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Life in the 1920s & 1930s FRANCE

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Garrett Brown

on 4 June 2015

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Transcript of Life in the 1920s & 1930s FRANCE

Politics
France had a conservative government after WWI.
The government wanted to reduce its size and spending.
Raymond Poincaré served three times as Prime Minister of France and as President of France from 1913 to 1920. He had the biggest impact on the French government and his influences lived on through the 1920s and 1930s.
Poincaré was a Conservative.
He increased taxes and reduced government spending.
He brought confidence back to the economy.
Edouard Herriot and the French Socialists pushed for progressive social reform (1924-1926).
They were committed to private enterprise and private property.
Spoke for the lower classes, small businessmen, and farmers.
Economic Troubles
France was affected the worst out of its allies, its territory had to be rebuilt.
The French government owed billions to the United States. The government wanted to reduce spending and increase taxes to eliminate debt.
The Maginot Line (a series of concrete bunkers built the by French along the German border), had to be reconstructed to secure defense, so the scared public paid for the reconstruction. It cost millions of francs to reconstruct.
Changes for Women
After the Great War (WWI), French women were motivated to pursue reform. Women wanted to be at par with men in the economic structure in society. However, they were not acknowledged for their impact during WWI during the 1920s and 1930s, so they did not gain suffrage rights (till later after WWII).

Mass Culture
The 1920s and 1930s were introduced to the radio and television. They were an expensive form of entertainment. They were also used as tools for propaganda.
French culture was also introduced to films, in which many depicted the stereotypical "house life", where women were viewed as servants to their men.
The 1920s and 1930s experienced an abundance of anti-war songs, since the French population were against war after having dealt with the worst conditions of all of its allies after WWI.
Foreign Policy
France responded to the Great War by developing one imperative goal to accomplish: strengthen the national security (should there be another great war).
In order to do so they:
Arranged alliances with several smaller/ newer nations: Poland, Czechoslovakia, Belgium. Asked for the allegiance of Britain and US but they decline, because they don’t want to be involved in alliances. So they were hopeful that League of Nations will effectively prevent war (it doesn't).
Life in the 1920s & 1930s FRANCE
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