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St 7.3 WWII

A Timeline of major WWII Events

Adam Powley

on 25 February 2015

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Transcript of St 7.3 WWII

Operation 7 - A Timeline of WWII
Sept 1, 1939 - Germany invades Poland to end the Appeasement phase
Sept 3 - Great Britain, France declare war on Germany
Sept 5 - US declares NEUTRALITY
Sept 29 Soviets and Germany divide up Poland
Jan-June '40 - Germany captures Belgium, Holland and France
July 10-Dec 10 - Battle of Britain
WWII's "Big Three" Allied leaders
Charles de Gaulle (leader of "Free France")
The Big Three met throughout the war to make war and post-war plans
Sept 27 - Tripartite Pact (Germany, Italy, Japan) signed
Sept 27 - Tripartite Pact (Germany, Italy, Japan) signed
Look for ways WWII actually leads to distrust and tension between them following victory
March 11 - US begins Lend-Lease. At this point we are in an "undeclared war"
June 22 - Germany begins Operation Barbarossa (attack on Soviet Union)
July 3 - Stalin begins scorched earth campaign (lasts through German retreat in Dec 1941)
July 26 - US freezes Japanese assets in response to Japanese aggression in China and other Asian territories
Aug 14 - Atlantic Charter (GB/US) signed
Dec 7 - Japan bombs Pearl Harbor while "negotiating" with the US to end sanctions
Dec 8 - US declares war on Japan
(Germany declares war on US Dec 11 --> US declaration against Germany)
Dec 11 - Germany declares war on US (see Japan and Pearl Harbor Dec 7)
Nov 8 - Operation Torch
The Allies opened a 2nd front in Mediterranean
The Soviet Union was tired of taking all of the German attack

The SU thought this was intentionally delayed so the Fascists and Communists would continue to kill each other (DISTRUST)

Wanted to secure middle eastern oil fields
Feb 2 -Battle for Stalingrad ends
Sept 13- Battle of Stalingrad begins
lasts through Feb 1943
more Soviet casualties (DISTRUST)
First major defeat of the German army
turned the tide of the Eastern Front
Italians surrendered fairly quickly
Germans continued a bitter fight
June 6 - D-day Invasion (part of Operation Overlord
finally opened the long awaited second front for the Russians
it only took 3 YEARS! (DISTRUST)
Dec 16 - Jan 25 The Battle of the Bulge
the last German offensive
a desperate attempt to break the Allied Western Front
the beginning of the end for the Nazis
After the Battle of the Bulge the Allies began to march toward Berlin from the West and the Soviets marched in from the East.
notice any similarities?
Soviets control Eastern Europe (want Communism)
Democratic Allies control West Europe (want Capitalism)
This is the beginning of the Cold War Tensions
WWII's "Big Three" Allied leaders
Charles de Gaulle (leader of "Free France")
The Big Three met throughout the war to make war and post-war plans
Look for ways WWII actually leads to distrust and tension between them following victory
June 4-7 Battle of the Midway
unexpected victory for US
stopped Japanese advance towards US
puts Japanese on the defensive
US begins the "Island-Hopping Campaign" which would last for the rest of the Pacific campaign
US attacked some islands and bypassed others
goal was to reach Japanese Mainland
Japanese soldiers were tenacious and vicious
Feb 19 - March 26 Iwo Jima
part of island hopping
needed a base for allied bombers to attack Japanese mainland
April - mid June - Battle of Okinowa
the last major island needed to start the bombing campaign
The Atomic Decision
Japanese brutality and tenacity forced US leadership to consider a direct attack on the Japanese mainland
US attempted to get Soviets involved in the Pacific (the Soviets occupied N. Korea)
also explains why the US started a fire-bombing campaign
The US wanted to prevent US casualties from a direct land attack
decided to use nuclear weapons to end the war
Conspiracy Theory Answer
the US dropped the A-bomb knowing the war was almost over as a way to intimidate the USSR
The Build-up
The Logical Answer
First, note the Allies and the Axis Powers
Allies = Great Britain, France, United States, Soviet Union
Axis = Germany, Italy, later Japan
Japan becomes militarily aggressive in Asia
US decides to pursue European front first
After 2 nuclear attacks on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagaski the Japanese surrendered unconditionally
The Cold War
Full transcript