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Diabetes

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Jizelle Hutchinson

on 2 May 2013

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Transcript of Diabetes

Diabetes What is Diabetes? Does Diabetes
develop over time? What are the symptoms
of Diabetes? How is the nervous system affected by Diabetes? How are the skin and feet affected by Diabetes? How does Diabetes affect the excretory system? Interesting facts on Diabetes! A.K.A. Diabetes Mellitus - A lifelong metabolic disease:
large amounts of glucose in a person's blood (not transferred into cells)
Type 1:
Usually in children
Pancreas unable to produce insulin
10% of diabetic patients

Type 2:
In adulthood
Not enough production or use of insulin
90% of diabetic patients

Gestational:
During pregnancy
Mother and child at risk of Type 1 or 2
2% - 4% of all pregnancies Type 1 Diabetes:
- Rapidly , Suddently
Type 2 Diabetes :
- Over a long period of time The Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes are:
- Fatigue
-Excessive Weight Loss
The Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes are :
- Urinate Frequently
- Thirst
- Burred Vision Diabetes, specifically Type 1, causes constant urination. Diabetic neuropathies: Nerve damage affects
digestive, circulatory and reproductive systems
60% - 70% of diabetic patients

High, uncontrolled levels of blood glucose, fat and
pressure over long time causes:
damage to blood vessels (blood clot & plaque build up)
inflammation in nerves

Overexposure to blood glucose damages nerves (less
signals to & from brain), narrows and blocks blood vessels

Hence cuts, bruises, poor blood circulation may go unnoticed by brain causing:
More proneness to bacterial & fungal infections
Scaly and darkened patches of skin
Thin, hairless, shiny and dry skin
Discoloration: orange yellow around eyes, shin or elbows
Skin may degrade and break open bleeding Presentation by: Jizelle, Raina, and Roslyn How does Diabetes develop? Is Diabetes more common in certain ethnic groups? Is Diabetes genetically
inherited? The disease of diabetes isn't inherited.
Only risk factors from certain genes can be passed on.
The genetic risk of diabetes is like a gun. A summary of Diabetes! Interesting facts on Diabetes! Table of Contents - What is Diabetes?
- How does it develop?
-Is it more common in certain ethnic groups?
- Symptoms of Diabetes
-How does diabetes affect the body?
- How is diabetes treated?
- Interesting facts! Ethnic groups where Diabetes is more common are: Aboriginal, Hispanic, Asian, South Asian, and African.

Factors that contribute to this are:
- level of physical activity
- obesity How is the heart affected by Diabetes? High blood sugar levels can cause blood vessels to be damaged.
This means that the heart receives less blood and will be forced to work harder. Do lifestyle choices
affect Diabetes? People who have diabetes need to control the amount of sugar they bring into their body. Lifestyle choices affect those at risk of diabetes AND those who have diabetes. How is the eye affected by Diabetes? The excretory system is responsible for filtering waste products in our body and releasing them in the form of urine. The earliest record of a disease that is likely to be diabetes was in 1500 B.C

Olympic Swimmer, Gary Hall Jr. has Type 1 Diabetes. Gary was told to give up swimming. But, he continued to swim with personal trainers and ended up winning a gold medal in his career. Blurred vision can occur in the eye because of high blood sugar levels.
Diabetics can have their vision blurred unexpectedly. How is Diabetes treated? Be educated
Lifestyle Management:
- Physical Activity
- Weight Management
- Nutrition Diet
Medication
Blood Pressure
Regular Check-up
Insulin injections for Type 1
Oral Medication for Type 2 Interesting facts on Diabetes! Who can help? A doctor specialized in diabetes: endocrinologist or diabetologist
A diabetes educator: nurse or dietician (i.e. Canadian Diabetes Association)
Family and friends
Counsellor or mental health worker
Podiatrists: feet, ankles, knees, legs, hips
A physiotherapist: exercise routines
Dentist and optometrist More than 9 million Canadian are diabetic or pre-diabetic
Diabetes is responsible for over 1 million amputations each year and 5% blindness worldwide
Diabetes is also reported in horses, ground squirrels, ferrets, dolphins, foxes and hippopotamus References "Diabetes Body Care: Feet, Skin, Eyes, Teeth, and Heart." WebMD Diabetes Center: Types, Causes, Symptoms,
Tests, and Treatments. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. <http://diabetes.webmd.com/features/steps-total-body-care?page=2>.

