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Real World Presentation: The Pirate Party

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Kaysie Salvatore

on 29 March 2013

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Transcript of Real World Presentation: The Pirate Party

The Pirate Party Recent History of the Pirate Party Pirate Parties International United States Pirate Party Current Events What is Pirate Parties International? Rickard Falkvinge •A transnational non-governmental organization of the Pirate Party movement
•It was formally founded in 2010 at a PPI conference in Brussels, Belgium
•PPI exists to help establish, to support and promote, and to maintain communication and co-operation between Pirate Parties around the world
•It also offers a common resource for international collaboration and can provide help to form a local party in your country Which countries are associated with PPI? •Currently, PPI comprises of 23 registered members, 27 active members, 11 members with low activity, and 3 conflicting parties
•Some member states include Belgium, Germany, Spain, and Italy
•A few observer members include the Pirate Party of Florida, Young Pirates of Germany, and Pirates without Borders How is PPI managed? •The PPI is managed by the board, which meets regularly to discuss the internal running of the organization and interacts with individual Pirate Parties and other organizations
•The PPI is led by two co-chairs: Gregory Engels and Lola Veronina
•The rest of the board is composed of a treasurer, chief administrative officer, three regular board members, and four alternate board members
•The board and participating members meet yearly at conferences hosted by different Pirate Parties around Europe
•The 2013 PPI conference will be held on April 20th in Kazan, Russia to decide upon the admittance of new members to the PPI, elect a new board and discuss and vote on amendments to the PPI statutes
•In true pirate fashion, the conference will be streamed, so make sure to check it out! What does the PPI website have to offer? •Provides a forum with discussions, resources, questions, and individual country sections
•Keeps members of PPI updated with a continual feed of Pirate Party happenings
•Provides links to each individual Pirate Party website and ways to sign-up for PPI Swedish IT entrepreneur
Inspired by the establishment of "Piratbyran" in 2003
Swedish think tank devoted to the stimulation of debate on copyright laws as well as the free sharing of information, culture, and intellectual property
When copyright laws in Sweden got even tougher in 2005, Falkvinge decided to take his beliefs to the political arena
Served as party leader from 2006-2011 Foundations of Piracy It did not take long for Falkvinge to break into the political arena
He launched the website for the Pirate Party on January 1, 2006 (marked the formal foundation of the party)
The new website presented six phases of growth for the party:
1. Get 2,000 written signatures on a petition for the Swedish Election Authority (had 5,000 within 36 hours)
2. Register with the Swedish Election Authority
3. Prepare candidates for the Riksdag
4. Raise money
5. Prepare for the upcoming election
6. Election day Gaining Steam Gained only .63% of the vote in their first year (not enough for Sweden's 4% threshold)
Established the Pirate Party as Sweden's third largest political party OUTSIDE of the Swedish Parliament
Even .63% was an enormous success for a party founded in the same year as the election
This was only the beginning
By May 2009, the Pirate Party had surpassed the Green Party, the Left Party, the Liberal People's Party, and the Christian Democrats in terms of total party membership
Marked it as Sweden's third largest political party OVERALL Key Events in the Party's Development May 31, 2006: the police raid a facility that hosted "The Pirate Bay" BitTorrent website
Caused a leap in public notice for the party
Surge of 500 new members by the day's end
April 2009: The Pirate Bay trial
Swedish prosecutors charge the heads of The Pirate Bay for promotion of copyright infringement
Placed the Pirate Party in the public eye even more
Saw emergence of many new sympathizers
Membership grew from 15,000 to 40,000 throughout the course of the nine day trial
Convicted: one year in prison and fines 2009 European Parliament Elections One of the party's greatest successes came in 2009
Received 7.13% of the total Swedish vote in the European Parliament elections
The Pirate Party was awarded 2 seats in the EP Amelia Andersdotter, MEP Christian Engstrom, MEP Estefania Severiche Important Historic Event of 2010 •The Pirate Bay started hosting its site through bandwidth delivered from the Pirate Party.

•Shortly after the party announced that it begin to host and manage many of Wikileaks new servers without any charge.

•Currently the Pirate Party launched Free & Social, a social networking/ microblogging service. Evolution of the Pirate Party •Outside of Sweden, pirate parties have been started in 40 countries, inspired by the Swedish initiative, that cooperate through Pirate Parties International. •Among the most successful Pirate Parties in Europe are;
The Swedish Pirate Party, which has received 7.1 percent of the vote in the European Parliament, winning two seats.
The German Pirate Party that managed to win 8.9 percent of the votes in the Berlin State election in 2011.
The Czech Pirate Party that won the international race to get a pirate politician to national parliament when a joint pirate candidate, Libor Michalek, was elected in the 2012 senate election. •.Pirates Without Borders serves as the basis for international community projects beyond the founding members states.

•Members are the bases for the international projects, through global cooperation they strive to reveal the impact of multinational trade agreements and foster freedom and democracy. The Future of The Pirate Party The Pirate Party suffers from some important limitations, but it also shows great promise and potential Issues will remain those of digital freedom, and reform of copyright law However, it now includes other ideas such as a ban on patents on life and genes; strengthening civil rights; transparent government; freedom of speech; and more direct democracy Pirate Party Platform Supports reform of intellectual property laws Egalitarianism Civil liberties Free flow of information or open source Government transparency Meritocracy Protection of privacy Corporate Welfare Pirate Party Platform Conclusion The Pirate Party in Sweden is clearly a very strong party Also known as the first Pirate Party created Outside of Sweden, 40 countries have founded Pirate Parties Founded in Sweden in 2003 by the Swedish anti-copyright organization The Pirate Bureau (Piratbyrån) which was established to support the free sharing of information, culture, and intellectual property. What is it? It is a website that hosts .torrent files. Bit-torrent is a form of peer-to-peer sharing of data that allows a “leecher” to download music, movies or any other file from a “seeder,” which is a person that already has the completed file and is currently uploading it. The more seeders, the faster it will be for you to download something. TPB has become the most popular of these kinds of websites, now serving over 25 million active users, and as such they have had a lot of legal trouble. Law & Police On May 31st 2006 their servers were raided by Swedish police and taken down, though eventually they were put back up.
The Motion Picture Association of America worked with the US and Swedish government to try to bring down the site many times, and they have not been the only ones.

