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Copy of Dr. Benjamin Spock-Theorist Presentation
Transcript of Copy of Dr. Benjamin Spock-Theorist Presentation
Born May 2, 1903 in New Haven Conneticut
Died March 15, 1998 in La Jolia, California at age 94 Pediatrician Family Doctor Psychiatrist Professor Born to Benjamin Ives Spock and Mildred Stoughton Spock
and was the oldest of six children ATTENDED
Columbia University Medical School
New York Psychological Institute Married to Jane Cheney in 1927, but divorced and then married Mary Morgan in 1976 Nine Editions of Spock's
"Baby and Child Care" 5 Stages
of Child Development Spock's
Theory Stage 1: Period of Trust Occurs during the early months of an infant's life
Period where confidence in parents and the surrounding environment is established
When children are physically helpless and emotionally agreeable
Parents can not tell the difference between cries (hunger, fatigue, fear, etc) Stage 2: Period of Autonomy Occurs during toddler years
The toddler strives for independence
Development of self-control and self-reliance
When a toddler gains his/her own sense of individuality and will power
Parents experience some loss of control Stage 3: Period of Initiative Occurs during preschool years
The introduction to preschool means children gain a considerable amount of freedom
"Imitation Through Admiration"
Children have difficulty separating from parents (vice versa)
Fear is a major problem because of a child's active imagination and fantasy life Stage 4: Period of Industry Occurs during school age
When a child learns to win praise by preforming and producing results
This stage is when a child tries to fit in with an outside group of friends and to move away from their parents
Parents express feelings of hurt and disappointment
Children still need parental support at this stage despite attempts of self-assurance
Parents need to give support that respects their child's feelings of pride Stage 5: Period of Adolescence Peer-orientated stage in a child's development
Parents are needed to still continue to set appropriate limits, instill worthwhile values and provide an example of positive role models Spock's Theory Misconceptions Many child care professionals were scared that this "radical" theory would ruin the youth and adults of the future Most people interperted Spock's theory in the wrong way and unfairly labelled it "permissive" By the 1960s when the first generation of children brought up using Spock's method's turned into draft dodging, free loving hippies, the "Baby Doctor" was blamed Before Spock Before the introduction of Spock, child care was influenced by authoritarian ideals
It consisted of strict schedules and carefully planned and distributed displays of affection
the 40s era was a time of rigid feeding schedules and strict rules of behaviour
Kissing and cuddling with your baby was thought to spoil children so it was discouraged Dr. Benjamin Spock taught parents not only how to care for children and babies, but how to raise them throughout their lives
He particularly focused on boomer children, but the later editions of his book "Baby and Child Care" were revised to address the issues surrounding newer generations as society changed
Spock believed that parents are the true experts in the child care of their own children
He encouraged parents to trust their instincts, to be flexible in the way they raise their children and to ultimately see their children as individuals too
He believed that cuddling babies and giving affection to children only makes them feel happier and more secure
Parents should be reasonable, friendly and consistant with children while still setting limits to ensure structure and discipline Spock believed that a parent's job is to steer a course in which their children's OWN needs and wishes are met
He introduced the revolutionary idea that parenting can be fun and that parents can actually enjoy their children
He told parents to not be afraid of doing something wrong and to tust themselves and their own common sense
He reassured parents that it is okay to be irritated, impatient and frustrated and eliminated the ficticious idea of the "perfect parent"
What mothers and fathers instinctively feel they should do for their child is the BEST The Legacy of Dr. Benjamin Spock and the Importance of his Theory to Parents Ever since the introduction of "Baby and Child Care" in 1946, Spock has revolutionized the world of child care. His revolutionary spin on child care's authoritarian predecessor changed parent's views about raising their children forever and for the better. Spock empowered parents and gave them confidence in themselves to question established authority figures and long held beliefs in child care. It allowed them to not be afraid of what is deemed right or wrong and to trust their own common sense and instinct. Without Spock and his theories, parents and society as a whole would not have developed the ideals and values that we hold today to not look at children as products from the same package, but as individuals with unique ways of growing up and developing into strong and caring human beings. "Trust Yourself. You Know More Than You Think"
-Dr. Benjamin Spock Benjamin Spock. (n.d.). New Netherland Institute. Retrieved February 21, 2012, from
Meyerhoff, M. (n.d.). TLC Family "Theories of Cognitive Development". TLC. Retrieved February 21, 2012, from
Neddlman, R. (n.d.). About Discipline. Raising Children Network. Retrieved February 21, 2012, from
Sharon Doyle Driedger (1998, March 30). Obituary: POWER TO THE CHILD: Dr. Spock liberated babies, and their
parents. Maclean's, 56, Retrieved from http://elibrary.bigchalk.com
Spock, B., & Parker, S. (1998). Dr. Spock's baby and child care (Rev. and updated 7th ed.). New York: Pocket
Stevens, H. (2012, January 8). Orlando Sentinel. "Dr. Spock's “Baby and Child Care” empowered, encouraged
parents." Retrieved February 22, 2012, from http://elibrary.bigchalk.com
What Was Benjamin Spock's Theory. (n.d.). The Q&A Wiki. Retrieved February 23, 2012, from
Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopaedia. (2004, July 22). FL: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Retrieved February 21, 2012,
from http://www.wikipedia.org References EMOTIONAL