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Osteoporosis

Presentation for fitness class about osteoporosis and the exercise plan along with recommendation for the prevention of this disease
by

Aizhan Zakai

on 9 June 2011

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Transcript of Osteoporosis

OSTEOPOROSIS Eckman, Ari S,. "Osteoporosis - PubMed Health." PubMed Health. 8 Nov. 2010. Web. 08 June 2011. . Osteoporosis is the deterioration of bone tissue and loss of bone density over time. " " Symptoms No symptoms during the early stages of the disease. However the symptoms of later stages are: Bone pain or tenderness

Fractures with little or no trauma

Loss of height (as much as 6 inches) over time

Low back pain due to fractures of the spinal bones

Neck pain due to fractures of the spinal bones

Stooped posture or kyphosis, also called a "dowager's hump" Treatment How can osteoporosis be treated and can we prevent it from happening? Once an osteoporosis has been detected it is hard to cure it completely, because it is difficult to "rebuild" the bone that has once been weakened by osteoporosis Answer So, preventing the disease is as much important as treating it. 1 Quit smoking 2 3 4 Balanced diet No alcohol Calcium and Vitamin D 4 Lifestyle Changes There is a reason why doctors and health experts recomment exercising in order to prevent & treat osteoporosis When you exercise you don't just build muscles
and/or work on your cardio. You also build bone density, or bone mass Exercising is the important part of both prevention and treatment * * * Gerace, James E., and Beth Roybal. "Exercise for Osteoporosis." WebMD - Better Information. Better Health. 2007. Web. 08 June 2011. . PHYSICAL HEALTH Resistance Flexibility Weight-bearing When your legs support the rest of your body's weight For example

are all concidered to be weight-bearing, because in those exercising your legs are the support running/walking, dancing, hiking, climbing Free weights or weight machines at home or in the gym
Resistance tubing that comes in a variety of strengths
Water exercises -- any movement done in the water makes your muscles work harder. For best results, do resistance exercises or times a week. Make the exercise more challenging by gradually adding weight or repetitions. Work all your different muscles -- including arms, chest, shoulders, legs, stomach, and back. Be sure not to do resistance training on the same muscle group two days in a row. At least miles a week would be good at least of moderate to vigorous exercise five times a week. minutes to an hour is even better. 30 45 3-5 Flexibility is also important, because having
helps prevent injury. Regular stretches
T'ai chi
Yoga 2 3 Give each muscle group time to recover. " " flexible joints These exercises help you to have flexible muscle, that will help your body in general prevention Some facts: Researchers estimate that about 1 out of 5 American women over the age of 50 have osteoporosis. About half of all women over the age of 50 will have a fracture of the hip, wrist, or vertebra (bones of the spine). Osteoporosis occurs when the body fails to form enough new bone, when too much old bone is reabsorbed by the body, or both. The leading causes of osteoporosis are a drop in estrogen in women at the time of menopause and a drop in testosterone in men. Women over age 50 and men over age 70 have a higher risk for osteoporosis. Causes As you age, calcium and phosphate may be reabsorbed back into the body from the bones, which makes the bone tissue weaker. This can result in brittle, fragile bones that are more prone to fractures, even without injury. 1 2 3 Being confined to a bed





Hyperparathyroidism
Vitamin D deficiency Chronic rheumatoid arthritis
Chronic kidney disease
Eating disorders Taking corticosteroid medications every day for more than 3 months, or taking some antiseizure drugs To conclude: Osteoporosis is very bad disease, that many people have experience with. It is very severe disease, and even though there are different types of treatment, such as medications and lifestyle changing, once the vertebrae has collapsed it cannot be reversed. You should prevent it by mainly exercising and living healthy lifestyle. If a person gets a bone fracture, it is going to be very hard to build a bone density. Although the disease is very weaking, it does not reduce life expectancy if taken care of. If you won't to preven osteoporosis from happening, exercise more, dont smoke and drink and eat healthy diet (enriched with calcium) Examples A I Z H A N Z A K A I
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