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Batteries ISP

This is my 2nd Independent Study Project.

Esther Yue

on 17 June 2013

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Transcript of Batteries ISP

Well anyways, first of all......
What do batteries have in them, and how do they work?
Second type: The secondary/storage battery!
Storage batteries, AKA rechargeable batteries, have particular materials for the electrodes to let them be recharged. After partial or complete discharge, they can be recharged by the flow of direct electrical charge without changing direction. Of course eventually the storage battery will not be able to recharge anymore.
Types of batteries
and more....

How does nickels,
pennies, and lemon
juice conduct electricity?
We will be doing an experiment
using nickels, pennies, and lemon juice to create a
makeshift battery.
Later, I will be showing you how is works.
This might not work because I'm using old lemon juice and coins...
-battery. (2013). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/56126/battery

-Hart, Dylan, perf. The Six Cent Battery. Household Hacker, 2010. Film. 13 May 2013. <<http://www.y.outube.com/watch?v=F3xGHnj2wZU>.

-Banks, Richard. "Case Study: Battery Types". UC Davis Chem Wiki. University of California, 2011. 13 May 2013

-En.wikipedia.org (1940) List of battery sizes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. [online] Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_battery_sizes [Accessed: 15 May 2013].

-Leaking alkaline battery was personal experience!

-"Facts About All." : Quick Facts about Batteries. N.p., Tuesday Nov. 2010. Web. 24 May 2013.
a battery
Batteries are little container devices that when inserted properly into a small socket, can create energy.
It's by using stored chemical energy and turning it into electrical energy.
(I will explain later)
Batteries are made of a positive and negative plate called the cathode (positive) and the anode (negative). They must be separated using electrolytes so they can conduct electricity.
First type: The primary battery!
These batteries are used until there is no more voltage left, then is disposed.
In the experiment, we used substitutions. The penny and nickel were the zinc and copper, and the penny was represented as the cathode, and the nickel was represented as the anode. One set/cell includes a nickel, lemon juice, and a penny. Since the lemon juice has a lot of electrolytes, the acid inside it help it break down and conduct electricity, by allowing electrons to flow.
Some common types of batteries are alkaline, biobatteries, dry-cell, zinc-carbon, mercury, lead-acid, and nickel-cadmium.
THE END!!!!!
and........circular batteries (to put in a watch or something else)
(By the Way, this also works with potatoes itself)
This alkaline battery leaked. When this happens, it forms a powdery substance that is toxic and very dangerous.
Portable electricity that you can hold........
Hope you enjoyed!!!
Luigi Galvani
Cool Facts!
Did you know that......
- Battery life can be extended a little by storing the batteries at a low temperature, as in a fridge, which slows the chemical reactions in the battery, by about 5%, but however, if alkaline batteries are stored at higher temperatures they will start to lose capacity much quicker. At 85 degrees Fahrenheit they only lose about 5% per year, but at 100 degrees they lose 25% per year. Some companies such as Duracell do not recommend refrigerating batteries.
-americans purchase 3 billion batteries every year only to power radios, toys, cellular phones, watches, laptop computers, and portable power tools
-car batteries have the highest recycling rate out of all recycled materials
-one Nickel-Cadmium phone is powerful enough to pollute 600,000 L of water!
-lead-acid batteries use over 80% of the lead produced in the United
Lead-acid battery-
sulfuric acid as the electrolyte
Wet-cell battery-
sometimes called flooded, made from plastic or glass container filled with sulfuric acid and lead plates are submerged
Dry-Cell battery-
stores energy in an electrolyte paste. They are different from wet-cell batteries because energy is stored in a paste instead of a liquid, maximizing portability.
Types of batteries:
Even More citations...
-Asmus, Richard. "Wet Cell Battery Vs. Dry Cell Battery." EHow.
Demand Media, 08 Oct. 2009. Web. 24 May 2013.
-Partington, Rebecca, and Lucy Oppenheimer. "What Is a Dry Cell Battery?" WiseGeek. Conjecture, 14 May 2013. Web. 24 May 2013.
-Bellis, Mary. "Battery." About.com Inventors. About.com, n.d. Web. 24 May 2013.
-"Dry Cell Battery." - Batteries. N.p., n.d. Boundless.com Web. 24 May 2013.
-"Battery Recycling - Safe Disposal Green Living." Interesting Facts of Battery. Gravita Technomech, June 2010. Web. 24 May 2013
- http://www.wikihow.com/Dispose-of-Batteries-Safely-and-Properly
There are also different sizes in batteries too, if you have ever noticed while finding the right size to operate on a certain object. There is: (from biggest to smallest)
Examples of sizes of batteries!
By the way, an electrolyte is a substance used to conduct an electric current as a result of the separation of negatively and positively charged ions.
The first thing you think about batteries:

