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Byzantine Empire

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on 4 November 2015

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Transcript of Byzantine Empire

Justinian's End
-Riots break out in the city when people
become upset with the government
(Nika Rebellion)

-Justinian considers fleeing but Theodora
convinces him to stay

-She was a loyal adviser to her husband

-He stays and eventually dies in 565

Justinian's Building Projects
-Rebuilt Constantinople

-Loved church building;
best example: Hagia Sophia

-Also built: aqueducts, schools,
hospitals, and law courts
Justinian's Code
-Passion for law led to regulating all laws (outdated and contradictory)
Justinian (527)
-Emperor who wishes to regain Rome's
glory
-Head of politics and the church
-Brutal politics (assassinations often)
-Successful army led by Gen. Belisarius

-Conquered Italy and most of the
surrounding territory
Byzantine Empire
Capital- Constantinople
(Greek City Byzantium)
-Justinian Code was created:
-simplified Roman law
-ensured fair treatment for all
-Code served for 900 years
Theodora
(wife)
-She was from a low class in society

-She fought for more rights for women in Justinian’s Code (right to inherit property)

-Politically intelligent & influential
Society & Culture
Trade -Busy markets, goods
from Asia, Africa

-Greek words "horse" & "race course"
-chariot races,performances
-held 60,000 spectators
Hagia Sophia

Constantinople
-food stands
-street performers
Hippodrome
-Beautiful church
-Rebuilt after the original was destroyed in riots
Roman Catholic
Eastern Orthodox
-Services in Latin

-Pope has authority over church and emperors/kings

-Services in Greek

-Emperors were head of church (no popes)

-Based off of Jesus
& Bible
-Seek to convert
others
-Clergy can not marry
-Clergy can marry
Collapse
-Many setbacks after Justinian's death
Factors:
1. Justinian's Plague (Bubonic Plague)
-Thousands were dying every day

-After it faded away, a HUGE portion of the population was destroyed
Collapse
2. Attacks/Invasions
-Frequent raids from: Lombards, Avars, Bulgars, and Slavs (626)

-With the rise of Islam, many Arab armies attacked relentlessly

-The empire begins to shrink

-Constantinople finally falls to the Ottoman Turks who invade in 1453
*mostly spoke Greek*
-Created Mosaics
L
A
B
S

O
ombards
vars
ulgars
lavs
ttomans
Full transcript