They claim to be losing incredible amounts of money. Currently But... The Pirate Bay has been blocked in many countries such as Norway, Italy, Denmark, Belgium and China, though often it resurfaces at another URL. The Pirate Bay The Bigger Issues The German Pirate Party Back To Class:
The Significance of the Pirate Party Despite the apparent growth of the party or the possible loss of party influence in the future, the Pirate Party is the sign of a new cleavage in political ideology:

Freedom of Information
vs
Right to Intellectual Property Influences from the Pirate Party: The Declaration of Internet Freedom
Drafted in 2012
Supports: > Expression - "Don't censor the Internet."
> Access - "Promote universal access to fast and affordable networks."

The rest is here:
http://www.internetdeclaration.org/ The Sustainability Network Party - Brazil
Launched Feb 16, 2013 by former Brazilian Environment Minister Marina Silva, requires 500,000 signatures by September to be recognized in this years elections
Mixes Green Party environmental platform with social media take from Pirate Party (with which you may be familiar) The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement
First signed in October 2011, later protested against in in January and July 2012, along with:
SOPA (Stop Online Piracy Act)
PIPA (PROTECT IP Act)
CISPA (Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protecting Act)

(you may remember the online blackouts?)

Goes into effect with 6 ratified countries
Other than Japan, no other country has ratified this, despite signatures by:
US, Australia, Canada, Japan (obviously), Morocco, New Zealand, Singapore, South Korea, Mexico, and the EU (along with 22 MS)
Failed to be ratified in most countries by July ACTA Pirate Bay Suits Of course, aforementioned incidents
Recently, facing legal action against copyright holders, the Swedish Pirate Party was forced to cut off the Pirate Bay from the internet in Sweden
Instead, the Pirate Party chapters in Norway and Catalan (Spain) have offered servers to maintain the site
The Swedish Pirate Party intends to take "Rights Alliance" to court for "unlawful coercion" Why The Recent Attention? The German Pirate Party has successfully won seats in local state elections four times in a row, (the fourth being last May), which seemed to show the chapter's promise in the real political realm. They helped protest ACTA and has even called state spyware into question, recently. Recent Problems: In the 2012 elections, local schools censored the Pirate Party website as "illegal drugs" in web filters
Despite successfully acquiring local and state representation as well as defeating ACTA in 2012, the Pirate Party has had a difficult time creating a feasible platform for the 2013 federal elections
Because of the party's stance on transparency, it holds all internal party discussions for the public eye to see
As a result, the fights among party members are fueled by the public, and leadership is falling apart
They've dropped in public approval from 8% to barely 3% in a year WHY SHOULD WE CARE? While the German Pirate Party is just one case, these are issues that may span across the entire party.





In other words, although the rise of the Pirate Party is addressing a relatively new issue (net neutrality wasn't a concept twenty years ago) and possibly defining a new cleavage, the practicality of its platform may be in question. CISPA was actually reintroduced recently:
http://www.informationweek.com/security/cybercrime/cispa-cybersecurity-bill-reborn-6-key-fa/240148600 The emergence of new pirate parties: The Sustainability Network Party in Brazil Controversial events such as ACTA: The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement. Along with SOPA, PIPA & Protecting Act The emergence of new parties: In Brazil "The Sustainability Network Party" The German Pirate Party has successfully won seats in local state elections four times in a row, (the fourth being last May), which seemed to show the chapter's promise in the real political realm. They helped protest ACTA and has even called state spyware into question, recently. US Pirate Party

- Founded by Brent Allison in 2006

- Focused primarily on intellectual property reform and freedom of Internet censorship

- First attempted to register in Utah during the 2007/2008 election cycle but failed to collect required number of Statements of Support

- 2011: First legally recognized PP in the US (Massachusetts Pirate Party)

- 2012: coalition of state PP formed the Pirate National Committee (PNC) - Captain (Chair): Lindsay-Anne Brunner
- First Officer (Vice Chair): Caleb Langeslag
- Quartermaster (Secretary): Daniel Gorski

- Ideology of US PP:
- Pirate politics
- Hacker ethic
- Techno-progressivism
- Freedom of information
- Civil libertarianism
- Open government US Pirate Party platform aligned with the global Pirate movement and supports reforms of:

- Intellectual property laws to reflect open source and free culture values

- Government transparency

- Protection of privacy and civil liberties

- Rolling back corporate personhood and corporate welfare

- Evidence-based policy

- Egalitarianism and meritocracy based on the hacker ethic - The party's national organization has existed in multiple incarnations since its 2006 founding.
- Its most recent is the Pirate National Committee (PNC), formed in 2012 as a coalition of state parties.

- The PNC officially recognizes Pirate Parties from 8 states, and tracks and assists the growth of more state parties throughout the US.
1. Florida
2. Georgia
3. Massachusetts
4. New York
5. Oregon
6. Oklahoma
7. Washington
8. Wisconsin The website has been successful in staying alive due to having servers all over the world just in case one of them gets shut down. Origins of the Pirate Party Their goals are:
promotion of free knowledge, free culture, free software, digital sustainability, more free citizens and the freedom of each individual
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