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Caliph Al Ma'mun

Aric 246

Salma Aref

on 3 March 2013

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Transcript of Caliph Al Ma'mun

Caliph Al Ma'mun Harun Al Rasheed died in 809 AD
He appointed his son, Al Amin, to be heir of the caliphate and Al Ma'mun to be Al Amin's successor.
After Harun died, Al Amin acknowledged his brother’s almost absolute sovereignty over the eastern provinces of the empire, with his seat at Merv in Khorāsān (now in Turkmenistan),but he soon stripped Al Ma’mun of his rights in succession and appointed his son to be his heir
This results in a civil war and Al Ma'mun coming into power in 813 AD where he reigned at Merv. Caliph Al Ma'mun Abu Ja'far AbdAllah Al Ma'mun Ibn Al Rashid
786 AD-833 AD
Al Ma’mun was the son of the famous caliph Harun Al Rasheed and an Iranian slave, he was born six month before his brother, Al Amin, who is the son of Harun and a wife of Arab blood.
He was the seventh Abbasid caliph. Caliph Al Ma'mun A quick overview:
A small biography
How he came into power
His achievements
Opinion Caliph Al Ma'mun Caliph Al Ma'mun Al-Mamun's reign was one of great cultural achievement.
In around 815, he starts supporting Mutazilī movement.
He founded an academy called the House of Wisdom (Bayt al-Ḥikmah) in Baghdad.
Al-Mamūn established observatories at which Muslim scholars could verify the astronomic knowledge. Caliph Al Ma'mun http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/361008/al-Mamun/4539/Support-of-Western-philosophy-and-science
http://i-cias.com/e.o/mamun.htm Salma Aref Caliph Al-Ma'mun Biography How he came into power Achievements (1) He tries to eliminate the differences between the Sunnis and the Shi'ias 1)Appoints a descendant of Ali to be his heir 2)Gives him his daughter as wife 3)Replaces the Abbasids flag
But Shi'ia and Sunni extremists refuse his movement and in Baghdad they declare that he is not Caliph, so he heads to Baghdad . Achievements (2) Resources THANK YOU! Opinion
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