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KKK in the 1930's

English Research Project Due : December 20th 2012

Jordan Labonte

on 11 January 2013

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Transcript of KKK in the 1930's

About the KKK The Ku Klux Klan first emerged following the Civil War as America’s first true terrorist group. Since its inception, the Ku Klux Klan has seen several cycles of growth and collapse, and in some of these cycles the Klan has been more extreme than in others. In all of its incarnations, however, the Klan has maintained its dual heritage of hate and violence. The Ku Klux Klan would hang any African- American people in the United-States of America. KKK in the 1930s The Second Ku Klux Klan The second Ku Klux Klan was founded in 1915 by William J. Simmons, an ex-minister and promoter of fraternal orders; its first meeting was held on Stone Mt., Gorgia. The new Klan had a wider program than its forerunner, for it added to "white supremacy" an intense nativism and anti-Catholicism. The KKK in the 1930 During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the Klan's membership dropped dramatically! It had dropped over 30,000 members of the second KKK in the year 1935. In the 1930s a faction of the Klan called the Black Legion was very active in the Midwestern U.S. Instead of wearing white robes, the Legion wore black uniforms having the look of pirates. In addition, the Klan groups would also take part in lynching any, even going so far as to murder Black soldiers from World War 1 in military uniform. Black Legion Ku Klux Klan Member William J. Simmons KKK political influence in the 1930 The population of white males under the age would want to be members of the KKK but most of them would have been ineligible for membership because they were immigrants, Jews, or Roman Catholics. Through sympathetic elected officials, the KKK did control the governments of Tennessee, Indiana, Oklahoma, and Oregon, also some states in the South of America. In the year of 1924, one of the Klan Member was elected governor. Edward Jackson, Elected as Governor of Indiana as a KKK Member Membership of the KKK in the 1930 Historians in recent years have obtained membership rosters of some local units and matched the names against city directory and local records to create statistical profiles of the membership in the KKK. The KKK would successfully recruit new members across the United States and even some parts of Middle Canada, Saskatchewan. The Klan participated in the boom in fraternal organizations at the time. Organizers would only sign up the new members, who were willing to pay the initiation fees and bought KKK costumes. Membership Sign-up fourm Creation of the Second KKK The founding of the second Ku Klux Klan in 1915 demonstrated the new found power of modern mass media. Three closely related events sparked the new Klan to emerge: Leo Frank, a Jewish man accused of the rape and murder of a young white girl named Mary Phagan, was lynched against a backdrop of media frenzy. The second Ku Klux Klan was founded with a new anti-immigrant, anti-Catholic, and anti-Semitic agenda. The bulk of the founders were from an organization calling itself the Knights of Mary Phagan. The lynching of Leo Frank Mary Phagan Activities of the KKK in the 1930 The activities that the Second KKK would do are lynching of anti-Jewish, anti-Catholic, anti-Communist and anti-immigrant slant, this was a new thing that the Klan had started. In additon, as the Nazi party's propaganda in Nazi Germany, recruiters made effective use of the idea that America's problems were caused by blacks or by Jewish bankers, or by other such groups. In the 1930, a part of the Klan called the Black Legion was very active in the Midwestern U.S. Rather than wearing white robes, the Legion wore black uniforms reminiscent of pirates. The Black Legion was very popular in the 1930. It was only popular in the United States, South to be exact. Black Legion of the KKK in the 1930 The decline of the second KKK The second Klan collapsed partly as a result of the backlash against their actions. As a result of the scandals that had happend between the Klans Members, the Klan fell out of public favor in the 1930s and withdrew from political activity. Grand Wizard Hiram Evans sold the organization in 1939 to James Colescott, an Indiana veterinarian, and Samuel Green, an Atlanta obstetrician, but they were unable to staunch the exodus of members. Samuel Green James Colescott Other KKK Klan's in the Great Depression era Membership of The KKK by year
1920 4,000,000

1924 6,000,000

1930 30,000

1970 2,000

2000 3,000 After the breakup of the second Klan, the name "Ku Klux Klan" began to be used by several independent groups. The following table (on the next slide) shows the change in the Klan's estimated membership over time. Starting in the years of the 1950s, a large number of the individual Klan groups started to resist the civil rights movement. This resistance involved numerous acts of violence and intimidation KKK in Civil Rights movement in the 1940's KKK in the 21st century Even tho it is often still discussed in American politics as representing the quintessential "fringe" end of the far-right spectrum, today the group only exists in the form of isolated, scattered groups with a total membership numbering no more than a few thousand. In a 2002, the Jewish Anti-Defamation League wrote "Today, there is no such thing as the Ku Klux Klan. Fragmentation, decentralization, and decline have continued unabated." Despite the large number of rival KKK's, the media and popular discourse generally speaks of the Ku Klux Klan, as if there was only one organization. The American Civil Liberties Union continues to provide legal support to various factions of the KKK in defense of their First Amendment rights to hold public rallies, parades, and marches, and their right to field political candidates. The lynching of a African-American in the early 1990's Conclusion To conclude my presentation on the group KKK, i believe that the Ku Klux Klan was always a popular choice to the americans. The KKK was very popular back in the early 1900's and around every 10 years the population would change dramatically. In the era of the Great Depression, the KKK had lost over 4 million klan members because everyone had went broke. The KKK is still an active group today, but it is very uncommon to see a big civil rights protest these days. Introduction In the 1930s, the people that lived in South United States of America would be more racist then the Northern States. Taking in that in to consideration, the racism was one of the biggest parts in the years of 1930's. Through the examanation of the years, The group KKK and the white supremacist, it was easy to notice that racism was a root to the Great Depression era. It effected a lot of people back in the day. New World Encyclopedia New World Encyclopedia New World Encyclopedia New World Encyclopedia New World Encyclopedia New World Encyclopedia New World Encyclopedia New World Encyclopedia New World Encyclopedia New World Encyclopedia New World Encyclopedia New World Encyclopedia KKK and To Kill A Mockingbird The book would have a relation to the KKK Klan because it was always the black man ( Tom Robinson) that would get accused of doing the crime. Racism was one of the problems in To Kill A Mockingbird and the 1930's. "While everyone in Maycomb faces this same choice, it’s the jury alone whose verdict will decide Tom’s fate. The decision the jury faces is not, however, whether Tom is innocent or guilty, but simply whether the prosecution has presented enough evidence to prove Tom’s guilt beyond a shadow of a doubt. Atticus says no, Jem strongly agrees, but in the end, the jury does not. Does the jury actually think Tom raped Mayella, or are they just afraid to say otherwise?" To Kill A mocking Bird, Harper Lee
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