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Poetry

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by

Jeff Hebert

on 27 September 2013

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Transcript of Poetry

Poetry
What is poetry?
Dictionary definition
: a literary work in which special intensity is given to the expression of feelings and ideas by the use of a distinctive style and rhythm
STRUCTURE of Poetry
Stanzas: a series of lines grouped together and separated by an empty line from other stanzas.
similar to a paragraph in an essay or a verse in a song
can be identified by the number of lines
Forms or Styles of poetry
Lyric poetry:
any poem with one speaker who expresses strong thoughts and feelings (most poems are lyric poetry)
Narrative poem
: a poem that tells a story
Descriptive poem
: a poem that describes the world surrounding the speaker with elaborate imagery and adjectives
Sound Patterns
Three other elements of poetry are
rhyme scheme
,
meter
and
word sounds.
these are sometimes collectively referred to as
sound play
Alliteration
: the repetition of initial sounds on the same line or stanza
B
ig
b
ad
B
ob
b
ounced
b
ravely
Assonance
: the repetition of vowel sounds (anywhere in the middle of a line or stanza)
T
i
lting at w
i
ndm
i
lls
Consonance
: the repetition of consonant sounds (anywhere in the middle or end of a line or stanza)
And all the air a
s
olemn
s
tillness holds

"Poetry is when emotion has found its thought and the thought has found its words." --Robert Frost
WHAT POETS SAY
:
"Poetry is the rhytmical creation of beauty in words." -- Edgar Allen Poe
"Poetry is the evidence of life." -- Leaonard Cohen
Classifications of stanzas:
Couplet (2 lines)
Tercet (3 lines)
Quatrain (4 lines)
Cinquain (5 lines)
Sestet (6 lines)
Septet (7 lines)
Octave (8 lines)
Poetry is the most compact form of literature. Poets express a range of emotions with a few carefully chosen words. To say so much wth so little, they use a variety of forms, sound devices, imagery and figurative language.
Haiku: an unrhymed poem, made up of 3 lines (a tercet) containing 5, 7 and 5 syllables respecively
Limerick: a highly structured poem, usually humorous. It consists of 5 lines in the rhyming pattern AABBA
An old, silent pond
The Frog jumps in the water
Splash! Silence again
The wayward old man of Kilkenny
Who had never spent a penny
He spent all the money
in onions and honey.
That wayward old man of Killkenny.
Rhyme
Rhyme is the repetition of similar sounds
End rhyme occurs between the ending sounds of one or more lines of poetry
Internal Rhyme occurs in the middle of a line
END RHYME:
I saw a fairy in the
wood
,
He was all dressed in
green
.
He drew his sword while I just
stood
,
And realized I'd been
seen
.

The rhyme scheme is
a
b
a
b
INTERNAL RHYME:
In mist or
cloud
, on mast or
shroud
It perched for vespers nin
Whiles all the
night
, through fog-smoke
white
Glimmered the white moonshine


Poems are written in lines which can vary in length.
Lines are grouped into stanzas
Gaily bedight
,A Gallant night,
In sunshine and in shadow,
Had journeyed long,
Singing a song,
In search of El Dorado

But he grew old-
This night so bold--
And in his heart a shadow
Fell as e found
No spot of ground
That looked like El Dorado.

And as his strength
Failed him at length,
He met a pilgrim shadow--
"Shadow", said he,
"Where can it be-
This land of El Dorado?"

"Over the mountains,
Of the moon
Down the Valley of the Shadow
Ride, boldly, Ride"
The shade replied--
"If you seek El Dorado."



# of
lines
-- 24
# of
stanzas
-- 4 (4 sestets)
Rhythm
: a poem's rhythm is the pattern of sound created by stressed and unstressed syllables
Stressed syllables
are those word parts that are read with emphasis ( / )
Characteristics: long, loud, and high pitched
Unstressed syllables
are word parts that are less emphasized ( U )
Characteristics: quiet, short and low-pitched
Example
:

/
U
/
force
ful
ly
Stressed
- unstressed -
stressed
Meter
: the regular pattern of
stressed
and
unstressed
syllables, which can be repeated from line to line
Example:
/ u u / u u
Half

a

league
,
half

a

league
/ u u / u
Half

a

league
,
on
ward
Blank Verse
: Any poetry that
DOES
have a set meter, but
DOES NOT
have a rhyme scheme is considered blank verse.

Free Verse
: Has no rules about meter or rhyme scheme whatsoever.
Word Sounds
Onomatopoeia
: words that sound like what they describe
Buzz, crash
Repetition
: the repetition of entire lines or phrases to emphasize key thematic ideas

Parallel structure
: a form of repetition where the order of verbs and nouns is repeated
I came, I saw, I conquered

Personification
: giving something, nonhuman or an object, human characteristics.
The teapot sang as the water boiled

Hyperbole
: an exaggeration so dramatic, no one would believe it's true
The shot heard 'round the world
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