Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Unit 6- Conflict 1: World War I

CONFLICT
by

Teri Lina

on 15 December 2017

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Unit 6- Conflict 1: World War I

The Great War
Early Tensions Lead to CONFLICT
A general peace in Europe had existed since 1815 because of:
The Congress of Vienna of 1815- it was fair and prevented power struggles in Europe
JAPAN SHOWS ITS STRENGTH!
The Sino-Japanese War! (1894-1895)
CHINA vs. JAPAN
Major Conflict:
China had control over Korea...Japan wanted Korea to be independent, so they could have claim it's resources and location.
Result:
Japan beat China, took control of Korea, and IMPERIALISM for Japan began!!
The Russo- Japanese War!! (1904-1905)
RUSSIA vs. JAPAN
Major Conflict:
Russia wanted control of Manchuria
and KOREA for... a
WARM WATER PORT
!
Result:
Japan beat Russia!!
Other Issues:
The BALKAN WARS
A series of conflicts between multiple
nations for land in the Balkans
TENSIONS IN EUROPE = ALLIANCE BUILDING!!
Triple Alliance Triple Entente
What
Countries?


How did it
Develop?
. Germany, Italy, G. Britain, France,
. Austria-Hungary Russia*

. Germany & AH= Russia& France (1889), to
. DUAL alliance (1879), guard against Germany.
. to guard against France. Brit joins in 1907**
. Italy joins in 1881
** Germany also signed a Treaty with Russia *Germany lapsed Treaty with Russia
* * Britain was threatened when Germany
created a stroner navy
What did Otto von bismarck have to do with the whole "Alliance System" thing?
He thought France needed to be kept in check because of
the French Rev fiasco...
Tensions Lead to the MAIN causes of WWI!
M

A

I

N
The assasination of
FRANZ FERDINAND!! (JUNE 28, 1914)
Who was Franz Ferdinand?
The Archduke to the Austria- Hungarian Throne
Who assassinated him?
A Serbian from the "Black Hand"- a radical underground terrorist group
Connections
Austria-Hungary Serbia
Germany: Russia:
- Were in an alliance - Ethnic connections: high populations
- Had similar cultures of slavs lived in both Russia & Serbia
The "BLANK CHECK"
Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm II gave AH its support if AH wanted to declare WAR on Serbia...
- AH sends a list of Ultimatums to Serbia,
called the "JULY ULTIMATUM"...
sERBIA'S RESPONSE:
Accepts all of the
conditions but ONE
**AH declares WAR anyway!!! Why do you think?
They had Germany to back them up, and they
wanted control of Serbia
the assassination of archduke franz ferdinand was
.
the IMMEDIATE cause of the Great War!
date that AH declared War:
. July 28, 1914
** Thus, when the Great War began...
Events of the GREAT WAR
By_______________________ Many 'Great Powers had joined
Austria's declaration of War
AUGUST, 1914
ALLIANCES
The CENTRAL POWERS The ALLIED POWERS
Germany, Austria- Great Britain, France,
Hungary Russia
GERMANY AND WWI
- Major Problem-
. Germany had to fight
on TWO fronts- Western & Eastern
The Schlieffen Plan:
. Germany's strategy to defeat France on the Western front in 6 weeks, then send all troops to the Eastern front to fight Russia...
Trench Warfare!!
What were trenches?
Fortified fighting lines of opposing forces
"No Man's Land"
- the area of land
between two opposing forces
Trench Foot
-Men's feet would become infected
from muddy trenches, causing amputation
what do you think about using
trenches as a military strategy??
why was world war i so deadly??
1. New Technologies:
a. Machine guns/ artillery
b. Poisonous gas
c. Land & Sea tech- (U-boats/submarines,
airplanes, tanks, grenades)
2. MANY countries got involved:
a. Joined the Allies-

b. Joined the Central Powers-
.
ALOT! Major ones= Japan, US
, ITALY...!!!

. Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria
3. Stalemate________________________________________________________
** More soldiers=More casualties!!
on the Western Front= high death rate
THE RUSSIANS!!!!
problems within russia:
1. Was not as Industrialized as the rest
of Europe

2. Was cut off from other Allies
Brit and France unsuccessfully tried to ship supplies to Russia through OE
The "Gallipoli Campaign"-
The RUSSIAN REVOLUTION! (1917)
. - Revolt from
the peasant/proletariat class who forced the CZAR from power!
Bolsheviks-
. Radical revolutionary
group led by V.I. Lenin, who took
power in 1917
The Treaty of brest-litovsk:
. March 3, 1918: Signed between Germany
& Russia; Russia had to give territory to Germany for leaving the War early
the us enters the war!!!
The US's initial response to the War-
Non-Involvement ---> NEUTRALITY!!
pROBLEMS bEGIN...
"Unrestricted Submarine Warfare"=
. German policy of
sinking ANY ship in English waters.
The Sinking of the LUSITANIA:
. May 7, 1915: British passenger ship- sunk by German subs, and 150 Americans were killed
The ZIMMERMAN TELEGRAM:
. Germany to Mexico-
"Help us fight, and we will give you back all the territory you lost to the US!"
now us president woodrow wilson is maaaad!
April 6, 1917:

They joined the:
. US declares war on Germany!

. ALLIED POWERS
Why was US involvement soooo important?
1.


2.
They had fresh troops who were
not exausted

Russia had to withdraw, which hurt
the Allied Powers
by 1918, the allies
had begun to dominate
the War... pushing Germany back behind
the front!
How did propoganda influence
involvement in wwi??
After 4 years of intense fighting (1914-1918)...
11th HOUR, of the 11th MONTH, of the 11th DAY
November 11, 1918-
an ARMISTACE was signed
between the Allied and Central Powers...
ARMISTACE=
The Paris Peace Conference
Goal:
To fix a very devestated & War-torn Europe
The "BIG FOUR"
country leader
United States Woodrow Wilson

France Georges Clemenceau

Great Britain David Lloyd Georges

Italy Vittorio Orlando
Woodrow Wilson and his "Fourteen Points":
Main Idea:
Balance of power in Europe
an International peace organization of various countries
ALL countries should reduce the size of their military
League of Nations-
Demilitarization-
Treaty of Versailles
Created the terms of punishment & loss for Germany and its allies
Terms of the Versailles Treaty:
1. "war guilt clause"


2. Reparations-


3.
. - Germany MUST accept
100% responsibility for the War.


payment for damages that were caused
during the war (Germany had to pay over 3 trillion!!)

Loss of Territory
Results of the treaty of Versailles
1. German Inflation:
the value of German $$
GREATLY decreased. (ex- 1 lb of bread:
1918- $1.00; 1923- $3,000,000,000.00)
2. Europe-
Lack of stability leads to
new dictators
3. The US-
Felt bad for Germany; sent
them loans & refused to join the League
of Nations
**germany was so crippled by the Treay of Versailles that
most historians believe it directly led to-
The rise of the Nazi's and WORLD WAR II!
An agreement to stop fighting

The powder keg!!
ilitarism
lliances
mperialism
ationalism
4. Using War to cover up GENOCIDE:
THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE
WHEN AND WHERE?
1915, within the Ottoman Empire
Victims:

Perpetrators:
Christian Armenians
Muslim Turks (the "Young Turks")
IMPACT:
Being Christian amongst Muslim Turks threatened the Ottoman Gov. Armenians were sent on death marches, drowned, thrown off cliffs, and crucified- and covered up by WWI. Result: of the 2 million Armenians in the OE, 1.5 million were killed.
Full transcript