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Transcript of POLAND
Mountains? Sea? We have it all!
WHERE IS THAT COUNTRY?
Basic facts for the beginning
size: 312,679 km2 (9th in Europe)
currency: złoty (PLN)
anthem: Poland is not yet lost
political system: parliamentary republic
president: Bronisław Komorowski
Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
HERE IT IS!
recent: news from the EU
dominant religion: catholicism (87%)
Maria Skłodowska Curie
Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk has been chosen for the President of the European Council He will officially take the post on 1 December 2014.
JOHN PAUL II
THE BEGINNING OF POLISH COUNTRY
The legend of Lech Czech and Rus
In the Polish version of the legend, three brothers went hunting together but each of them followed a different prey and eventually they all traveled in different directions. Rus went to the east, Čech headed to the west, while Lech traveled north. There, while hunting, he followed his arrow and suddenly found himself face-to-face with a fierce, white eagle guarding its nest from intruders. Seeing the eagle against the red of the setting sun, Lech took this as a good omen and decided to settle there. He named his settlement Gniezno (Polish gniazdo - 'nest') in commemoration and adopted the White Eagle as his coat-of-arms. The white eagle remains a symbol of Poland to this day, and the colors of the eagle and the setting sun are depicted in Poland's flag.
nations and ethnic groups: 97,1 % Polish
joined EU: 1st May 2004
During the Easter time we dye eggs- those colorful eggs are called "pisanki".
On Easter Monday there is a very ancient Easter tradition called “Smingus-Dyngus” – custom of pouring water on one another.
In Poland, name days (imieniny) are widely celebrated. Printed in every local calendar, these name days represent the feast days of Catholic saints. Some names are even repeated more than once in a calendar year, in which case you celebrate the first of your name days to fall after your birthday.
IMIENINY- your second birthday!
In Poland the tradition of twelve dishes during Christmas Eve supper is practiced.
We also leave one spare plate as a place for an unexpected guest.
As a symbol of Jesus' birth in a stable we put some hay under the cloth.
HOW TO BE POLISH?
Do we really complain a lot? Yes, we do like complaining especially about politics, work, football, train system.
Poland is well known for friendly and hospitable people. There is a polish saying: "when the guest in your house, God Himself is there".
Vodka! Polish people are very proud of their long tradition of producing alcohol. It is said that Polish vodka is the best in the world.
POLISH LANGUAGE IS SO SIMPLE!
It is the second most widely spoken Slavic language, after Russian and just ahead of Ukrainian, which comes third. Polish language is highly inflected which is the main reason why this language seems to be difficult for foreigners.
MAZURY -Lake district
W Szczebrzeszynie chrząszcz brzmi w trzcinie i Szczebrzeszyn z tego słynie.
In [the town of] Szczebrzeszyn a beetle buzzes in the reed, for which Szczebrzeszyn is famous.
presentation by Natalia Cichy
1. What is the capital of Poland?
2. Give the name of one famous Polish person.
3. Which flag is Polish one?
Polish history in a nutshell
966- the baptism of Poland. The first historically documented ruler of Poland, Mieszko I, was baptized and adopted Catholic Christianity as a nation's official religion. Poland became a formal country from this moment.
1384- a ten-year-old girl named Jadwiga was crowned King of Poland and a new era began. At the age of twelve she married Jagiello, Grand Duke of Lithuania, uniting their two lands and creating what would eventually become the largest kingdom in Europe.
1410: Victory at Grunwald. Polish-Lithuanian army defeated German-Prussian knights.
1569- the union that created Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth with one elected king
1795 -1918 there were three partitions of Poland (1772, 1793, 1795), after which Poland stopped existing as a country. Poland was divided by its three neighbors: Russia, Prussia, Austria. There were two national insurrections in 1830 and 1864.
1918-1939: Interwar independence
The First World War threw Poland’s occupying powers into conflict and gave the divided nation their chance to regain independence. While 11 November 1918 is recognized as Poland’s Independence Day, the reunited country fought on for another three years before defeating Soviet armies and securing the eastern border. After 125 years of separation, in administration as well as in language and culture, the three sections of Poland struggled to reconnect, rebuild and reinforce their economic and military power.
1939-1945: The enemy returns
Poland was once again divided between eastern and western powers, and an attack that aimed at the complete destruction of the country’s political, intellectual, cultural and spiritual strength was launched. Those of the intellectual elite were arrested or executed; hundreds of thousands of high-ranking officers were massacred by the Soviets; millions of Polish Jews, as well as political leaders, writers, priests and other civilians were interned and exterminated by the Nazis. Uprisings in the Warsaw ghetto in 1943, and throughout Warsaw in 1944, were brutally crushed, whole neighbourhoods were liquidated, and at the end of the long struggle, the Red Army marched in over the ruins, claiming the role of liberator and protector. A few twisted arms later, and the Communist party was securely in power, while the spirit of the nation – poets, writers, artists, politicians – once again went underground or abroad.
1946-1989: Communist reign
The famed Solidarity movement began as a shipyard trade union in 1980 and developed into a massive peaceful protest against communism that eventually broke Soviet control in Eastern Europe. The Polish government reacted to initial workers’ strikes by instituting martial law in December 1981, banning Solidarity and clamping down on controls, but both internal and international support of the movement grew until communist authorities were forced to confront the collapse of their empire. The first elections of the Third Polish Republic were held in 1989, making Lech Walesa, leader of Solidarity, its first President.
1st May 2004 -Joined the European Union
The Constitution of May 3, 1791
the first constitution in Europe, the second in the world!
4. Name of the Polish currency