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Irving and Hughes Forgery

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Tatum Hittle

on 20 September 2013

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Transcript of Irving and Hughes Forgery

Clifford Irving Forgery
Why Howard?
" 'Both the specimen and questioned documents reveal great speed and fluency of writing,' read their analysis. 'Yet the questioned documents accurately reflect in every detail the genuine forms and habit variations thereof which make up the basic handwriting identity of the author of the specimen documents. Moreover, in spite of the prodigious quantity of writing contained in the questioned documents, careful study has failed to reveal any features which raise the slightest question as to the common identity of all the specimens and questioned signatures and continuous writing. These basic factors...make it impossible...that anyone other than the writer of the specimens could have written the questioned signatures and continuous writing.' " (Ibid., 170-171) said by Charles Hamilton (handwriting expert)

Basically, the handwriting style and word flow looked so much like Hughes, as well as the amount of the publish rights were sold for, made the people believe that Howard Hughes had actually giving Irving the permission to write his story.
Role of Document
McGraw sent the letters that were written by Irving, who claimed them to be Hughes to analysis the osborn brothers who proofed the letters to be fake. Another handwriting analysis said that the letters were so close to Hughes writing style that Irving could of gotten away with the forgery had it not been the call from Hughes himself. Irving used the letters to write the biography and receive the large amount of money that he deposited into a Swiss bank account under Hughes name, making it seem that he was paying Hughes for the Bio.

Switzerland police made investigations into the bank accout that was under the name H.R.Howard and they discovered that is was Irving's wife who was depositing and withdrawing money.
Police used voice analysis for the phone call from Hughes to determine that the call was from Hughes himself, as well as handwriting analysis to proof that the letters were written by Irving.
Eventually Irving made a confession and him, his wife and a co-conspirator were charged with conspiracy to defraud, forgery, and using federal mail to defraud. he was sentance to 2 1/2 years but served only 14 months. He also had to pay back all the money he was paid.
What happened?
Irving wrote letters he claimed to be written by Hughes himself, to McGraw- Hill claiming he had authority to write biography of the billionaire , Howard Hughes. Irving received $765,000 from the McGraw- Hill book company and life magazine for the publication. Irving claimed he had audio tapes, letters, and manuscripts on Hughes. The "biography" was going to popular until , after 14 years of being reclusive, Howard called the press to say he had never spoken to Irving or gave permission for the biography. That launched a investigation into the matter.
Clifford Irving
Irving was born Nov. 5 1930. He grew up in New York City, and was the son of a comic writer. He graduated in 1947 from Manhattan's High School of Music and Art, and shortly after, attended Cornell University. He was also a copy boy for New York times while writing his first book.

Howard Hughes
Born: Dec.24, 1905
Howard Hughes was a businessman,
a movie producer, and an aviator; however, he is perhaps best remembered for spending his later years as an eccentric, reclusive billionaire.

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