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Classical Republicanism

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Transcript of Classical Republicanism

Classical Republicanism
(also known as Civic Humanism)

What is Classical Republicanism?
Level II
Explain what classical republicanism is
"Classical republicanism, also known as civic humanism, is an early theory of democracy that holds that the best kind of government is one that promotes the "common good" and the welfare of an entire society. Its characteristics include civic virtue, moral education, and small, uniform communities.
This philosophy was combined with the natural rights philosophy in the creation of the Constitution. Madison stated in the Federalist Papers that people naturally work for their own self-interests, but that this could simultaneously benefit society."
Level III
Illustrate how the classical republicanism influenced in the past
Examples of Classical Republicanism Influences:
Massachusetts (1780):
"...the happiness of a people and the good order and the preservation of civil government, essentially depend on piety, religion and morality.
Pennsylvania (1776):
"...a frequent recurrence to fundamental principles, and a firm adherance to justice, moderation, temperance, industry, and frugality are absolutely necessary to preserve thsings of liberty, andd keep a government free"

Level IV
Compare and Contrast:
Natural Rights and Classical Republicanism
Natural Rights:

Level V
Justify how the classical republicanism is used in today's government
Level VI
Create a situation involving the classical republicanism
Connections:
Level I
Describe what classical republicanism is
Classical republicanism is a form of republicanism established in the Renaissance inspired by political forms and writing of well proportioned antiquity, especially such classical writers as Aristotle, Polybius, and Cicero.
The main idealogies of the natural rights philosophy are found in the Declaration of Independence with such ideals as consent of the governed, right of revolution, unalienable rights (or rights that cannot be taken away or given up, such as life liberty and property), and overall establishes a social contract.
Classical republicanism is modeled after the Roman Republic, where the government provides its citizens with liberty under government and stressed the common good, or what was best for the society as a whole. Citizens within a republic must share the same characteristics: civic virtue, moral education, and live in small, uniform communities.
Declaratipn of Independence:
The Declaration of Independence reflects classical republicanism because the colonists recognized that parliament was to distant to be a good leader for their government and they followed civic duty by separating form Britain in order to preserve the common good
Common Good:
Classical Republicanism stressed promoting the common good above the rights of the individual
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