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Eczema Project

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by

Bryan Truong

on 20 May 2015

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Transcript of Eczema Project

Eczema
By: Bryan Truong

It's thought to be linked to an overactive response by the the body's immune system to an irritant.
Commonly found in families with allergies or asthma.
For some, coming into contact with rough or coarse materials may cause the skin to become itchy. Example: Wool
For others, feeling too hot or too cold, exposure to certain household products like soap or detergent, or coming into contact with animal dander may cause an outbreak.
Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) Causes:
Blisters
Itching
Redness
Dry, crusted, scaly, and thickened skin induced by repeated scratching.
Symptoms of Eczema( Atopic Dermatitis)

The goals for the treatment of eczema are to prevent itching, inflammation, and worsening of the condition.
Most doctors will start patients on basic therapies. Keeping the skin well hydrated through the application of creams or ointments (with a low water and high oil content) as well as avoiding over-bathing is an important step in treatment.
Treatment part 1 - avoid irritants and triggers where possible
Treatment part 2 - moisturizers
Treatment part 3 - steroid creams and ointments (topical steroids)
Treating Eczema
Types Of Eczema
Contact Eczema
- objects that touch our skin cause this type of eczema. The skin may become irritated or develop an allergic reaction. Many people develop contact dermatitis when jewelry that contains nickel touches their skin
Dyshidrotic Eczema
- found only on the hands or feet, this eczema often causes a burning or itching sensation and a blistering rash.
Hand Eczema
is a common condition affecting up to 10% of the population. It results from a combination of factors, both internal (e.g. your genetic make-up), and external (e.g. contact with irritants and allergens such as chemicals).
Discoid Eczema
- It is very distinct with ‘coin shaped’ discs of eczema the size of a fifty pence piece that start off slightly bumpy, usually on the lower legs, trunk or forearms.
Celebrities With Eczema
Kate Middleton, Nicole Kidman and Brad Pitt are handful of the celebrities that live with eczema.
Visual
Corneocytes are terminally differentiated keratinocytes and compose most if not all of the stratum corneum, the outermost part of the epidermis.
NMF- The skin tends to dry out quickly because of the lack of a substance called “NMF” (for natural moisturizing factor)
An important component of the substance that holds water in the outer layer of dead skin is a family of substances called ceramides, which are in the skin of someone with atopic dermatitis. The skin lacks the ability to retain water and the barrier is defective. The living cells with their sensitive nerve endings therefore can be easily irritated which causing itching.
What is it and who Does It Effect?
Eczema is a common skin condition marked itchy and inflamed patches of skin. The most common is atopic dermatitis

Eczema is a chronic problem for lots of people – it's estimated that eczema affects 35 million Americans: 1-3% of adults, and 10-20% of children. Seventy percent of cases start in children younger than 5 years old, and about 60% of infants who have eczema continue to have one or more symptoms in adulthood.

Effects babies, children and adults, male or female,
as well as people from different ethnic
backgrounds.
Where Does Eczema Occur?
The location of eczema on the body depends upon the age of the person. In infants and very young children, eczema most often involves the face, chest, and back of the scalp, since these are the areas where the child is able to scratch.
In older children and adults, the location of eczema often involves the skin in the bend of the elbows and behind the knees, since these flexural areas are the most easily scratched. Eczema can also involve the face, eyelids, and may be limited to the palms of the hands and soles of the feet, particularly in adults.
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