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World Heritage -
Transcript of World Heritage -
Come on lets go explore our World!!
Think Pair Share -
What do they all have in common?
Can they be found all around the world?
Are there different types?
Why are we protecting them?
Who is responsible?
What questions do you have about World Heritage?
Share on the class padlet.
Have you ever been to one of
Our world contains
(human) features that are important and significant to many people.
Some of these features should be protected and conserved for the benefit of all global citizens, as they are part of our heritage.
Natural and Cultural
Our legacy from the past
What we live with today
What we pass on to future generations
The idea of forming a group of people for protecting special heritage places in the world was first discussed after the First World War.
However it did not happen until 1972 before the group was actually formed. It was called the World Heritage Committee and was run by UNESCO
Way back when...
What do the letters stand for?
Can you describe in your own words what UNESCO does?
How many sites are there? Can you guess?
What is the process for listing a site?
There are six steps.
Can you see if you can try and create the six steps yourself.
National governments decide on which sites in their country are important cultural and natural heritage and which ones they would like to nominate in the next 5-10 years and put them on the tentative list.
A file that includes maps and statistics about the site is prepared by the government.
World Heritage Centre
The file is submitted to the World Heritage Centre for them to review and check it is complete.
When the file is complete it is sent to one of the advisory bodies for evaluation. If it is a cultural site the files is sent to ICOMOS, if it is natural it is sent to IUCN.
World Heritage List
Once all files and sites have been evaluated the World Heritage Committee makes the final decision about which ones will go on the World Heritage List. This Committee meets once a year.
For the site to be included on the list it must meet at least one of the 10 criteria . The site must be of
outstanding universal value.
The process for World Heritage Listing
do we need to ask when looking at World Heritage Sites?
What is it?
Where is it?
Why is it there?
Should it be like this?
What action is appropriate?
What are the effects of it being there?
How is it changing over time?
Criteria for selecting a WHS
Members of UNESCO decide which sites around the world are special by using criteria or reasons for selection.
To be included on UNESCO’s World Heritage List a place must be of outstanding value to the world.
A natural World Heritage site is one that has been created by natural processes –
humans have not made it.
a) It might represent major stages of the Earth’s natural history, including a record of life, geological processes and landforms, e.g Surtsey Island in Iceland
b) It might be an important natural habitat containing many species of plants and animals. Some might be threatened species. e.g Serengeti National Park.
c) It might represent
ongoing processes in
development of living things on land and water. e.g The Galapagos Islands
d) It might contain natural
phenomena or areas of
outstanding natural beauty and
importance. e.g. Cradle Mountain.
A cultural World Heritage site is one that has been created by humans.
a) It might show evidence of a civilisation that has disappeared, e.g Ancient Egypt and the Pyramids at Giza
b) It might be an outstanding building or landscape that represents significant stages in human history e.g the Great Wall of China
c)It might be an outstanding example of humans interacting with their environment e.g. The historical site of Petra
d) It might be associated with events or traditions, ideas or beliefs. e.g. Easter Island Statues
Case Study - Angkor Wat in Cambodia.
1. Watch the first half of the documentary.
2. Create a digital presentation about Angkor Wat and why it should be protected you can use - Powtoon, Padlet, Glogster, etc.
3. Watch second half of documentary
4. Create a newspaper headline about Angkor Wat
Managing World Heritage sites
Managing a protected area often involves many people and organisations.
These may government agencies, rangers and environmental groups.
Each of these play an important role in the management and protection of World Heritage sites.
UNESCO aims to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of heritage around the world considered to be the most important to humans.
UNESCO adopted an international treaty called the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage in 1972
This is an agreement between countries that have signed the convention
It sets out the duties that governments must do when looking after World Heritage sites
The Role of Governments
The governments of the countries that sign the convention agree to identify and nominate properties in their national territory.
It is their job to:
Report back to UNESCO at least once every 6 years
Copy the 6 bullet points on Page 75 from textbook under the heading
‘Role of Government’
Homework - Verso