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First Inuit contact
Transcript of First Inuit contact
In 1939 the federal government declared all Inuits Indians under the federal jurisdiction.
Native customs were worn down by the actions of the RCMP and commissionaires.
In the 1960s, the Canadian government funded the establishment of government-operated high schools in the Northwest Territories (including what is now Nunavut) and Inuit areas in Quebec and Labrador.
The Inuit population was not large enough to support a full high school in every community, so only a few schools were built, and they boarded students from across the territories there.
Canada's 1982 Constitution Act recognized the Inuit as Aboriginal peoples in Canada, but not First Nations.
In 1576, Frobishers search for the Northwest Passage was the first well-documented post-Columbian contact between Europeans and Inuit.
Frobisher's expedition landed in Frobisher Bay, Baffin Island, not too far from the settlement now called Iqaluit.
Frobisher encountered Inuit on Resolution Island where five sailors left the ship, under orders from Frobisher, and became part of Inuit mythology.
The homesick sailors, tired, attempted to leave in a small vessel and vanished.
Frobisher brought an Inuk to England, possibly the first Inuk ever to visit Europe.
The Inuit oral tradition, in contrast, recounts the natives helping Frobisher's crewmen, who they believed had been abandoned.
Hudson Bay Company Ship
By Natasha Beattie, Najat Omer, Nick Kathrens, Matt Palmer
Portugese and Basque fishers and whalers started to hang around the western North Atlantic.
In 1501 Gaspar Corte-Real encountered and captured several dozen Inuit peoples and took them back to Europe.
Other explorers encountered Inuits more often in the 15th and 16th centuries.
In the late 18th century, the Moravian Church began missionary activities in Labrador, supported by the British.
The Moravian missionaries could easily provide the Inuit with the iron and basic materials they had been stealing from whaling outposts, materials whose real cost to Europeans was almost nothing, but whose value to the Inuit was enormous and from then on contacts in Labrador were far more peaceful.
Hudson's Bay Company Ships bartered with Inuit off the Upper Savage Islands, Hudson Strait in 1819
The European arrival damaged the Inuit way of life, causing mass death through new diseases introduced to the natives by whalers and explorers.
Enormous social disruptions were also caused by the distorting effect of Europeans' material wealth.
Inuit society in the higher latitudes had largely remained in isolation during the 19th century.
First Inuit Contact
On October 30, 2008, Leona Aglukkaq was appointed as Minister of Health, becoming the first Inuk to hold a senior cabinet position.
Though she is not the first Inuk to be in cabinet altogether, Jack Anawak and Nancy Karetak-Lindell were both parliamentary secretaries from 1993 to 1996 and in 2003.
To what extent does cultural contact affect people?
Cultural contact can affect people to the point that they slowly start to lose things that are important to their lifestyle. With the Inuit we found that it can have a negative effect when the other culture is ethnocentric and has lots of resources like the Europeans. It can get to the point where one of the cultures lose what makes them unique.
Morrison, R. Bruce. Wilson, C. Roderick. Native Peoples: The Canadian Experience, Third Edition (Oxford University Press, 2004)
Used to be called the Eskimos which means "eater of raw meat.
Last Native People to arrive in North America.
Lived in a large part of northern Earth.
nic cage was here