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Private conservation initiatives in Amazonian Countries
Transcript of Private conservation initiatives in Amazonian Countries
not inter-disciplinary teams,
but inter-disciplinary people".
Adams, 2007. Private conservation initiatives in Amazonian countries
Large percentage of important conservation sites are in privately-owned land.
Already being implemented worlwide.
Beyond protected areas approach. Peru Bolivia Brazil Ecuador Colombia Venezuela Suriname French Guiana Guyana
To systematize and analyze the different tools and incentives for private conservation that are being used in Amazonian countries . Private (and communal) land Public land 60% of private conservation areas in Peru belong to communities
Private reserves BOLIVIA
Private natural heritage reserves
1000 over 700,000 ha ECUADOR
65 over 70,000 ha COLOMBIA
245 (2000) over
70,000 ha VENEZUELA
Private conservation areas
27 over 250,000 ha PERU
Private conservation areas
26 more than 120,000 ha Incentives - Tax
* Property tax (Bolivia, Brazil,
Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela)
* Income tax (Venezuela)
* Donations (French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname)
- Financial incentives as preferential rates for loans (Brazil)
- Legal certainty over the land
- Fiduciary funds
- State subsidies How does it work? ICMS Contractual agreements Conclusions Conservation concessions Governments grant public land to an individual, community or organization for conservation purposes First laws in Bolivia in 1997
Successful in Peru, more than 20 concessions covering almost one million hectares
CI in Guyana manages a forestry concession without extracting timber. Enabling conditions Functioning institutions
Coherent land use policies, tenure and property rights
Citizen involvement 1 2 3 4 5 Private conservation initiatives have contributed to make conservation a specific land use option in the Amazon. Broad array of tools that every conservationist should know, especially if landscape approaches are being implemented. Support local landowners through
rather than “buy land and manage
it directly”. Lack of monitoring undermines our ability to analyze their contribution to biodiversity conservation. inspiration Private conservation has the potential to foster collaboration outside our specialties and engage with other constituencies.
The right attitude for a movement based on the principle that everything is connected to everything else. Tax on Services and Merchandise Circulation Based on freedom
of contract so they are like Reflection
invitation - Property title
- Perpetual or temporary
- All or part of the land
- Government recognition
based on PA legislation Objective of the study Peru Ecuador Colombia Venezuela Guyana Suriname French Guiana Brazil More than 2.5 million hectares
More than 1200 initiatives 2006 The Amerindian Act becomes effective creating an internal system of self-governance for indigenous peoples.
Wai Wai peoples create a 360,000 ha reserve. Photo: Ajay Baksh/CI empathy practice what
we preach Conservation easements - Trusts - Comodato - Usufructo - Leasings - - Forestry easements- Buy and sell with conservation clauses Will Voluntary natural reserves Eliminated in 2002 FRENCH GUIANA "A perfect storm in the Amazon"
T.J. Killen There are no panaceas nor rosetta stones so pay attention to local and national contexts. collective action email@example.com
http://candy4conservationists.blogspot.com/ an for collaboration Private land Public land Why is private conservation relevant? www.spda.org.pe Ecological motivation - Under private management
- Not public PAs "Things don´t look too bad if you are standing back far enough" Adams, 2004. decentralization
clear rules and transparency Private land Ecological ICMS Distributed by states to municipalities
Criteria e.g. number of conservation sites, management quality, etc. Bolivia Ecological ICMS - Brazil: National Confederation of RPPN
- Colombia: 39 civil society networks, RESNATUR supports 540 reserves, Heirs of the Planet
- Peru: - Victor Zambrano and Ania Available online: