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Transcript of Speaking
meaning Management of
interaction Expository: Description,
instruction, comparison Evaluative: explanation, justification
prediction, decision Service: job interview Social: dinner party Predictability and Unpredictability If language were totally predictable communication would be unnecessary. If language were totally unpredictable, communication could probably not occur Genre It refers to a purposeful, socially-constructed, communicative event.
SLA researchers believe that second languages are acquired through a process by which learners learn unanalysed "chunks" of language as formulae The difficulty of speaking
tasks One of the complications in determining the difficulty of speaking tasks is the so-called interlocutor effect Motivate students to talk while working with an unfamiliar interviewer Hearer's role A hotchpotch of topics Classroom Interaction Stimulating Oral
Interaction In The
Classroom Listen and repeat Listen/Read a model question and ask a partner Study a substitution table and make up sentences Listen to numbers and dates.. Read numbers
and dates and say them Listen to an interview. Ask and answer similar questions with a partner Conclusion It is useful to carry out an analysis of the materials and classroom tasks which form the basis of learner's speaking programs THANKS Elizabeth Contreras
Angela Arias A planning grid for speaking
and oral interaction Information Narrate describe instruct compare Expository Explain, justify, predict, decide Evaluative Management of interaction Negotiation of meaning Interaction Job interview
Booking a restaurant
Enrolling in school
L Dinner party
Etc Text 3 Well we had an even better time than that last week. We went up to Noosa for the weekend and stayed with Mina -Spent most of the weekend on the beach, of course. On Sunday, Tony took us out in his boat. Didn't fancy that much. Pity it's such a rotten drive back The generic structure of this text can be characterised
in the following way Introduction
Conclusion Well we had an even better time than that last week
We went up to Noosa for the weekend and stayed with Mina
spent most of the weekend on the beach, of course.
On Sunday. Tony took us out in his boat
Didn't fancy that much.
Pity it's such a rotten drive back Interlocutor Effect Static
Describing a car crash Abstract
Justifying a course of action Summaries More
Difficulty Even more
difficult Difficulty Brown (1983) S
A K I N G Long (1976) Bruton & Samuda (1980) Porter (1983)