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Egyptian Gods

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Lachlan Jones

on 20 February 2015

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Transcript of Egyptian Gods

Ancient Egyptian Culture
Egyptian Gods
To the Ancient Egyptians Gods were everything. these Not so realistic gods in our day were what they worshiped each and every day. the beliefs of these gods and deities formed the core of ancient egyptian religion. They formed the gods around what the earth had or what Happened, for example Nut, God of the Sky or ra god of the sun. Ancient Egyptians also made sacrifices to these gods in order to Continue to be blessed by these gods. In different Eras, different gods held the highest position in Egyptian society which was commonly credited with a sun on the gods head Like picture on the right. as egyptian society grew the all ancient egyptian began to recognize that the gods represented one divine power.
IN recent studies scientists have shown That there are thousands of gods in egyptian writings. and the first ever written evidence of gods in egypt is around 3100–2686 BC. the egyptian term used for god is ntr and ntrt for goddess. in Hieroglyphs god or goddess is commonly one of the symbols on the images on the left.

How Important Were Gods to Ancient Egyptians.
The gods in Ancient Egyptian times are rather different to today’s belief that there is only one heavenly god. Back in Ancient Egyptian times there were gods for everything you could think of, including gods for different vegetation or animals. And if something like an earthquake happened they would pray and make sacrifices to the respectable god. People relied on the gods to make help them and that why they were so important.
There are also lots of myths that the ancient Egyptians believed as of how the gods came about. THIS VIDEO IS ONE OF THE MANY CREATION STORIES THE ANCIENT EGYPIANS BELIEVED IN...
What role did Pharaohs play in Egyptian Culture
Translated into English Pharaoh means 'great House.' To the Ancient egyptians they believed that Their Pharoah was a human form of the god Horus, Who was the protector of Egypt. The Pharoah had many roles to do including watching over the law courts, Lead the army, controlled trade expeditions, supervised the water system and stored the grain so that people have simple necesities and was the chief of the temples. REsearch shows that every day the pharoahs had a schedule that went something like this:
1. Go to temple - Pray for gods
2.Go to vizier -REcieve News
3. Do a check of my land and structures
4. Get servants to entertain me and my wife!

Over all the life of a pharoah was pretty good and
all this because you were born into a family that
was believed to be Godly.
The Ancient Egyptian Class System
THe people in Acient egypt were divided and many social classes. if you were born into a slave family would be expected to be a slave and work all your life. But on the other hand, if you were born into the family of a merchant or even higher a government official you had the 0opportunity of schooling, learning to read and write to become successful.


IN conclusion i believe that ancient egyptian culture was quite civilized compared to cultures of earlier and later times. They had there earth like gods with their creation stories. There powerful and skillful pharaohs. there not so fair but affective class system and brilliant architecture. Over all ancient Egypt was a magnificent and powerful country but there was a bit of cruelty in the fact that there was a massive difference in the society. i think it would have been better if beside the Pharaoh that most people had equal rights. Last year me and my family visited the british museum and saw right before our eyes the amazing gods, pharaoh masks and even tombs built into the museum i know what a powerful civilisation egypt was. After studying Egypt i feel inclined to visit and see all of egypts history
and culture.
Ancient Egyptian Gods
RA was the of the Sun. He was also the most important god of the ancient egyptians who was believed to be swallowed by the sky god Nut At night and reborn Every morning.
Hathor was thought as the goddess of love joy and music. Hathor was the also the wife of Horus, and was sometimes realised of as the mother of the pharaoh.
Sekhmet was the goddess of war and destruction. She was the protector of the pharaohs and led them in warfare. It was also believed that her breath created the desert.
Nut was the god of the sky. the ancient egyptians believed that nut swallowed ra the sun god each night and gave birth to him each morning. it is also said that she was the mother of Isis, Osiris, Nepthys, Seth and the sister/husband of geb.
Geb was the god of the earth. he was the Father of Isis, Osiris, Nepthys, Seth and the brother/husband of nut. the ancient egyptians also believed that earthquakes were gebs laughter
osiris was the god of the dead and the ruler 0f the underworld. he was also the brother of Nepthys and Seth, brother/husband of Isis and the father of Horus.
seth was the god of the desert and was the brother of Osiris and Isis. He also murdered his brother Osiris, then battled with his nephew Horus to be the ruler of the living.
horus was the god of the pharoah and probably most well-known as the protector of the ruler of Egypt. he was also was the son of Isis and Osiris.

