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Text Structure

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by

Maria Calderon

on 17 March 2014

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Transcript of Text Structure

Text
Structure

Nonfiction
Organizational
Patterns


Text
Structure
Chronological
Cause and Effect
Explains the reasons why something happened
Or
Explains the effects of something



Sequence
/Order of
Importance
Steps that occur in order
Compare

and

Contrast
Compare
= Find Similarities
Problem
and
Solution
Author states a problem and solution(s)
Similar to
Cause
and
Effect
ALL stories are chronological
Nonfiction has lots of text structures
Each paragraph may be different
We'll Learn

5 Types
Chrono

= In order of time, dealing with numbers
Stories are told
chrono
logically
Put on shoe
Make two loops
Tie loops together
Tighten Laces
Boy Moves Away
Boy Meets Girl
They Fall in Love
The End
Get Bread
Open Jars
Spread Peanut Butter
Spread Jelly
Enjoy
Does not take place at any specific point in time
Not Feeding it
Not Petting it
Not loving it
Why the dog
ran away
OR
Lots of Karate movies in the 1960's
Many Karate Schools opened
Nunchuk sales increased 400%
Hospital cases went up
Eagles are
endangered
Make laws to
protect them
Basically
Cause
and
Effect
with an opinion and and answer
Contrast
= Find Differences
Shows what's in common and what's different
Apples and Oranges
Alike fruits
Have seeds
Are healthy
Different Colors
Tastes
Locations
Starts
easy
but gets
hard
Practice
Read the paragraph
Identify the text structure
Write it down
1.

1
Deviled Eggs
First, pop out the egg yolks into a small bowl and mash with a fork. Then, add mayonnaise, mustard powder, vinegar, salt and pepper and mix thoroughly. Next fill the empty egg shells with the mixture and sprinkle lightly with paprika. Finally cover lightly with plastic wrap and refrigerate for up to one day before serving.
There are two popular sports played at Ericson, basketball and volleyball. Both take place inside of the gym at Ericson. Also, each sport has two teams of people. In basketball, however, the ball can be played off of the floor, and in volleyball, the ball cannot touch the floor or it is out of play. Basketball and volleyball are popular sports at Ericson.
3
The Lazy Student

When Tim woke up, he didn't want to go to school. His mom took him anyway. So, he went to school, but he didn't do any work. The days passed and Tim still didn't do any work. Mr. Morton called Tim's house, but Tim still wouldn't do any work. Finally the report cards came out, and Tim failed his classes. Tim was sad.
4
Failing Classes

Lots of students fail classes. Some student fail because the work is too hard for them. Other times they may fail because they are lazy, and don't do any work. Another reason why students fail is because they don't go to school. If you're not in class you may miss a lot. Many students fail classes every quarter.
5
Passing Classes
A lot of students have been failing classes. These students wouldn't be failing classes if they studied more, asked questions, tried harder, and came in for extra help. Even though a lot of students fail classes, they may have options if they want to pass
6
Gail Denvers
Denvers experienced the highlight of any sprinter's career, as she stood on the huge platform in the giant stadium and received the Olympic gold medal.
Eighteen months earlier she wasn't thinking about running. She was hoping that she would be able to walk again.
Just four years earlier, in the summer of 1988 as Denvers was training for the Olympic Games, to be held in Seoul South Korea, she began to feel very tired all the time and failed to make the Olympic finals.

Generally, there are three categories of circus clowns—whiteface, august and character. Each has a specific makeup style and costume. Each has a typical act as well.
The neat whiteface is usually a strict, in-charge character who sets up the punch line for the joke with a partner His facial features are neatly detailed in red or black. Circus legend has it that the august clown got his name from a German nickname for someone who is clumsy. The august wears light-colored makeup, but white is used around the mouth and eyes, and there’s a big red nose. This clown performs a great deal of slapstick humor.
Character clowns perform as different personalities—cowboys, scarecrows, grandmothers or symphony conductors. The most famous character clown, however, is the tramp. Tramps wear different styles of makeup and costumes that are torn or shabby. Some tramp clowns are happy-go-lucky. Others are extremely sad. Still others act like gentlemen who just happen to be out of money.

7
Three types of Circus Clowns
8
How to use a microscope
Plug in the lamp
Place a sample of what you wish to observe on a slide.
Adjust the mirror so it reflects light from the room up into the objective lens.
Place you slide with the specimen directly over the center of the glass circle on the stage.
With the LOW POWER objective lens placed over the slide, use the coarse focus knob.
Look through the eyepiece with one eye while closing the other eye.
Use the fine focus knob to fine
9
Fewer Toads
Though toads are still around, they no longer are as common in some areas as they were a few decades ago. The growing use of insecticides has reduced their numbers. The chemical sprays usually do not harm toads, but cut down the animals food supply. Thereby, the toads do not have enough food to survive. There are fewer toads in many areas populated by humans.
Dr. Knapp doesn't want people to sit back and let the toad vanish. He believes that everyone is responsible for restoring the toad species. Dr. Knapp thinks we could help restore the toad population if we stop mowing parts of our lawns and let the grass grow wild to reserve spaces for the toad. He also believes we need to stop using pesticides and fertilizers. The chemicals kill the insects that toads eat. If we preserve some spaces in our lawns and stop using fertilizers, Dr. Knapp believes we can save the toads
Answers

1. Sequence
2. Compare and Contrast
3. Cause and Effect
4. Cause and Effect
5. Problem and Solution
6. Chronological
7. Compare and Contrast
8. Sequence
9. Cause and Effect
10. Problem and solution

2
Sports at Ericson High School
There are two popular sports played at Ericson High School, Basketball and Volleyball. Both take place inside of the gym at Ericson. Also, each sport has two teams of people. In Basketball, however, the ball can be played off the floor, and in Volleyball, the ball cannot touch the floor or it is out of play. Basketball and Volleyball are both popular sports at Ericson.
7
Three types of Circus Clowns
Generally, there are three categories of circus clowns-whiteface, august, and character. Each has a specific makeup style and costume. Each has a typical act as well.
The neat whiteface is usually a strict, in-charge character who sets up the punch line for the joke with his partner. His facial features are neatly detailed in red and black
Circus legend has it that the august clown got his name from a German nickname for someone who is clumsy. The august wears light-colored makeup, but white is used around the mouth and eyes, and there's a big red nose. This clown performs a great deal of slapstick humor.
Character clowns perform as different personalities-cowboys, scarecrows, grandmothers or symphony conductors. The most famous character clown however is the hobo. Hobos wear different styles of makeup and costumes that are torn or shabby. Some hobo clowns are happy-go-lucky. Others are extremely sad. Still others act like gentlemen who just happen to be out of money.

10
Restoring Toads
First
Next
Then
Finally
Full transcript