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Weight Issues ISPAH
Transcript of Weight Issues ISPAH
Eating disorders and Body Image and the Media Weight Issues Obesity Underweight Abitha's Opinion A medical condition
When a person is MORE than just overweight
WHO calls Obesity an epidemic What is Obesity? The difference? Overweight= a little more body fat than healthy
Obesity- when you weigh much more than average How do people become obese? Increased Calorie intake
Not getting enough physical activity (sedentary life)
Lack of sleep/rest Diseases and Medical Conditions
Obesity can trigger and EFFECTS Stroke
Head ache Shorter life span
High blood pressure
Diabetes Skin problems such as:
Body Dysmorphic Disorder Immobility
Varicose Veins Pulmonary Embolism
Certain types of Cancer Breathing disorders like Asthma and Dyspnea
Congestive Heart failure
Cor Pulmonale Obesity Facts and Statistics Canadian: U.S: What does it mean to be Underweight? Weight is too low to be considered healthy
15-20% less than the average weight of the same gender, height and age How do people become underweight? (Causes): Genetics
Lack of food/Not eating enough food
Illnesses and diseases Effects of being Underweight/Things being Underweight can trigger: Infertility
Increased risk of Eating Disorders
Anemia Eating Disorders Abnormal eating habits
causes disturbances in normal diet What are eating disorders? Types of Eating Disorders: Anorexia Nervosa (Restricting Type and Binge eating/Purging type)
Binge eating Disorder Anorexia Nervosa- People with anorexia... Atypical eating disorders
Two types- Restricting type and Binge eating/purging type Symptoms and effects of Anorexia Bulimia Nervosa- People with Bulimia... Slightly over-weight= Vomiting- 50%, laxatives- 10% and diuretics are close to none (0%) Symptoms, signs and effects of Bulimia: Binge-eating Disorder compulsive eating
results in an over-weight or obese person Purging Disorder binge-eating sessions followed by purging
trying hard to maintain"proper" body shape/weight Pica
desire to eat/lick/chew non-food items
can't determine the difference between edible/inedible Drunkorexia restrict food-intake
over-drink (alcohol) in order to purge food Pregorexia Extreme dieting
Over-exercise Orthorexia Nervosa an extreme obsession with avoiding unhealthy food
only eating "pure"
quality over quantity
Depression and stress
Reduced Muscle strength
Thin Appearance Purging Disorder
Drunkorexia (during pregnancy) Eating Disorder Causes: Negative family influences
Genetics loads the gun, environment pulls the trigger..."
Body Image and the Media Eating Disorder Facts and Statistics Body Image and the Media What is body image? view on physical body appearance
attractiveness and looks
self esteem and society "standards" Gender Expectations Treatment influences based on gender
"Boy-ish" and "Girl-y" GIRLS BOYS How we see ourselves Typical "girl-y" thoughts:
"I'm so ugly" D:
"I'm too fat" D:
"I hate my _insert body part here_" D:
"I need to lose/gain weight!" D:
"I'm too _insert height adjective here_" Typical "boy-ish/guy-ish" thoughts:
"I'm too short"
"I need more muscle."
"I want to be stronger! >:D"
"I'm not boy-ish enough T_T" Genes
Growth and development Gallbladder or liver disease
Coronary artery disease Cellulitis
Intertrigo High Cholesterol
Type 1 Diabetes Low self-esteem and perfectionism
Low levels of Serotonin Pregorexia
Orthorexia nervosa What affects the way we see our body image?
Culture and Ethnic Backgrounds
Friends, family and peers Puberty and Growth+Development
School and career choices How can body image affect a person's health? Unhealthy dieting/fasting
Substance use and Drugs
Depression as well as other mental illnesses Eating Disorders
Unnecessary surgery Body Image Facts Tips to feel better about your Body Image! Kids Help Phone Interview Stay Active!
Wear clothes you feel comfortable wearing
Stay from the scale and fashion magazines
Do nice things for your body
Cut labels out of your clothes Make a why I like myself list
Write in a diary
Remind yourself that people you for you
Focus on the good when looking at appearance
Compare yourself to REAL people Who did I interview? Liz Worth, the communications Coordinator in Ontario for the Kids Help Phone Q: About how many calls would you say you (individually or as a whole including all members) get during a busy school day? A: "We get about 5,000 contacts from young people every week – that includes phone and online counselling requests." Q: About how many of these calls are about appearance or how someone sees them self or the way others see them? A: "Approximately 1 out of every 3 counselling sessions related to mental health in 2012, which ties into body image or appearance. On an average day, about three counselling sessions related to eating disorders." Q: Do these calls tend to be more about bullying due to appearance and characteristics of one’s looks or self-critique and judgement over the way they see them self? A: "Because all of our calls are confidential, I can’t get too specific about what types of experiences young people are calling in about relating to body image, but I can tell you that according to a 2003 survey of adolescents in grades 7 - 12, 30% of girls and 25% of boys reported teasing by peers about their weight." Q: What advice do you usually give to people who worry about their appearance and body image? A: "Here are some of the things we might tell a young person who calls about their appearance:
http://kidshelpphone.ca/Teens/InfoBooth/Physical-Health/Body-Image.aspx" The Media