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Madagascar & The Indian Ocean Islands A Biodiversity Hotspot

Why it is considered a Hotspot
by

Jolene Wagner

on 3 June 2011

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Transcript of Madagascar & The Indian Ocean Islands A Biodiversity Hotspot

Madagascar A Biodiversity Hotspot By Jolene A biodiversity hotspot is region with a significant reservoir that- is under a threat from humans Southeastern trade winds dominate the climate and weather of Madagascar Producing a hot rainy season November–April, with destructive cyclones And a relatively cooler dry season from May–October. 80% of all plant/animal species found in Madagascar are ENDEMIC!!! Humans were thought to have lived there since 200 BC and 500 AD Many animals depended on humans, while many Went extinct becasue of them. Climate At 587,000 square kilometres Madagascar is the world's 46th-largest country And the fourth-largest island The Topography varies from 2000 m to sea level. 20 million People live here. The first settlers encountered Madagascar's wealth of animals, - INCLUDING- Giant lemurs, elephant birds, giant fossa and the Malagasy hippopotamus Which have since become extinct due to hunting and habitat destruction Immigrants from Indonesia settled Madagascar in the central highlands. & African and Arabian immigrants settled on the coasts. Many different kingdoms developed, but in the early 1800's- the Merina kingdom took control of the island. European missionaries & traders were welcomed by the Merina kingdom Until Queen Ranavalona I kicked them out in the 1840's. And they built churches and schools, But When she died in 1861, the Europeans returned And the French made Madagascar a French colony in 1896. Later, during World War II, it became a self-governing French state. In 1960, Madagascar gained complete independence. and from then The name for the people of Madagascar is Malagasy. The Aye-Aye is a nocturnal lemur living in the rainforests of Madagascar and feeds on insect larvae Lepilemurs are nocturnal and feed on leaves AND are quite vocal at night. Ringtailed Lemurs live in the dry forests of southern/western where they feed on fruit, flowers, leaves, and bark Madagascar Fossa are active both in trees and on the ground And are excellent climbers using their long tails for balance & retractable claws for climbing straight up & down tree trunks Crocodilus niloticus, the Nile crocodile, is found in freshwater habitats In Madagascar. This species was once widely abundant and greatly feared in the country but years of hunting For its skins has made it a threatened species. On they have goverened themselves The ethnic groups in the highlands tend to resemble Indonesians, & those of the coast tend to look more like Africans. There are many rivalries among the two groups, The official languages of Madagascar are Malagasy and French. but they share control of the government. Malagasy is a combination of Malay and Indonesian. About half of the people are Christians, Almost all children go to elementary school, & one-tenth are Muslim where most of the rest believe- In local African religions. Ancestor & spirit worship are a main part of those religions. They spend a lot of time making beautiful tombs The Comet Moth (also known as the Madagascan Moon Moth) and caring for their cemeteries. Most of the people wear jeans and t-shirts like Canadians but each religion has a certain kind of straw hat that they wear on special occasions. but only about one-fifth end up going to high school. The madagascar orchid, is a very beautiful flower And this special species is only found in Madagascar!!! But due to deforestation & over picking this plant is Endangered!!! is on its way to the endangered species list. Many of the Plants that live in Madagascar only live here because of the climate, it is very moist & other ares it is very dry. Madagascar is the only place in the world where these animals live!! The Madagascar Palm tree Animals Plants These cool trees are like many trees that live here meaning they LIVE NOWHERE ELSE! The Madagascar Palm tree lives by many rivers & loves the sunlight that is given by the area Leaf-tailed geckos rely on coloration as they sleep with their Leaf- Tailed Gecko heads downward, flattened against tree trunks and adjusting their body coloration to their surroundings. Inactive during the day, Leaf-tailed geckos only move when disturbed. & when the night has arrived they enjoy a nice helping of insects HISTORY Meaning they only live HERE Ringtailed Lemur Aye-Aye Lepilemur Fossa Nile Crocodile Comet Moth is known for its huge tail—up to 8 inches (20cm) in length. Madagascar Orchid Because of Deforestation & human population going up this beautiful Area has become a Hotspot meaning that it is indanger of being killed by humans. Now it is time for you to help If you would like to help save Madagascar please see me after the presentation Thank you for your time The End All of these animals are known for 1 thing THEY ARE ONLY ABLE TO LIVE IN MADAGASCAR And their favorite food is the lemur And the natives believe that they are back luck!
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