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Salem Witch Trials
Transcript of Salem Witch Trials
1692-1693 What Led to the Salem Witch Trials? What were the Outcomes? Mia Andrea
Ashley Dyer Riley Short Alyssa Fellhoelter How do Historians interpret these Events? "Examination of a Witch" Who was Involved? How do Historians Interpret these Events? Trial Results In the area of Salem, Massachusetts..... *over 150 people accused *19 hung on Gallows Hill in 1962 *1 crushed to death *5 Died of illnesses in jail Summit of Gallows Hill Other Effects on Society *no workers- all arrested *sawmills abandoned *land suffered
-crops unattended to Why the Trials Ended? *once leading people in the colony were accused, the trials stopped, declared by Governor Phipps *those awaiting trial were released -minister Cotton Mather and Phipps's Wife Governor Phipps Restoring Good Names * the trials declared unlawful by the people involved (Judge Samuel Seawall) * Court declares
- 1697: a day of fasting/ soul-searching to acknowledge the Salem Tragedy
-1702: the trails unlawful * bill passed in declaring the good name and rights of the accused & £600 restitution to the their heirs "It were better that one hundred Witches should live, than that one person be put to death for a witch, which is not a Witch"-Increase Mather, a minister (father of Cotton Mather) *Historians believed that the trials were a form of religious punishment. Works Cited *http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/brief-salem.html?c=y&page=2
*http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/salem/ASAL_DE.HTM *"Witches" were accused mostly because of something religious/ a religious practice or felony they did. Also if a person found them suspicious, they could send them to a trial. *If enough people testified, the "witch" was found guilty. Hanging at Gallows Hill *http://www.rivier.edu/journal/RCOAJ-Spring-2007/J90-Purdy-Salem-Trials.pdf "Circle Girls" *Historians claim that the Salem Witch trials were a work of religious bigotry and irrational power. *They say it is, "...fascinating because no one explanation of the event has ever been universally accepted." * Jan. 1692: 4 girls in Salem village who expressed bizzare behaviors
~ incoherent babbling
~hysterical fits/ seizures
~trying to fly
*after a month of this, doctors said they were "under an evil hand"
*then accused 3 other woman for performing witchcraft on them *There are many theories that instead of witchcraft taking place, the cause for mass hysteria and people going mad (led to being accused of being a witch) have been thought to be something such as egrot poisoning. Betty Parris *"leader" of circle girls * the minister's (Samuel Parris) daughter * 9 years old Abigail Williams * age: 11 * cousin of Betty and niece of minister Ann Putnam *publicly apologized for faking the entire thing *age: 13 Woman Accused By the Girls *1st 3 accused witches of the Salem Witch Trials
*accused by the 3 girls of performing witchcraft on them Sarah Good *1st of 3 to be accused by the girls
*died/ hung from gallows on July 19, 1692 Sarah Osborne * the 2nd of the 3 to be examined
* died in jai on May 10, 1692 before before being tried in court Tituba * Paris' slave (Indian woman)
* first witch to confess in Salem
- did this to avoid further punishment
- apologized to Betty and named Osborne and Good witches
* by confessing so early on, she avoided going to trial and was let free from jail *http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarah_Osborne http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/salem/asa_tit.htm Giles Corey * refused to go to trial after being accused
* died September 18, 1692
- died by torture: heavy stones were placed on him until he died How it all started... Events That Led to the Trails
*There are a few factors that created a fertile ground for fear and suspicion and contributed to the chaos in the Salem village
*strong belief in the devil
*rivalry between families within the village
*Recent Small Pox Epidemic 1641 English law makes witchcraft
a capital crime 1684 England declares that the colonies
may not self govern 1688 *Martha Goodwin, who is 13 years old, begins exhibiting bizarre behavior after an argument with laundress Goody Glover
*Days later her younger brother and two sisters exhibit similar behavior
*Glover is arrested and tried for bewitching the Goodwin children
*Glover is hanged yet Martha Goodwin's bizarre behavior still continues and worsens 1688 Reverend Cotton Mather publishes Memorable Providences, Relating to Witchcrafts and Possessions
November, 1689 Samuel Parris is named the new minister
of Salem. Parris moves to Salem from
Boston, where Memorable Providence was
January 20, 1692 Eleven-year old Abigail Williams and nine-year-old
Elizabeth Parris begin behaving much as the
Goodwin children acted four years earlier. Soon
Ann Putnam Jr. and other Salem girls begin
*http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/salem/ASAL_CH.HTM Mid-February, 1692 Doctor Griggs, who attends to the "afflicted" girls, suggests that witchcraft may be the cause of their strange behavior.
February 25, 1692 Tituba, at the request of neighbor Mary Sibley, bakes a "witch cake" and feeds it to a dog. According to an English folk remedy, feeding a dog this kind of cake, which contained the urine of the afflicted, would counteract the spell put on Elizabeth and Abigail. The reason the cake is fed to a dog is because the dog is believed a "familiar" of the Devil.
Late-February, 1692 Pressured by ministers and townspeople to say who caused her odd behavior, Elizabeth identifies Tituba. The girls later accuse Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne of witchcraft.
February 29, 1692 Arrest warrants are issued for Tituba, Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne.