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SPTI C5 Day 1

;oihgj
by

Jill Green

on 23 February 2016

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Transcript of SPTI C5 Day 1

• Stereotyping
Obstacles to acceptance
The client is a fully functioning, self actualising individual, who is empathic and shows UPR for others. They can relate their previous therapy to present day real life situations. The clients have found a new way of being in the world and are able to live more openly in relationship, and takes guidance from his immediate experience rather than from the internal introjects of the past.
•Unless therapists can relate in such away that their clients perceive them as trustworthy and dependable as people, therapy cannot take place.
•Person centred therapists can only be as trustworthy for another as they are for themselves.
• If I am to be acceptant of another’s feelings and experiences and to be open to the possible expression of material long since blocked off from awareness, I must feel a deep level of acceptance for myself..
• If I cannot trust myself to acknowledge and accept my own feelings without adverse judgement or incapacitating self-recrimination it is unlikely that I shall appear sufficiently trustworthy to a client who may have much deeper cause to feel ashamed or worthless.
• If I am in constant fear that I shall be overwhelmed by an upsurging of unacceptable data into my own awareness then I am unlikely to convey to my client that I am genuinely open to the full exploration of his or her own doubts and fears.
Brian Thorne in,
Handbook of Individual Therapy
W Dryden 1996, Sage, London
We cannot invite our clients to journey further than we have been on our own journey.

Rogers 7 Stages of Process
Rogers 1967 A therapists view of Psychotherapy – On Becoming a Person
From Fixity to Fluidity
The seven stages form the basis of individual growth or personal development.

Experiencing - his experience may be the experience of others not of self.
Reorganising – he changes his own views and develops his own ideas
Developing - change.
Stage One
The client is extremely defensive and resistant to change; they are not likely to attend therapy. They communicate about the external world not about their self and internal world. His world is bound in structures formed in his past. Gendlin refers to this as ‘structure bound in his manner of experiencing’ He reacts to the present situation by finding it to be like a past situation and reacting to that past experience. He does not recognise that he has any problems.
Stage Two
The client is slightly less rigid and will talk about external events or other people – again not likely to attend for therapy.
They will communicate about non-self topics
Problems are perceived to be external to self – stuff happens to them
There is no sense of personal responsibility in any given problem – it happens to them
Feelings are un-owned or described as past objects…. Lack of use of I …..
Feelings may be exhibited but are not recognised or owned.
Stage Three
Clients talk about themselves but as ‘objects’ they avoid discussion of present events.
Rogers believed that people might enter therapy at this stage. He observed that there was a freer flow of expression about self related experiences as objects. There is expression about the self as a reflected object existing primarily in others. More expression about feelings and description of feelings and personal meanings. Still little acceptance of the feeling, and that they are something shameful, bad, abnormal, unacceptable.
Stage Four
The clients express present emotions and are beginning to rely more on their own decision making abilities and increasingly accept more responsibility for their actions = the autonomy stage.
Stage Five
Now the clients begin to express present emotions. They are beginning to rely more on their own decision making abilities and increasingly accept more responsibility for their actions.
Stage Six
Clients show rapid growth toward congruence and begin to develop unconditional positive regard for others; this stage signals the end of the road for formal therapy
Phenomenological experience is becoming part of their lives. Feelings are being accepted in the moment without being pushed aside or denied. Self as an object tends to disappear and experiencing takes a process quality. Physiological changes occur, tears, sighs, and relaxation of muscle tension can be noticed.
Stage Seven
Clients move from a ‘fixed view of the world which keeps them hostage to fortune, to a more fluid state where inevitable changes they face in life can be engaged by managing their fears and being honest or congruent with themselves of others.
Unconditional Positive Regard
It is the acceptance of a client without judgement or conditions attached = caring,
Prizing (Rogers), valuing, respect.
‘It is far more than simply refraining from judgement, or holding and attitude of ‘however you are is aright by me’. Here, there is a positive affirmation of the client down to the very essence of their being, a confirmation of their uniqueness, individuality and humanity. At these times,……….the therapist has a real sense of the intelligibility and wonder of the client’s way of being a deep valuing of how they are in the world’. (Mearns and Cooper 2005 p43)
Treating each person as a unique human being – demonstrating non possessive caring and acceptance of them irrespective of their behaviour.
UPR facilitates change BUT we need to be able to value our self before we are able to offer UPR. Genuineness comes before Empathy and UPR and the effectiveness of the counselling will depend on the degree to which the counsellor is integrated and genuine.
How do we do it??
The counsellor does not judge by a set of rules and standards, we suspend our own judgment.
Acceptance is a special kind of loving which moves towards people as they are, maintaining their dignity and personal worth.
Accepting their strengths and weaknesses, their favourable and unfavourable qualities, positive and negative attitudes, their constructive and destructive wishes, thought, feeling and behaviours.
Acceptance is client –centred, it is directed to the needs of the client, not the counsellors needs. It recognises the potential of the client for self-help. It encourages the promotion of growth of the client. Acceptance contains elements of the counsellors’ thought - knowledge, psychological grounding) feelings (use of self) and behaviour (which must be congruent with what we say)
Acceptance is client –centred, it is directed to the needs of the client, not the counsellors needs. It recognises the potential of the client for self-help. It encourages the promotion of growth of the client. Acceptance contains elements of the counsellors’ thought - knowledge, psychological grounding) feelings (use of self) and behaviour (which must be congruent with what we say)
Qualities of acceptance
• Concern
• Compassion
• Consistency
• Courtesy
•Firmness
• Interest
•Listening
• Moving toward
• Prizing
• Valuing
• Warmth
• Lack of knowledge of human behaviour
•Blocks or blind spots within self,
e.g. conscious hidden agendas or unconscious unresolved conflicts.
• Attributing ones feelings to the client
• Biases and prejudices, values, beliefs
•Unfounded reassurances’, unwillingness to explore
• Confusion between acceptance and approval
• Loss of respect for the client
•Over identification with the client,
which may be and unconscious blind
spot of a conscious hidden agenda.
Welcome to C5
* ensure that any electrical heaters and appliances you switch on are switched off when you vacate a room, and that you leave rooms as you find them.
* please wash up all your cups and tidy round the common room each evening so that the cleaner can clean!
This weekend we have the group presentations.
Negotiate which group will have which time slot and write your names and the title of your presentation in the space.
Ensure you have sufficient feedback forms.
Nominate one member of your team to write up the feedback for the presenting group, one group = one form.
These will be copied later so that each member of the presenting team receive feedback.
Towards the 'fully functioning person'.
‘I can’t get anything right – can’t ever finish it’ A very black and white differentiation
Personal constructs are rigid and unrecognised, as being constructs, rather thought of as facts
Experience bound in structures of the past…… rather than trying to communicate with people or have relationship….. I meet on an intellectual level.

Qualities of Effective Therapists
From Fixty to Fluidity
House keeping

Please switch off/silence your mobiles
Please use only the common room for food and drink at break and lunch
Ensure that you use the right bin for the right rubbish!
No smoking in or around the buildings
Please leave all rooms used in a clean and tidy amnner each evening

Thank you!!
Full transcript