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Principles of Project Management
Transcript of Principles of Project Management
Has a clear beginning and end
Brings about change
Different from business as usual Define Plan Implement Close Evaluate Stages of a Project Resources Goals Project Manager Project Management Technology What is Project Management? Training / Experience Time
Product Scope Business case
Project Initiation Document (PID) Gantt Chart Stage Gate/Phase Gate Methodologies PRINCE2 PMI Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, motivating, and controlling resources to achieve specific goals.
The primary challenge of project management is to achieve all of the project goals and objectives within the preconceived constraints. The primary constraints are scope, time, quality and budget. The 1950s marked the beginning of the modern project management era. - UK developed
- Method for successful management of projects - US developed
- A collection of best practices for managing a project which a project manager ought to know (PMBOK - project management body of knowledge) + others Comparison Defining the objectives and the factors to be considered to make the project successful. Outlines the plan as to how the project should be executed (the project management triangle comes into play). Undertaking work to deliver the outcome of the project. Acceptance of the deliverables A few more concepts relevant to R&D - Scope Creep - additions to the project scope
- Gold plating - conscious decision to deliver more that agreed
- Stage gating - project divided into stages, decision to progress to next stage decided by client / steering committee Case Study Group exercise The three constraints in a project management triangle are:- Time- Cost- Scope Stakeholders Anyone who has an interest in the project. The following are examples of project stakeholders:
Project team members
Product user group
Project testers The project management team must identify the stakeholders, determine their requirements and expectations, and, to the extent possible, manage their influence in relation to the requirements to ensure a successful project. People are key - communication skills with project team and stakeholders