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The Frustration- aggression hypothesis
Transcript of The Frustration- aggression hypothesis
The frustration-aggression hypothesis (Dollard et al., 1939) tried to deal with some of the limitations of instinct theory. Linked to drive theory it proposes that frustration always leads to aggression and aggression is always a result of frustration.
The players in a major final are trying to achieve a good performance (drive) and success (goal-orientated behaviour). If the player is continually tackled and sees the opposition constantly blocking the ball they may become frustrated.They are then driven to do something about it (increase drive), possibly playing or working harder. If the frustration continues, this drive may become an aggressive drive and result in breaking the rules of aggressive behaviour. Such aggressive behaviour will reduce frustration, which in turn will have a cathartic effect in the short term. However, in the long term, it may have a negative effect on the game and possibly result in further frustration.
Criticism of the frustration-aggression hypothesis
The Frustration-aggression model has been found to have little credence in sport due, in the main, to its insistence that frustration always leads to aggression. Critics point out that:...
1. Using examples from sport, show what you understand by the frustration-aggression model.
2. Give one example of why the Frustration-Aggression hypothesis is criticised.
The Frustration- aggression model
The model is cyclical.
1. Drive to goal
2. Obstacle to a goal
5. Punishment usually leads to more frustration
1. Not all frustration leads to aggression in sport- people have been increasingly shown to be able to deal with frustration in alternative shown to be able to deal with frustration in alternative ways, for example learned helplessness.
2. Aggression can be a learned response and does not always happen as a result of frustration.
3. Individual and situational differences are not taken into account
4. The cathartic effect of aggression in sport is not upheld
5. Some aggressive participants have been shown to become more aggressive through participation in sport