of Arabic
Calligraphy
What is
Calligraphy?
-Calligraphy is the art of beautiful handwriting.
-Life was hard before Islam.
-The arts of speaking and writing were appreciated.
- reformed by Ibn al- Bawaab (10th century)
- “to copy”
- mostly used for the Qur’an (“servant of Qur’an”)
- script is curvy; endings always points upwards
- The writing is very neat and clear.
- created in 7th century; developed in 10th century
- "one third”; every letter slants in one third
- unlike Kufi, Thuluth was rarely used in writing the Qur’an
- curved letters with pointy heads
- known for its complex picture
- letters are mostly stucked together
- most powerful style; if you don’t know how
to write Thuluth, then you don’t know calligraphy
perfectly.
- invented by Housam Rumi (16th century);
- developed by Ottoman Empire (19th century)
- named after the divan, or the high governmental body
in the Ottoman government
- based on Riqa and Nastaliq styles.
- very decorative script; cursive and
letters are joined
-dots are added for artistic appeal.
- lines ascend from left to right.
- hard to read, ensured confidentiality, and
prevented forgery.
-It is the art of producing decorative
handwriting or lettering with a pen
or brush.
-A person would be raised in rank due to his eloquence in speech.
- Arabic script is derived from the Aramaic Nabataean alphabet.
Origin of Arabic
Calligraphy

-New Muslims interpreted the art of writing
as an abstract expression of Islam.
Arabic Alphabet
Farsi
Reqa'a
-Cultural diversity led to two major events:
birth of calligraphic schools such as Ta'liq (Persia)
and Deewani (Turkey).
Uses of Calligraphy
-There was a need to reform the Arabic language.

- Gained popularity within the Muslim world.
-Reform done in the Umayyad era (added diacritical
marks for non-Arab Muslims).
- Calligraphy is used in the Qur’an,
inscription of coins, architecture, books,
Saudi flag etc.

- It is written/read from right to left.
- 1, 2, 3, etc. were originally Arabic.
- No human or animal art is
permissible.
- 26 letters
- No “capital” letters.
- Ayaat from the Qur’an, ahadeeth (Prophetic narrations), shi’ir (poetry),
old proverbs, stories, documents, etc.
Styles of Calligraphy
- Reqa’a (handwriting)
- Naskh (computer)
- Farsi
- Thuluth
- Deewani
- Kufi
- The simplest writing
- Derived from Thuluth
- Invented mid-18th century by Ibn Muqlah
Shirazi
- Means “a piece of cloth”
- Written in Turkish and Arabic.
- Rounded structure; letters are mostly straight
- Used to write hadeeth.
- developed by the Persians (15th century)
- known as “Nasta’liq"
- mostly used in Persia, India and Pakistan
- never written with vowels
- many poems are written with this writing
- used for tattoos, fashion designs, and graphic art
- Ottomans used it to write official documents.
- only scribes of the Ottoman court knew the
rules of the script (secret of sultan’s palace)
- gold paint was used to write documents when writing in the Deewani script.
Deewani
Calligraphy
Calligraphy
-Calligraphy comes from Greek.
"kallos" + "graphos" = Calligraphy
Arabic
Calligraphy
Spread of Arabic
Calligraphy
-People lived nomadic lifestyles.
-They valued much of language in writing and poetry.
Origin of Arabic
Calligraphy
-This differs from culture to culture, and from person to person.
Spread of Arabic
Calligraphy
Spread of Arabic
Calligraphy
Reqa'a
Naskh
Farsi
Thuluth
Sources
Pictures: Google
Info:
http://www.al-bab.com/arab/visual/calligraphy.htm
http://www.metmuseum.org/learn/for-educators/publications-for-educators/art-of-the-islamic-world/unit-two/proportional-scripts
http://afifzamri.blogspot.com/2010/04/kufi.html
http://www.sakkal.com/articles/art_arabic_calligraphy/arabic_calligraphy_styles.html
http://kakayicalligraphy.webs.com/kuficstyle.htm
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_KPKUHQwnxEk/S9ZH80ki1VI/AAAAAAAAAnY/3LJu-yKQCjQ/s1600/sq_kufi_alphabet.jpg
http://www.imamreza.net/eng/imamreza.php?id=4203
http://kakayicalligraphy.webs.com/kuficstyle.htm
http://theone01.tripod.com/Calligraphy/farsi.htm
http://www.farsigallery.com/
http://calligraphyqalam.com/styles/nastaliq-taliq-shikaste.html
http://calligraphyqalam.com/styles/divani-riqa.html
http://www.imamreza.net/eng/imamreza.php?id=4203
http://www.arabiccalligraphy.com/classic-types/
Sources
http://sweetfernstudio.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/calligraphy0001.jpg
https://www.google.com.sa/search?um=1&safe=active&hl=en&biw=1366&bih=663&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=naskh+script+calligraphy&oq=naskh+script+calligraphy&gs_l=img.3..0i24.14583.18073.0.18248.9.9.0.0.0.0.544.2203.2j1j2j1j1j1.8.0...0.0...1c.1.9.img.W-FeBmGfSNo
http://www.arabiccalligraphy.com/classic-types/
http://www.arabiccalligrapher.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/thu6.jpg
http://calligraphyqalam.com/styles/thuluth-naskh.htm
http://theone01.tripod.com/Calligraphy/thuluth.htm
http://starsinsymmetry.com/2010/10/22/study-islamic-calligraphy-style-thuluth/
http://kakayicalligraphy.webs.com/thuluthstyle.htm
Sources
http://kakayicalligraphy.webs.com/diwanistyle.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diwani
http://islamicartsmagazine.com/magazine/view/diwani_style_-_a_calligraphic_variety_of_arabic_script/
http://www.iradaarts.com/learn/arabic-scripts/
http://calligraphyqalam.com/styles/divani-riqa.html
http://www.paradoxian.org/eu3wiki/Diwani_Script
http://www.al-bab.com/arab/visual/calligraphy.htm
http://calligraphyqalam.com/
http://www.arabiccalligrapher.com/
http://www.calligraphers.com/florida/whatis.htm
http://www.graphicdesign.com/article/arabic-calligraphy-in-design/
http://ezinearticles.com/?Calligraphy-History-And-Origins&id=869820
http://en.artron.net/news/news.php?newid=184629
http://www.crunchyroll.com/forumtopic-480394/arabic-calligraphy-styles
calligraphy activities: http://issuu.com/idll/docs/arabic_calligraphy_activities_book_
Look at this image and try to trace it on a white piece of paper. Try your best and have fun. :)
Rubric
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