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How to classify plants & animals

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by

Joy Marsh

on 10 March 2014

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Transcript of How to classify plants & animals

Plants can be sorted into two major groups
Plants
How to classify plants & animals
by: Krista Marsh

do not have true roots
anchored to the ground by small rootlike structures
do not have true leaves
absorb water and nutrients from their surrounding
do not grow tall
Nonvascular
have tissue that supports the plants and carries water and food
roots, stems and leaves all contain vascular tissue
two types of vascular tissue: xylem and phloem
xylem carries water and nutrients from roots to other parts of the plant
phloem carries food from leaves to the rest of the plant
very varied plants; from duckweed to redwood trees, from cacti to orchids
Vascular
Angiosperm and gymnosperm are subgroups
of vascular plants.
Gymnosperms produce "naked" seeds, such a pine cones
Angiosperms produce seeds that are protected inside a fruit, such as apples
Angiosperm/Gymnosperm
Animals are divided into two large groups, based on the presence of or lack of a backbone.
Animals
has a backbone
vertebrates are classified into at least five phyla: mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish
Vertebrates
no backbone
97% of all animals are invertebrates
divided in five phyla: mollusks, sponges, worms, echinoderms, arthropods
Invertebrate
Moss is an
example of
a nonvascular plant
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