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MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

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Adrienne Powell

on 21 January 2016

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Transcript of MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
Prerequisite

Pharnyx
Respiratory System
Lung
Course Objectives
At the completion of this unit, the student will able to:

1. Define, spell, pronounce, and discuss key terms related to the Respiratory System.
2. Identify and utilize word parts related to the respiratory system.
3. Identify and describe the major functions and structures of the Respiratory System.
a. Terms related to functions of the lungs, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, nose, tonsils, pharynx, and larynx.
b. Describe the structures in terms of upper and lower tract.
c. Discuss the lobes of the lungs, larynx and bronchial tree.
d. Compare and contrast the upper and lower tract, utilizing appropriate terminology
4. Discuss breathing disorders with emphasis on pronunciation and definition.
5. Recognize and utilize appropriately the most common abbreviations related to the respiratory system such as:

COPD,CSB,CF,PCP,PPV TB,URI,PFT,Br, SAS

6. Identify and discuss the medical specialists who treat disorders of the Respiratory System.


Define, Spell, Pronounce, and Discuss Key Terms Related to the Respiratory System.
Upper Respiratory Tract
Lower Respiratory Tract
Thoracic Cavity or Thorax
Nasal Septum
Cilia
Mucous Membranes
Mucus
Olfactory Nerves
Larynx
Epiglottis
Pulmonary
Pleura
RESPIRATION
Internal Respiration
External Respiration
COPD
Chronic Bronchitis
Emphysema
Asthma
Airway Inflammation
Bronchospasm
Cystic Fibrosis
Pleural Cavity
Mediastinum
Key Terms Related to the Respiratory System
Tonsils and Adenoids
Paranasal Sinuses
Epiglottis
Alveoli
Pathology of the Respiratory System
Objective
Identify and Describe the Major Functions and Structures of the Respiratory System
Airway Inflammation
Bronchospasm
Key Terms Related to the Respiratory System
Objective
Define and Discuss Key Terms of Upper Respiratory Diseases
Upper Respiratory Diseases
Allergic Rhinitis
Croup
Dipheria
Epistaxis
Influenza
Pertussis
Rhinorhhea
Sinusitis

Pharyngitis
Laryngospasm
Aphonia
Dysphonia
Laryngitis
Tracheorrhagia
Bronchiectasis
Bronchorrhea
Pleurisy
Pleurodynia
Pleural Effusion
Pyrothorax
Empyema
Hemothorax
Pneumothorax
Atelectasis
Pulmonary Edema
Pulmonary Embolism
Pneumorrhagia
Pneumonia
Objective
Define and Discuss Key Terms Association with Breathing Disorders
Upper Respiratory Diseases
Upper Respiratory Infection
Allergic Rhinitis
Croup
Diptheria
Epistaxis
Influenza
Pertussis
Rhinorrhea
Sinusitis
Breathing Disorders
Eupnea
Apnea
Bradypnea
Cheyne-Stokes (CSB) - Respirations/Breathing
Tachypnea
Dyspnea
Hyperpnea
Hypopnea
Hypervetilation

Hemoptysis
Expectoration
Objective
Discuss Terms Related to a Lack of Oxygen
Lack of Oxygen
Airway Obstruction
Anoxia
Hypoxia
Asphyxia
Asphyxiation
Cyanosis
Hypoxemia
Sputum
Phlegm
Objective
Discuss Surgical terms r/t the Nose, Throat, and Larynx
Surgical Terms
Laryngectomy
Laryngotomy
Septoplasty
TracheOSTomy
TracheOTomy
Pneumonectomy
Lobectomy
Thoracentesis
Thoracotomy
Respiratory System
Respiratory Failure
Tuberculosis
Objective
Discuss Diagnostic Procedures of the Respiratory System
Diagnostic Procedures
Bronchoscopy
Chest X-Ray (CXR)
Laryngoscopy
Polysomnography
Pulmonary Function Test (PFTs)
Spirometer
Pulse Oximeter
Peak Flow Meter
Treatment Procedures of the Respiratory System
Antitussive
Bronchodilator
Metered-dose Inhaler
Nebulizer
Word Parts
Naso/0, Rhin/o, nas/o
Sinus/o
Pharyng/o
Laryng/o
Epiglott/o
Trache/0
Bronch/o, Bronchi/o
Alveol/o
Pneumo/o, Pneumon/o, Pneu-
Ox/i, Ox/o, Ox/y
Phon/o
Pleur/o
-pnea
Pulmon/o, Pulm/o
Somn/o
Spir/o
Thorac/o, -thorax, Thor/a
Trache/o, trachea
-itis
-spasm
-rrhea
A-
-ia
-rrhagia
-ectasis
-isy
-dynia
Py/o
-thorax/c
Hem/o
Atel
Brady-
-eu
Tachy-
Dys-
Hyper-
Hypo-
Expector
-ation
-ptysis
An-
Cyan
-osis
Capn
Hyp-
-emia
-scopy
Poly-
-graphy
-meter
Anti-
Tuss
-ive
Endo-
-al
-ectomy
-otomy
Sept/o
-plasty
-ostomy
Lob
-centesis
Word Parts
Word Parts
nose
trachea
bronchi/bronchus
lung
oxygen
windpipe
septum
to cough up
chest, pleural cavity
excessive
pus
lung
cough
rapid
many
blood
slow
throat/pharynx
Or/o
mouth
larynx
-pharynx
throat
Ot/o
ear
-ologist
specialist
inflammation
involuntary contraction
abnormal discharge/flow
sinus
without
sound or voice
bad
abnormal condition
bleeding
stretching or enlargement
noun ending
pleura
pain
Fibros
fibrous
-is
noun ending
abnormal condition or disease
breathing
good
decreased
- ventilation
breathing
direct visual examination
without
Ox
oxygen
-emia
blood
sleep
process of recording
to breathe
blue
against
performs
to measure
within
pertaining to
surgical incision
surgical repair
surgical puncture to remove fluid
surgically creating an opening
surgical removal
chest
blood
state or action
spitting
lobe
deficient
carbon dioxide
alveoli
incomplete
Respiratory System
supplies the blood with oxygen for transportation to the cells in all parts of the body
Removes and some water waste from the body
capn
Upper Respiratory Tract
Nose
Mouth
Pharynx
Epiglottis
Larynx
Trachea
As opposed to....
Lower Respiratory Tract
Bronchial Tree and Lungs
These structures are protected by:
thoracic cavity or thorax a.k.a rib cage
Starting wiiiiiiiiiith.......
Warm Up!
Let's see what ya' got. NO PRESSURE!
Nose
Tell me what's up with the nose...
How air enters the body
Nasal septum
Contains cilia-
remove debris
Lined with mucous membranes with secrete
mucus
(notice spelling difference)
Mucus
protects and lubricates the tissues
helps moisten, warm, and filter air
Olfactory Receptors
Larynx
Voicebox
Vocal cords
Adam's apple
closes off the laryngopharynx
1st Division
2nd Division
3rd Division
(throat)
Receives air and food
Function:
Pharnyx
(throat)
Nasopharynx
Respiratory only
Oropharynx
Visible when looking into the mouth
Shared by Respiratory and Digestive System
Laryngopharynx
Respiratory and digestion
Food enters esophagus
Air enters the trachea
What's significant about the soft palate?
It moves up and back during swallowing to close off the nasopharynx
Why is this important?
Prevents food/liquid from going into the nose
Remember:
nasopharynx is respiratory only
windpipe
Contains:
connective tissue
heart
veins
arteries
esophagus
trachea
bronchi
thymus gland
lymph nodes
Diaphragm
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
The Pleura
thin, moist, and slippery membrane that covers the outer surface of the lungs and lines the inner surface of the thoracic cavity
Respiratory System
Visceral Pleura
inner layer of the pleura attached directly to the lungs
Parietal Pleura
outer layer of the pleura that lines the wall of the thoracic cavity and covers the diaphragm
Pleural Cavity/Space
produce surfactant
Respiratory System
Respiration or breathing