"Diabetes Mellitus Treatment ." UCSF Medical Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013.
<http://www.ucsfhealth.org/conditions/diabetes_mellitus/treatment.html>.

"Diabetes: Types, Symptoms & Causes: Overview." Endocrine System Diseases, Symptoms & Treatment: The
Hormone Health Network. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. <http://www.hormone.org/Diabetes/overview.cfm>.

"Diabetic Neuropathies: The Nerve Damage of Diabetes." National Diabetes Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr.
2013. <http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/neuropathies/>.

"Nerve Complications Diabetes Education Online." Diabetes Teaching Center at the University of California, San
Francisco. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. <http://dtc.ucsf.edu/living-with-diabetes/complications/individual-complications/nerve-complications/>.

"Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your nervous system healthy ." National Diabetes Information . University of
California, n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. <http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/complications_nerves/>.

"Step 1: What is diabetes?." Health Information | Rush University Medical Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013.
<http://health.rush.edu/healthinformation/mens%20center/28/000288.aspx>.

"Treatment & Care ." American Diabetes Association . N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013.
<http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/>.

Glucose Levels 'What is Diabetes':
http://www.woundcareclinic.net/2013/wound-healing-controlling-blood-sugar/

Comparison of Insulin Production:
http://foodstoriesblog.com/what-is-diabetes/

Diabetes Affects the Nerves:
http://dtc.ucsf.edu/living-with-diabetes/complications/individual-complications/nerve-complications/

Diabetic Foot Care:
http://www.diabetestreatmentguide.org/5-important-foot-care-tips-for-people-with-diabetes/

Treatment for Diabetes:
http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-illustration-11751998-diabetes-treatment-design-elements.php

Blood Sugar Test:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/17152.htm

Insulin Injectors:
http://www.pennmedicine.org/health_info/diabetes1/000263.html

Insulin Pump:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/18035.htm

Diabetic Food Pyramid:
http://healthy-ojas.com/diabetes/food-pyramid.html

Medicine Symbol:
http://www.merchantcircle.com/business/Suboxone.Pain.Addiction.and.Psychiatric.Associates.8562297354/picture/view/3456616 Normal course of action Blood Sugar Test Proper Diet Plan Insulin Injection References "Diabetes Facts." Diabetes Facts. Canadian Diabetes Association, n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. <http://www.diabetes.ca/diabetes-and-you/what/facts/>.

"All About Diabetes." Medical News Today. MediLexicon International, 12 Apr. 2013. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes/>.

Schaffer, Amanda. "Health Guide." Diabetes. The New York Times Company, n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. <http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/diabetes/overview.html>.

Wegner, Carole. "Why Being Over Weight Causes Diabetes." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., 01 Jan. 2010. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/69005-being-over-weight-causes-diabetes/>

Klein, Joelle. "Beyond What You Eat: How Lifestyle Habits Affect Diabetes." Gaiam Life. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. <http://life.gaiam.com/article/beyond-what-you-eat-how-lifestyle-habits-affect-diabetes>.

"Diabetes-related Eye Conditions." RNIB. N.p., 10 July 2012. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. <http://www.rnib.org.uk/eyehealth/eyeconditions/eyeconditionsdn/Pages/diabetes.aspx>.

"KidsHealth." Weight and Diabetes. The Nemours Foundation, n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. <http://kidshealth.org/parent/diabetes_center/diabetes_basics/weight_diabetes.html>.
http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/60/5/1370.extract American Diabetes Association
http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/endocrine/type2.html# The Nemours Foundation.
IMAGES
Gun clipart photo - http://images4.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20110208202340/fallout/images/3/3f/FNVThatGun.png
Diabetic sweetners photo -
http://thediabetesauthority.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/artificial-sweeteners-diabetes.jpg
Eye diagram -
http://www.rnib.org.uk/imagelibraries/eyetests/retina_diagram.jpg
Tired heart clipart -
http://images.clipartof.com/small/437934-Royalty-Free-RF-Clip-Art-Illustration-Of-A-Black-And-White-Outline-Design-Of-A-Tired-Heart-Walking.jpg Type 1 Diabetes : The cause is unknown.
Type 2 Diabetes : The causes are :
- Genetics
- Overweight
- Ethic Groups prone to developing diabetes - Men are more likely to die from diabetes than women
- Diabetes decreases a person life expectancy by five to ten years
- India has the world's highest diabetic population, over 35 million people are living with diabetics. By 2025,it is estimated that every fifth diabetic person will be indian
- 90% of people with diabetes are overweight
Full transcript