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Parts of sentences

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Cameron Harris

on 18 March 2013

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Transcript of Parts of sentences

By: Caty Mara and Cameron Harris Parts of a Sentence What is a sentence? What are the four different types of sentences? What is the subject and predicate? Direct and Indirect Objects Parallel Structure practice Compound Parts of a Sentence Declarative- Is used to make a statement of a fact, wish, intent, or feeling.

Imperative- Is used to state a command, request, or direction. The subject is always "you". Subject- The person or thing about which something is said.

Predicate- Tells or asks something about the subject.

"Predicate" means to proclaim, declare, or affirm. The predicate word is a linking verb (state-of-being verb)

The simple predicate of the sentence is the verb.
Nouns, pronouns and adjectives can be predicate words (linking verbs) that connect the subject to the simple predicate. Within compound sentences, parallel structure is the repetition of a chosen grammatical form.

Correct: Mary likes to hike, swim, and ride a bicycle.

Incorrect: Mary likes hiking, swimming, and to ride a bicycle. Direct Object: is a word or group of words to which the verb carries over the action from the subject.
The captain loved his ship. (word)
They disliked leaving the others there. (phrase)
John wondered what was required. (clause)

Indirect Object : Tells to or for whom, or to or for what, something is done.
Mr. Greenwald gave the class an example. (to the class).
Father bought me a new suit. (for me) Compound Subject: A box of soap and a bundle of laundry stood by the washing machine.

Compound Verb: The cat bit and clawed.

Compound Direct Object: She purchased buttons and bows.

Compound Indirect Object: Mother sent Ralph and Bill gifts.

Compound Object of Preposition: Tim excelled at baseball and chess.

Compound Predicate Word: The night was clear and cool.

Compound Predicate: The soldiers raised their rifles and fired at their targets. Interrogative- Is used to ask a question.

Exclamatory- Is used to express a strong feeling. He sang the song. (simple predicate)

Gus will be the next president. (predicate noun)

The guest was someone they all knew. (predicate pronoun)

Her accceptance speech was eloquent. (predicate adjective) A group of words that expresses a complete thought. Agreement Don't vs. Doesn't Collective Nouns Nouns in plural form Titles and groups of words Words of amount and time Some nouns are plural in form but are regarded as singular: news, politics, economics, hysterics, etc. Titles of books, plays, or compositions, as well as names of countries are used with singular verbs, even if they are in plural form. Words that express time, fractions, weights, measurements and other amounts are usually regarded as singular. A collective noun names a group of people or things. When the writer refers to a group acting together AS ONE UNIT, the collective noun is used with a singular verb. If the writer refers to the individuals in a group ACTING SEPERATELY then the collective noun is used with a plural verb.

Once the writer decides whether the collective noun stands for a collective unit or a group of individuals then he/she cannot change their mind! The most difficult part of agreement occurs when a a subject follows the verb. The speaker must think ahead to the subject so they can decide if the verb is singular or plural. This problem usually happens when sentences begin with the words THERE and HERE. I also happen when questions begin with the words WHO, WHY, WHERE, WHAT and HOW.
Here come the floats and the band
What's the plan for tomorrow?
Where is the telephone?
Predicate words always agree with the subject.
Strawberries were Jane's choice.
Doug's problem is his grades.
Wishing and hoping are hardly a solution. Subject Verb Agreement The word DOES and the contraction DOESN'T are used with singular nouns and with the pronoun HE, SHE AND IT.

The word DO and the contraction DON'T are used with plural nouns and with the pronouns I, WE, YOU and THEY. Congratulations!
You are now a grammar master.
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