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SPAIN

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Chandler Thornton

on 4 December 2014

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Transcript of SPAIN

SPAIN

Chandler Thornton, Justin Zink, Girard Damiani, Deanna Rezey
Located in Southwestern Europe
Comprises about 84% of Iberian Peninsula
Capital: Madrid
192,874 square miles of land
2,023 square miles of water
Population: 47,731,941
Largest ethnic group in the Kingdom of Spain is the Native Spaniard group= 88% of population
Immigrants from North African, Latin American, Asia, and other European countries
Official Language: Spanish
Minor languages: Basque, Catalan and Galician
Religion- 94% Roman Catholic
.97 males/females
CITIES, TOWNS, MOUNTAINS, COASTS
Pyrenees mountain range extends from Mediterranean to Bay of Biscay
In the south of Spain lies the strait of Gibraltar, which separates Spain and the rest of Europe from Morocco
At its narrowest extent, Spain and Morocco are only separated by 8.1 miles
The Canary Islands are located in the southwest
DEMOGRAPHICS
Political History
Middle Ages: Absolute Monarchy
16th-17th centuries: Hadburg's rule; Spain dominated Europe
18th-19th centuries: Bourbon Spain
Absolute monarchy continued to rule Spain until the Spanish Constitution of 1812
Spanish Constitution of 1812: Spain's first national sovereign assembly; attempted to create universal suffrage, national sovereignty and overall a constitutional monarchy.
abolished in 1814
20th century: Dictatorship
Government Today
1975-present: Parliamentary Monarchy
After the death of Dictator Francisco Franco in 1975
Current Spanish Constitution of 1978 was signed
Since then, there remains a King but also a prime minister who is elected by the people
Elections are held every 4 years and the prime minister is similar to a president as far as political views
Justice System
HADBURG'S RULE
CIVIL LAW
The Spanish legal system is a civil law system based on comprehensive legal codes and laws rooted in Roman law
Opposed to common law, which is based on precedent court rulings
LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT
Agriculture:
Grain
Vegetables
Olives
Wine grapes
Sugar beets
Citrus
Meats
Fish
Dairy products
Labor force:
23.2 million (2013 est.)
Industries:
textiles and apparel
food and beverages
metals and metal manufactures
chemicals
shipbuilding
automobiles
machine tools
tourism
clay and refractory products
pharmaceuticals
medical equipment
UNEMPLOYMENT
Currently 26.3%
Far higher than any other country in Europe and most of the world!
COMMERCE AND ECONOMICS
Major exports: $458 billion
Machinery
Motor vehicles
Foodstuffs
Pharmaceuticals
Medicines
Other consumer goods
Medical control instruments
Major imports: $431 Billion
Machinery and equipment
Fuels
Chemicals
Semi-finished goods
Foodstuffs
Consumer goods
Measuring and medical control instruments
Major trading partners: France, Germany, China, Portugal, Italy, UK, Netherlands
Generally within European countries due to ease of access
GDP
Current GDP:
$1.389 trillion; per capita $30,100
Monetary value of all finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period, generally calculated on an annual basis
Real growth rate:
-1.3%
A measure of economic growth from one period to another expressed as a percentage and adjusted for inflation
Inflation:
1.8%
The sustained increase in the general price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time
EDUCATION
Schooling in Spain is state funded and is required between the ages of 6-16
3 categories of Spanish schools in education system: public schools, state-funded private schools and private schools
97.9% of Spain's population was literate in 2003
Literacy rate in Spain = 98.7% among males and 97.2% among females
defined as percentage of population over age of 15 that is able to read and write
HOUSING
Se vende chalet: a Spanish villa built on a piece of land ranging from 800 to 3000 sq/m and have two or even three floors. Many have swimming pools in the garden, fruit orchards and shady areas
Se vende piso: a flat, generally set in urban areas
Se vende apartamentoL small flats in tourist , coastal areas
Se vende finca: Fincas are estates that consist of an old house surrounded by land with olive, orange and lemon groves and wooded areas
Se vende terreno: a plot of land. Some people buy plots of land in Spain to build a house on
HOMELESSNESS
11,844 homeless people in Spain (2008)
22,238 homeless people in 2012
only counts people who have used homeless shelters, meaning real number could be higher
45% say they lost their jobs
26% say they could not afford to continue to pay their rent
20.9% broke up with their partners
12.1% evicted from their homes
46% of homeless people are foreigners
In Spain, at least 23% of homeless people have a disability
HEALTHCARE
Spanish National Health System:
Established in 196
Spanish healthcare service is regularly rated amongst the world's best
Guarantees universal coverage and no upfront expenditure from patients apart from paying a proportion of prescription charges
Spain spends about 10% of its GDP on healthcare
Ranked 6th in the EU for # of doctors
around 4 doctors per 1,000 people
Survey showed Spanish women outlive all other nationalities apart from Japanese
Average life expectancy: 85.1 years
Spain has both private and public healthcare
You don't need to have private health insurance to get medical treatment but it usually allows you to get faster treatment of non-emergency procedures in Spain
Spain has bi-lateral agreements with countries such as Andorra, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador and Peru
Allows citizens from these countries visiting Spain for short periods of time to obtain free emergency medical treatment
State Healthcare System
free of charge to anyone living and working in Spain
As an expat, you are entitled to free state healthcare if:
you are a resident in Spain and work in employment and pay social security contributions
Resident in Spain and receiving certain state benefits
Resident in Spain and recently divorced or separated from a partner registered with social security
A child resident in Spain
A pregnant woman who is a resident in Spain
Under 26 and studying in Spain
A state pensioner
Staying temporarily in Spain and have an EHIC card
following the reform, all social security benefits were under the supervision of the Ministry of Labor and Social Security
In 1988, the programs were allocated about US $22.5 billion
Unemployment insurance has been available in Spain since 1919
Spanish social security system is structured as follows
General regulations, as most widely applied plus supplemental others
Special regulations that assess professional occupations by their nature, particular conditions of time and place or the nature of production processes:
Agriculture
Self-employed
Domestic employees
Coal miners
Port and sea workers
Civil Servants
Protection provided by social security will cover:
Healthcare in the case of maternity, common, occupational illness or accidents
Professional care for said illnesses or accidents
Benefits for the following:
Temporary incapacity
Maternity
Death and survival
And for both contributory and non-contributory schemes:
Invalidity
Retirement
Unemployment
Employment retraining, rehabilitation of invalids and assistance for senior citizens
Criminal Justice System
17 regional governments and a central government
legal procedures are based on the European System
Age of criminal responsibility is 16 years
Police force is centralized, except for regional police in certain areas
Prosecutorial and judicial process is comprised of lay justices of the peace, magistrate penal courts, provincial penal chambers, juvenile courts and family courts
Sentencing decisions are made exclusively by judges
Penalties include prison, exile, suspension of public office and voting rights, driving permit revocation, and fines.
Prevalence
48.4% of population aged 16 and over consumes alcohol regularly; however, hazardous drinking is present in less than 7% of men and 3% of women
Cannabis is the illegal substance most commonly used
In 2005, 28.6% of respondents aged 15-64 reported lifetime use of Cannabis, followed by Cocaine (7%) and Ecstasy (4.4%)
Amphetamines and hallucinogens (3.4%)

Use of Ecstasy, amphetamines and hallucinogens has stabilized or is decreasing.
Use of heroin and volatile inhalants remain at low levels since 1999.
however, a trend towards an increase in experimentation with these has been seen,
Schizophrenia:
3.o per 1000 per year for men
2.86 per 1000 for women

27% of adult population in Europe had experienced at least one of a series of mental disorders in the past year
Mental Disorders:
Suicide
3,539 suicide cases in 2012
highest amount since 2005
second cause of death after cancer among men and women between ages of 25-34
Possible causes: unemployment rates
Treatment
drug treatment is mostly funded by the public budget of the central government
Healthcare and treatment for drug abuse and for other diseases are provided by the autonomous communities and cities
In 2010, this care network included 526 outpatient facilities that treated approximately 93,000 patients, 53 inpatient detoxification units that treated 3,984 users
Methadone was introduced and licensed as a treatment in 1990
works cited
http://www.presstv.com/detail/2014/02/01/348672/spains-suicide-rate-at-record-high/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Spain#External_boundaries_and_landform_regions
http://geography.about.com/od/spainmaps/a/spain-geography.htm
http://www.indexmundi.com/spain/demographics_profile.html
http://www.worldpopulationstatistics.com/spain-population-2013/
http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Geography_of_Spain.html
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/spain/weather-climate-geography
http://www.worldpopulationstatistics.com/spain-population-2013/
http://www.donquijote.org/culture/spain/society/customs/
http://www.euroresidentes.com/Property/vocab/spanish_houses_types.htm
http://www.west-info.eu/west-news/topics/family/homelessness/?t=646
http://www.ipsnews.net/2013/01/living-on-the-streets-no-longer-exceptional-in-spain/
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/spain/weather-climate-geography
(http://www.emcdda.europa.eu
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/spain/weather-climate-geography
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=169770
(http://www.euro.who.int/)
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