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Transcript of Holocaust Timeline
Adolf Hitler and the Nazis come to power in 1933 after establishing the anti-Semitic Nuremberg Laws preventing Jews from holding government positions and taking away their rights. Jews were no longer allowed to marry Germans and their citizenship was stripped.
March 1933- Many Jews begin to leave Germany, including notable people such as Albert Einstein
22 March, 1933- First concentration camp is opened in Dachau
1938- Jews begin to be deported to Poland
9 November, 1938- Kristallnacht
September 1939- Jews moved in to Krakow Ghetto
22 May, 1940- Auschwitz Established
16 October, 1940- Warsaw Ghetto is established. Largest of the resettlement Jews in Poland.
July, 1941- Ponary Massacre - the first mass execution of Jews, approximately 100,000 people killed
1942- Oskar Schindler saves 1,000 of his 1,200 Jewish employees who were taken to Auschwitz II. Basis for the film Schindler's List.
24 July, 1942- Operation Reihnhard begins. 4 concentration camps are set up for the sole purpose of the rapid extermination of the Jews: Belzec, Sobibór, Treblinka and Majdane
24 May, 1943- The Angel of Death, Joseph Mengele, takes over as medical officer at Auschwitz. Experiments on Jewish prisoners with genetic anomalies including twins and those with dwarfism.
18 January, 1945- Forced death march from Auschwitz as Soviet troops closed in on the camp. 15,000 die on the way to the trains waiting to carry them to other camps. Auschwitz is liberated a few days later.
July 1944- Soviets liberate the first concentration/death camp at Majdanek. The true extent of the Holocaust and Nazi atrocities are exposed for the first time.
Create a Frayer model for two of the following terms