Isis was the goddess of Protecting. she used her magic speels to help people in need. Isis was the wife of Osiris and also the mother of Horus.
Thoth was the god of wisdom. THe ancient egyptians believed that Thoth gave the egyptians the privilege of hieroglyphics.
Anubis was the god of embalming and mumification. it is said that the Jackal head of anubis represented the jackals found at graveyards. anubis also watched over the process of mummifying people when they died.
Ma'at was the goddess of truth, justice and harmony. he was associated of the balance of things on earth. when people entered the afterlife it was ma'at who judged their heart to where they went. ma'at was also the daughter of ra the sun god.
amun was a very important god who created all things. even though we know this there are no stories about him and the ancient egyptians believed he was invisible. but if you called him amun re he became visable.
Egyptian Creation Myth
The Pharoah
the Leader or the land in ancient egyptian times was called a pharaoh. The person was believed to have been born a god in human form They had overall power over everyone and everything. After a pharaoh died a structure called a pyramid was built for the Pharaoh to be buried. the largest pyramid, that of pharaoh khufu is calculated that 2,300,000 blocks of stone averaging 2.3 metric tones each were used.
Government Officials
A group of trustworthy assistants to help the Pharaoh. These Officials or officers Guided the pharaoh with his decisions with what and what not to do and advised him about society. THese officials lived the good life with big banquets and feasts and were very wealthy.
These are some different types of government officials:


the chief treasurer

and the general of the armies
The vizier was second in power to the pharaoh, Helping him with day to day matters. The vizier a also acted as chief judge in court cases.
Chief Treasurer
The chief treasurer was responsible for organizing the pharaohs wealth along with collecting taxes. The Chief treasurer was also left with the big responsibility of Things coming to the royal palace
General of the armies
THe general of the armies was the commander of all the military in ancient egypt in order of the pharaoh. his job was to advise the Pharaoh of Matters of warfare and security of egypt. he also had the job of advising the pharaoh with who to make alliances with and who not to.
Ancient egyptian priests looked after the needs of THE gods. At the start of the day the Priest would sas prayers, wash the statue , places fresh clothing and jewels on it and places offerings of food and drink near it. After that THe Priest would offer Singers that would sing to the gods. At the end of the day The Priest Sealed off the temple and left.
Originally in Egypt People did not see the need for an army Because Egypt was well protected By its Deserts And sea. But after a while The Hyksos people Invaded Lower Egypt. The Pharaoh finally saw the need to Create an Army with soldiers. They learned how to make powerful chariots and Gather a Strong army made up of Archers And Charioteers. they took back lower egypt and began to conquer surrounding Lands
At a young age scribes were sent to school for scribes. But you couldn't just walk into school for scribes. you had to be the Child of a scribe yourself, or in some cases respected merchants. Scribe students spent a lot of their time practicing and practicing the egyptian hieroglyphics. They used reed brusehes dipped in ink to write. they would do this on flakes of limestone for five years until they perfected it.
The merchants in ancient egyptian were more like traders. they went to other countries to trade things like gold and papyrus - that can be made into paper or rope and cloth. in return the traders bought back woods, animal skins, elephant tusks and animals such as baboons and lions for the temples.
the artisans were sort of like the craftsmen of ancient egypt. they made sculptures, wall paintings, pottery, jewelery, furniture and also architecture were designed by the artisans. The most respected and best artisans were even chosen to decorate the wonderful pyramids and tombs.
Ancient egyptian farmers were the people who provided food for all of egypt. they were also the most common type of people who lived in villages along with 'higher up people'. the farmers grew crops like wheat, barley, vegetables, figs, melons, pomegranates and vines. they also grew flax that could be made into linen, which lots of others countries needed.
slaves were at the bottom of the ancient egyptian class system. they were bought, given to by will or even for not paying debt. these slaves got payed minimal or even nothing at all. there were different types of slaves as well, the faithful ones who worked for the pharoah and/or higher up people at the time. and then normal slaves.
the slaves did tasks from carrying things to hauling massive sand blocks to make pyramids.
Ancient Egyptian Architecture

IN ancient egypt, due to the lack of trees to make structures out of wood, the ancient egyptians used sun baked mud brick, stone - mainly sandstone or granite but sue to scarcity it was reserved for temples palaces and fortresses. The mud bricks were placed in molds, dried then used for building houses and many structures. THe mud brick had positives and negatives though, the positive was that its was cheap all you need to do was get mud from the Nile and put it in molds. the negative is that if you were in a village near the Nile, when the floods came your house would dissolve into the water. monuments like tombs and temples were made of stone but there was one difference temples were built on land and tombs were made underground in the side of a hill or the most obvious a pyramid.
Ancient Egyptian Architecture

Ancient Egypt has some of the most recognized architecture in the world its most well known would probably have to be the great pyramids of GIZA and the great sphinx of GIZA.
The ancient egyptians built Pyramids for their Pharaohs. From when a pharaoh is in rule the construction of the pyramid starts this is the reason some pyramids are bigger than others. There have been many arguments but there are believed to be about 118 to 138 pyramids standing today. but the most well known pyramid "Great Pyramid of giza" was finished around 2560 BCE and is 139 meters tall.
Google Images
British museum
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