A metal container, colorful wrapping around it, and it's used to operate your toys, electrical appliances, and your remote control.
No! Batteries are really interesting! How does the electricity come out? How do you get it to stay inside and store energy? How does it operate things?
Note: There will be a short quiz at the end of this...........
NOW FOR THE QUIZ!!!!!!!!!!
1. What is an electrolyte? (like, what does it do?)
ANSWER: An electrolyte is a substance used to collect the energy from the separation of the charged ions and transform it into energy.
2. Who invented the very first battery?
3. What materials does the MAKESHIFT battery require and what are their roles to conduct electricity?
The lemon/penny battery requires
-lemon juice
The lemon juice acts as an electrolyte an helps
conduct the separated ions, the penny acts as the
cathode and the nickel acts as the anode.
Name at least 5 sizes of batteries (their names)
4.5 volt, D, C, AA, AAA, AAAA,
A23, 9-volt, CR2032, and LR44.
A battery explosion occurs when occasions such as trying to recharge a primary battery, or short circuiting a battery. Car batteries are more likely to explode, because they contain hydrogen, which is very flammable. When "jumping" a car battery, it causes rapid release of large volumes of hydrogen, and can be lit up by any spark.
"Jumping" a car means getting a boost by starting your car with the help of another.
Environmental concerns
Toxic metal pollution is one of the biggest environmental concerns. Used batteries usually contribute to electronic waste, which can affect peoples' health and cause pollution problems. Though, recycling batteries properly and disposing them correctly prevents dangerous elements such as mercury and lead.
In 1996, the US banned the sale of mercury batteries, due to pollution and difficulty of disposing them.
Swallowing batteries.........
...............It might sound weird, but is possible.
Usually batteries are swallowed by accident, it can lead to tissue damage and sometimes people can choke on them, but older children have no problem ingesting circular batteries less than 24 mm in diameter.
But it's still dangerous!!!!
5th question
How does a car battery set
a condition for exploding?
(what would a person do)
If you "jump" a car battery, it causes a very fast release of hydrogen, and can be lit up anytime by sparks.
In this presentation I will give you the basics about batteries......
Those are the 3 parts needed
for a battery to work.
(not literally)
Timeline of the history of batteries:
1748- Benjamin Franklin made the term "battery" describing a set of charged glass plates.
1780 to 1786- Luigi Galvani researched about nerve impulses and provided research for later scientists like Volta. He created the very first battery.
1859- French inventor Gaston Plante invented the first useful rechargeable battery.
1964- Duracell is incorporated.
My ISP will be on....
It's what we use in our everyday lives.
Without batteries, we wouldn't have wristwatches, cars, radios, laptops, and even cell phones! We just never think about this electric device.
You can safely dispose batteries by
these steps:
1. Alkaline batteries can be safely disposed of with normal household waste. So......you can throw it out.
3. Older batteries, such as ones before 1997, should always be recycled.
4. There will usually be a company somewhere such as BatteriesPlus, Battery Solutions, or Earth911 where they would always be happy to take back batteries.
5. If you dispose batteries incorrectly, it could result in toxic chemical release in the landfill and a buildup, also in the landfill. A freaky fact is: Batteries are highly toxic, and what you dump today, you drink in 50 years.
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