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Transcript of Syria

Civil War in Syria
Opposition Parties
War and Techniques
What the world has to say

1. Syria
2. Opposition Parties
3. Causes
4. War and Technique
5. Impacts
6. What the World has to say?
7. Future
8. Timeline
9. Discussion
Geographical Aspect

Southwestern Asia
Costal Zone and Eastern Plateau
Contrast between humid meditarianian and arid desert climat

23 million inhabitants
Arab language
People live in the city and Euphratis valley
Arabs/ Kurds/ Assyrians/Armenians
Cities: Allepo > Damascus > Homs
The al-Assad Regime

came to power through " coup d'Etat" 1964
singel Party State: the Ba'ath Party
Hafez al-Assad decleared himself president and was succieded by Bashar
Bashar Al-Assad
young and liked from the Syrian people
became president with 34 in 2000
studied medecine in London
hope he would modernise the country
begins to act repressive against all kind of diffrent thinking
his relationship to the west was very unclear
persecution comlex ( Verfolgungswahn) seems to be one of the motives
50'000 fighters
formed: 29 July 2011
composed of defected Syrian Armed forces and volunteers
main opposition group
origin: soldiers, who don't want to shoot
operates in the cities and in the countryside
headquarter in Homs
structured like the army
Free Syrian Army
coalition of Islamist rebels
45'000 fighters
formed: September 2012
aimed to have brotherly relationship with the FSA
Sunni Muslim Ideology
Syrian Liberation Front

branch of Al-Qudea
5'000 fighters
formed: 23 January 2012
most aggressive rebel group
made up of Sunni Islamist
aim is to create a state under the Sharia
use Suid attacks as a war method
al- Nusra
complains about possible chemical attackts in 16 occasions
UN inspectors confirmed Sarin gas
Syrian Goverment is accused for the chemical attacks
Rebels as well used missles with chemical gases in it
Chemical Weapons
known as "fuel-air bombs"
used by the government troupes
used during the great Battle of Aleppo
even napalm- like bombs are reported as being used
Thermobaric weapons
used from the rebels
began in December 2011
Al-Nusra Front claims it self responsible
claimed numerous civilian casualties
Suicide bombings

Revolutionary wave of demonstration, protests, civil war
First protest in Tunisia
Geopolitical implications cause global attention
By dictatorship, monarchy, human right violations, politic corruption, unemployment, poverty
Arab Spring
The Ba'ath Government
Demographics and socioeconomics
Assad Family comes from the minority Alawite
tight control security services, generating resentment among some Sunni Muslims
Ethnic minority Kurds protested and complained
Government dominated by Alawite sect, make some gestures to remain power
Discontent against government
Free market policies
Human Rights Violations
harsh criticism from global organizations
Security forces sweeping powers of arrest and detention
Control over all aspects of Syria society
Bashar al-Assad unsuccessful in implementing democratic change
all other political parties remained banned, a one-party state without free election
rights of free expression, association and assembly controlled
Websites were blocked until 1 January 2011
Women/ethnic minorities faced discrimination
EU, Arab League, USA, Canada
condemned the use of violence against the protesters
Arab League suspended Syria's membership
sent an observer mission 2011, for peaceful resolution
Kofi Annan
2012: Red Cross assessed the Syria conflict as a non-international armed conflict (civil war), applying international humanitarian law under the Geneva Convention to Syria
Iran, Russia, China
Russia supplied government with arms (business contract)
Russia and China (permanent member of UN Security Council) have vetoed all resolutions regarding Syria
Iran provided the Assad regime with arms/technical support, troops
Economic Impact
total collapse
economic losses about $48.4 billion
implementation of sanctions and arms embargoes
bans on imports and exports
no access to healthcare and education
disruption to regional economy
wave of crime
Social Impact
human rights violations
loss of moral and hope
Cultural implications
estimates of deaths in the conflict vary from 59.900 to 72.660
Refugee- Problem
Environmental Impact
damage to cultural heritage
destruction of antiquities, surrounding ecosystems and local naturals resources
loss of homes, danger in streets
The al-Assad Regime wins
may quash the uprising before being forced to implement reforms
The Free Syria Army wins
The Syria uprising is able to topple the regime
A Settlement is reached
Foreign Intervention
other nations may decide to intervene in Syria
May involve UN
Intervention similar to that in Libya
March 2011
April 2011
"Teenager set the sparks"

Assad uses Emerceny laws
Protest spread

August 2011
UN can't interne because of veto from Russia and China
December 2011
Homs refuse to surrender: bloody attack
March 2012
Massacre after massacre; Kofi Anan talks with al-Assad
Cease fire deadline
right to fight back
April 2012
June 2012
Biggest massacre yet: the Houla massacre, Goverment is claimed responsible
Who is most likely to rise
to power and what's their
al- Assad
Free Syrian Army
Al Quaeda
What Roll plays liberation,
democracy and justice?
free markets
Bloody war
Human Rights
What does it mean for the
life of an 18 year old in Syria?
Family environment
after the war?
as a refugee?
female vs. male
Visions of life
What should the
international community do?
Millions of deaths
Refugee Problem
chemical weapons
Diffrent intrests
Sphare of influence
April 2013
World wants to nivestigate for chemical weapons in Syria
Syrian and Israeli troops fight at the Golan heights
May 2013
October 2013
UN weapons inspectors are allowed to destroy chemical weapons
February 2014
Confrence in Genva where Rebels and Government sat on one table
March 2014
Governemnt troups controll rebel bastion Jabrud
What does the location of
Syria contribute to its complexity?
Raw materials
Cultural heritage
Ethical groups
Economical issues
What circumstance would it need to make you participate in a revolutionary scenario?
Political culture
Human Rights
Thank you for your attention!
Arab League supends Syria; escalation FSA attacks air base
November 2011
September 2011
News of rape and abuse shock the world
Full transcript