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Transcript of Poetry
What is poetry?
: a literary work in which special intensity is given to the expression of feelings and ideas by the use of a distinctive style and rhythm
STRUCTURE of Poetry
Stanzas: a series of lines grouped together and separated by an empty line from other stanzas.
similar to a paragraph in an essay or a verse in a song
can be identified by the number of lines
Forms or Styles of poetry
any poem with one speaker who expresses strong thoughts and feelings (most poems are lyric poetry)
: a poem that tells a story
: a poem that describes the world surrounding the speaker with elaborate imagery and adjectives
Three other elements of poetry are
these are sometimes collectively referred to as
: the repetition of initial sounds on the same line or stanza
: the repetition of vowel sounds (anywhere in the middle of a line or stanza)
lting at w
: the repetition of consonant sounds (anywhere in the middle or end of a line or stanza)
And all the air a
"Poetry is when emotion has found its thought and the thought has found its words." --Robert Frost
WHAT POETS SAY
"Poetry is the rhytmical creation of beauty in words." -- Edgar Allen Poe
"Poetry is the evidence of life." -- Leaonard Cohen
Classifications of stanzas:
Couplet (2 lines)
Tercet (3 lines)
Quatrain (4 lines)
Cinquain (5 lines)
Sestet (6 lines)
Septet (7 lines)
Octave (8 lines)
Poetry is the most compact form of literature. Poets express a range of emotions with a few carefully chosen words. To say so much wth so little, they use a variety of forms, sound devices, imagery and figurative language.
Haiku: an unrhymed poem, made up of 3 lines (a tercet) containing 5, 7 and 5 syllables respecively
Limerick: a highly structured poem, usually humorous. It consists of 5 lines in the rhyming pattern AABBA
An old, silent pond
The Frog jumps in the water
Splash! Silence again
The wayward old man of Kilkenny
Who had never spent a penny
He spent all the money
in onions and honey.
That wayward old man of Killkenny.
Rhyme is the repetition of similar sounds
End rhyme occurs between the ending sounds of one or more lines of poetry
Internal Rhyme occurs in the middle of a line
I saw a fairy in the
He was all dressed in
He drew his sword while I just
And realized I'd been
The rhyme scheme is
In mist or
, on mast or
It perched for vespers nin
Whiles all the
, through fog-smoke
Glimmered the white moonshine
Poems are written in lines which can vary in length.
Lines are grouped into stanzas
,A Gallant night,
In sunshine and in shadow,
Had journeyed long,
Singing a song,
In search of El Dorado
But he grew old-
This night so bold--
And in his heart a shadow
Fell as e found
No spot of ground
That looked like El Dorado.
And as his strength
Failed him at length,
He met a pilgrim shadow--
"Shadow", said he,
"Where can it be-
This land of El Dorado?"
"Over the mountains,
Of the moon
Down the Valley of the Shadow
Ride, boldly, Ride"
The shade replied--
"If you seek El Dorado."
-- 4 (4 sestets)
: a poem's rhythm is the pattern of sound created by stressed and unstressed syllables
are those word parts that are read with emphasis ( / )
Characteristics: long, loud, and high pitched
are word parts that are less emphasized ( U )
Characteristics: quiet, short and low-pitched
- unstressed -
: the regular pattern of
syllables, which can be repeated from line to line
/ u u / u u
/ u u / u
: Any poetry that
have a set meter, but
have a rhyme scheme is considered blank verse.
: Has no rules about meter or rhyme scheme whatsoever.
: words that sound like what they describe
: the repetition of entire lines or phrases to emphasize key thematic ideas
: a form of repetition where the order of verbs and nouns is repeated
I came, I saw, I conquered
: giving something, nonhuman or an object, human characteristics.
The teapot sang as the water boiled
: an exaggeration so dramatic, no one would believe it's true
The shot heard 'round the world