exchange of oxygen for carbon dioxide
Breath
a single respiration consisting of one inhalation and one exhalation
Ventilation
another word for moving air into and out of the lungs
Inhalation
taking in air
Exhalation
breathing out
What is going on with the diaphragm?
Respiratory System
External Respiration
bringing air in and out of the lungs
Internal Respiration
a.k.a. cellular respiration
gas exchange btwn., the blood cells and tissues
Medical Specialists
Otolaryngologist a.k.a. ENT
physician trained in diagnosing and treating diseases of the head and neck
Pulmonologist
physician trained in diagnosing and treating diseases of the respiratory system
Thoracic Surgeon
operates on the heart, lungs, esophagus
Pathology of the Respiratory System
COPD
group of lung diseases where the bronchial airflow is obstructed
Chronic Bronchitis
airways are inflamed due to recurrent exposure to an inhaled irritant
Emphysema
progressive, long term loss of lung function
Asthma
chronic inflammatory disease of the bronchial tubes
Upper Respiratory Disease
Allergic rhinitis
allergy, allergic reaction to airborne allergens that causes increased mucus
Croup
ARI in children and infants
Obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, swelling around the vocal cords causing barking cough or stridor
Diphtheria
acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract
Pathology of the Respiratory System
Tuberculosis
Cystic Fibrosis
infectious disease caused by M. tuberculosis which attacks mostly the lung
life threatening genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus.
results in damage to lungs, poor growth, and nutritional deficiencies
Pneumonia
serious inflammation of the lungs in which the alveoli and air passages fill with pus and other fluids
Influenza
Acute, highly contagious viral infection characterized by respiratory inflammation, fever, chills, and muscle pain
Pharyngitis
sore throat
Laryngopspasm
sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx
Voice Disorders
Phon
means sound or or voice
-ia
means abnormal condition
Aphonia
Dysphonia
Laryngitis
no normal speech sounds
difficulty in speaking
(hoarseness, cracking)
voice loss associated with infection
Other Respiratory Disorders
Tracheorrhagia
bleeding from the mucous membranes of the trachea
Bronchiectasis
permanent dilation of the bronchi, caused by chronic respiratory infection and inflammation
-ectasis
stretching or enlargement
Bronchorrhea
-rrhea
abnormal flow
Pleurisy
inflammation of the pleura
Pleurodynia
Pyothorax
Pneumothorax
Other Respiratory Disorders
Hemathorax
pus in the pleural cavity
Empyema
collection of pus in the body cavity
Pleural effusion
the excess accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
Other Respiratory Disorders
Atelectasis
incomplete expansion of part or all of a lung due to blockage of air passages
Pulmonary Edema
accumulation of fluid in lung tissues
Pulmonary Embolism
sudden blockage of pulmonary artery by foreign matter or an embolus
Coughing
Expectoration
act of coughing up and spitting out saliva, mucus, or other body fluids
Lack of Oxygen
Anoxia
absence of O2 from the body's tissues and organs even with blood flow
deficient oxygen levels in the body's tissues and organs
Hypoxia
Asphyxia
loss of consciousness due to lack of oxygen
Asphyxiation
life-threatening asphyxia or suffocation
Lack of Oxygen
Cyanosis
Hypercapnia
Hypoxemia
bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood
low oxygen levels in the blood
Difference btwn. hypoxia and hypoxemia...
ARDS
a life-threatening lung condition where inflammation in the lungs and fluid in the alveoli lead to low levels of O2 in the blood
Diagnostic Procedures
Laryngoscopy
visualization of the larynx and vocal cords
Polysomnopraphy a.k.a. sleep study
measures activity during sleep and abnormal breathing including sleep apnea
PFTs
group of tests that measure volume and flow of air via spirometer
Spirometer
device that measures the amount of air inhaled or exhaled
Hemoptysis
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